help vs serve what difference

what is difference between help and serve

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English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hĕlp, IPA(key): /hɛlp/
  • Rhymes: -ɛlp

Etymology 1

From Middle English help, from Old English help (help, aid, assistance, relief), from Proto-Germanic *helpō (help), *hilpiz, *hulpiz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelb-, *ḱelp- (to help).

Cognate with Saterland Frisian Hälpe (help), West Frisian help (help), Dutch hulp (help), Low German Hülp (help), German Hilfe (help, aid, assistance), Danish hjælp (help), Swedish hjälp (help), Norwegian hjelp (help).

Noun

help (usually uncountable, plural helps)

  1. (uncountable) Action given to provide assistance; aid.
  2. (usually uncountable) Something or someone which provides assistance with a task.
  3. Documentation provided with computer software, etc. and accessed using the computer.
  4. (usually uncountable) One or more people employed to help in the maintenance of a house or the operation of a farm or enterprise.
  5. (uncountable) Correction of deficits, as by psychological counseling or medication or social support or remedial training.
Usage notes
  • The sense “people employed to help in the maintenance of a house” is usually an uncountable mass noun. A countable form – “a hired help”, “two hired helps” – is attested, but now less common. Helper could be used if no more specific noun is available.
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:help.

Synonyms
  • (action given to provide assistance): aid, assistance
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English helpen, from Old English helpan (to help, aid, assist, benefit, relieve, cure), from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, Proto-Germanic *helpaną (to help), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelb-, *ḱelp- (to help).

Cognate with West Frisian helpe (to help), Dutch helpen (to help), Low German helpen, hölpen (to help), German helfen (to help), Danish hjælpe (to help), Norwegian hjelpe (to help), Lithuanian šelpti (to help, support).

Verb

help (third-person singular simple present helps, present participle helping, simple past helped or (archaic) holp, past participle helped or (archaic) holpen)

  1. (transitive) To provide assistance to (someone or something).
  2. (transitive) To assist (a person) in getting something, especially food or drink at table; used with to.
  3. (transitive) To contribute in some way to.
  4. (intransitive) To provide assistance.
  5. (transitive) To avoid; to prevent; to refrain from; to restrain (oneself). Usually used in nonassertive contexts with can.
Usage notes
  • Use 4 is often used in the imperative mood as a call for assistance.
  • In uses 1, 2, 3 and 4, this is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. It can also take the bare infinitive with no change in meaning.
  • In use 5, can’t help is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing) or, with but, the bare infinitive.
  • For more information, see Appendix:English catenative verbs
Synonyms
  • (provide assistance to): aid, assist, come to the aid of, help out; See also Thesaurus:help
  • (contribute in some way to): contribute to
  • (provide assistance): assist; See also Thesaurus:assist
Derived terms
Translations

Interjection

help!

  1. A cry of distress or an urgent request for assistance
    (Robin Hood (1973))
Translations

Anagrams

  • Pehl

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch helpen, from Middle Dutch helpen, from Old Dutch helpan, from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦɛlp/

Verb

help (present help, present participle helpende, past participle gehelp)

  1. to help

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛlp

Verb

help

  1. first-person singular present indicative of helpen
  2. imperative of helpen

Esperanto

Etymology

From the bare root of helpi, following the model of English help! considered as internationally understood.

Interjection

help

  1. Help! (as a cry of distress)

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *helpō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xelp/, [heɫp]

Noun

help f

  1. help

Descendants

  • Middle English: help
    • English: help
    • Scots: help

References

  • Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898), “help”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Old Norse

Verb

help

  1. first-person singular present indicative active of hjalpa

Welsh

Etymology

Borrowed from English help.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɛlp/

Noun

help m (uncountable, not mutable)

  1. help, aid
    Synonyms: cymorth, cynhorthwy

Derived terms

  • help llaw (a helping hand)
  • helpu (to help)

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian helpe, from Proto-Germanic *helpō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɛlp/

Noun

help c (plural helpen, diminutive helpke)

  1. help, assistance, aid
    Synonyms: assistinsje, bystân

Further reading

  • “help (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Etymology

From Middle English serven, from Middle French servir, from Old French, from Latin serviō (be a slave; serve), from Latin servus (slave; servant), which perhaps derives from Etruscan (compare Etruscan proper names ???????????????????? (servi), ???????????????????? (serve)), or from Proto-Indo-European *ser- (watch over, protect).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /sɜːv/
  • (US) IPA(key): /sɝv/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)v

Noun

serve (plural serves)

  1. (sports) An act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play in various games.
    Whose serve is it?
    • 1961 January 13, Marshall Smith, From Waif to a Winner, the Clown of the Courts, Life, page 99,
      He had no power serve of his own, no backhand, no volley, no lob, no idea of pace or tactics.
    • 1996, Steve Boga, Badminton, page viii,
      The first serve of the game is from the right half court to the half diagonally opposite.
    • 2009, Mihnea Moldoveanu, Roger L. Martin, Diaminds: Decoding the Mental Habits of Successful Thinkers, page 31,
      Against a serve of the calibre of McEnroe′s, an opponent will try to anticipate the ball′s direction and lean either to the left or to the right, depending on where he feels the server will go.
  2. (chiefly Australia) A portion of food or drink, a serving.
    • 2004, Susanna Holt, Fitness Food: The Essential Guide to Eating Well and Performing Better, Murdoch Books Australia, page 23,
      The night before your event, base your evening meal on high-carbohydrate foods with a small serve of lean protein.
    • 2007, Verity Campbell, Turkey, Lonely Planet, page 142,
      Come here for a cappuccino that could hold its own on Via Veneto in Rome (€2) and a serve of their crunchy fresh cheese börek.
    • 2008, Michael E. Cichorski, Maximum Asthma Control: The Revolutionary 3-Step Anti Asthma Program, page 100,
      Reintroduce protein; add a small serve of salmon, tuna or sardines every second day (tinned variety or fresh).
    • 2011, Great Britain Parliament House of Commons Health Committee, Alcohol: First Report of Session 2009-10, Volume 2, page 189,
      Smirnoff Appleback was a finished drink, comprising a 50ml serve of Smirnoff, with ice and lemonade or ginger ale and equating to 1.9 units.
    • 2012, Lesley Campbell, Alan L. Rubin, Type 2 Diabetes For Dummies, Australian Edition, page 117,
      One serve of carbohydrates is approximately equal to a slice of bread, a piece of fruit, third of a cup of cooked rice, half a cup of grains, cereals, starchy vegetables or cooked pasta, 200 grams of plain yoghurt, or 300 millilitres of milk.
  3. (gay slang and African-American Vernacular) An impressive presentation (especially of a person’s appearance).
    That white eyeliner is such a serve.

Synonyms

  • (act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play): service
  • (portion of food): See serving

Antonyms

  • (sports: act of putting the ball or shuttlecock in play): receive

Translations

Verb

serve (third-person singular simple present serves, present participle serving, simple past and past participle served)

  1. (personal) To provide a service (or, by extension, a product, especially food or drink).
    1. (transitive) To be a formal servant for (a god or deity); to worship in an official capacity. [from 12thc.]
      • 1889, Philip Schaff, translating St. Chrysostom, Homilies, XIV:
        And yet this is not the office of a Priest, but of Him whom the Priest should serve.
    2. (transitive) To be a servant for; to work for, to be employed by. [from 13thc.]
      • 1716, Joseph Addison, The Drummer
        And, truly, Mrs Abigail, I must needs say, I served my master contentedly while he was living, but I will serve no man living (that is, no man that is not living) without double wages.
      • 1979, Bob Dylan, Gotta Serve Somebody:
        You may be a businessman or some high-degree thief, / They may call you Doctor or they may call you Chief / But you’re gonna have to serve somebody.
    3. (transitive) To wait upon (someone) at table; to set food and drink in front of, to help (someone) to food, meals etc. [from 13thc.]
      • 2007, Larry McMurty, When the Light Goes
        That night Annie served him grilled halibut and English peas, plus tomatoes, of course, and a salad.
    4. (intransitive) To be a servant or worker; to perform the duties of a servant or employee; to render service. [from 14thc.]
      • 1673, John Milton, On His Blindness:
        They also serve who only stand and wait.
    5. (transitive) To set down (food or drink) on the table to be eaten; to bring (food, drink) to a person. [from 15thc.]
      • 2009, Dominic A Pacyga, Chicago: A Biography, p.195:
        About twenty minutes after waiters served the soup, a guest got up and left.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To treat (someone) in a given manner. [from 13thc.]
    • 1924, H. Rider Haggard, Belshazzar
      I mock them all who have served me ill of late and chiefly this cheat of Judah, whose temple we have plundered and whose golden vessels are my wash-pots.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To be suitor to; to be the lover of. [from 14thc.]
  4. To be effective.
    1. (transitive) To be useful to; to meet the needs of. [from 14thc.]
      • 2010 October 12, Lloyd Marcus, The Guardian
        So, while the sycophantic liberal media calls any and all opposition to Obama racist, they give Obama carte blanche to exploit his race whenever it serves his purpose.
    2. (intransitive) To have a given use or purpose; to function for something or to do something. [from 14thc.]
      • 2011 January 27, “Borgata bust”, The Economist
        The bust also served to remind the public that the Mafia is not harmless.
    3. (intransitive) To usefully take the place as, instead of something else. [from 14thc.]
      • 2010 April 20, “Not up in the air”, The Economist
        Maybe the volcanic eruption will serve as a wake-up call to such companies that they need to modernise their risk management.
  5. (transitive, law) To deliver a document.
    1. To officially deliver (a legal notice, summons etc.). [from 15thc.]
      • 2008 April, Pamela Colloff, The Fire That Time, Texas Monthly; Austin: Emmis Publishing, p.158:
        On the morning of February 28, 1993, ATF agents gathered at a staging area near Waco and prepared to serve a search warrant on the Branch Davidians’ residence.
    2. To make legal service upon (a person named in a writ, summons, etc.)
  6. (transitive, intransitive, sports) To lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton etc. [from 16thc.]
    • 2007, Rob Antoun, Women’s Tennis Tactics, p.2:
      In women’s tennis the need to serve more effectively has become greater in recent years because the game is being played more aggressively, and rallies are becoming shorter as a result.
  7. (transitive) To copulate with (of male animals); to cover. [from 16thc.]
    • 1996, Puck Bonnier et al., Dairy Cattle Husbandry, Agromisa Foundation 2004
      Conception means that a cow is served by a bull and that she becomes pregnant.
  8. (intransitive) To be in military service. [from 16thc.]
    • 2007 May 16, Peter Walker, The Guardian
      Some reports suggested he would quit the army if he was not allowed to serve abroad in a war zone.
  9. (transitive, military) To work, to operate (a weapon). [from 18thc.]
    • 1864, Horace Greeley, The American Conflict
      John T. Greble, of the 2d regular artillery, was likewise killed instantly by a ball through the head, while serving his gun in the face of the foe.
  10. (transitive) To work through (a given period of time in prison, a sentence). [from 19thc.]
    • 2010 December 1, Tania Branigan, The Guardian
      The Guangzhou Daily reported that Shi Chunlong, 20, who organised the incident, was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Hou Bin, who pulled out of the attack after helping to plan it, will serve 12 years.
  11. (nautical) To wind spun yarn etc. tightly around (a rope or cable, etc.) so as to protect it from chafing or from the weather.
  12. (transitive) To perform (a public obligation).
    I’ve received a summons for jury duty. It says I serve one day or one trial.
    She served the office of mayor five years ago.
  13. (transitive, intransitive, slang, drugs) To provide crack cocaine (to), usually by selling, dealing, or distributing.
  14. (gay slang and African-American Vernacular) To present an attractive personal appearance.
    1. (intransitive) To present an attractive personal appearance.
    2. (transitive) To attractively display something (especially a body part) as part of one’s personal appearance.
    3. (transitive) To evoke something (especially a person) with one’s personal appearance.

Synonyms

  • (to be a servant to): attend, bestand, wait on; See also Thesaurus:serve

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Descendants

  • Thai: เสิร์ฟ (sə̀əp)

References

Anagrams

  • ‘verse, -verse, reves, sever, veers, verse

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈsɛrvɛ]

Verb

serve

  1. third-person singular future of servat

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɛʁv/

Verb

serve

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of servir

Anagrams

  • resve, rêves, rêvés, verse, versé

Italian

Etymology 1

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective

serve

  1. feminine plural of servo

Noun

serve f pl

  1. plural of serva

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

serve

  1. third-person singular present indicative of servire

Latin

Noun

serve m

  1. vocative singular of servus

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • (noun): sørv
  • (verb): serva (a infinitive); sørva, sørve

Etymology

Borrowed from English serve. Doublet of servere. Both are ultimately from Latin serviō.

Verb

serve (present tense servar, past tense serva, past participle serva, passive infinitive servast, present participle servande, imperative serv)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, sports) to serve (To lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton etc.)

Noun

serve m (definite singular serven, indefinite plural servar, definite plural servane)

  1. (sports) a serve

References

  • “serve” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • verse

Portuguese

Verb

serve

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of servir
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of servir

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from English serve.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɵrv/

Noun

serve c

  1. (sports) serve

Declension

Related terms

  • serva (to serve)

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