hide vs pelt what difference

what is difference between hide and pelt

English

Alternative forms

  • hyde (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hīd, IPA(key): /haɪd/
  • Rhymes: -aɪd

Etymology 1

From Middle English hiden, huden, from Old English hȳdan (to hide, conceal, preserve), from Proto-West Germanic *hūdijan (to conceal), from Proto-Germanic *hūdijaną (to conceal), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewdʰ- (to cover, wrap, encase), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover).

The verb was originally weak. In the King James Version of the Bible (1611) both hid and hidden are used for the past participle.

Verb

hide (third-person singular simple present hides, present participle hiding, simple past hid, past participle hidden or (archaic) hid)

  1. (transitive) To put (something) in a place where it will be harder to discover or out of sight.
    Synonyms: conceal, hide away, secrete
    Antonyms: disclose, expose, reveal, show, uncover
    • 1856, Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Part III Chapter XI, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling
      The blind man, whom he had not been able to cure with the pomade, had gone back to the hill of Bois-Guillaume, where he told the travellers of the vain attempt of the druggist, to such an extent, that Homais when he went to town hid himself behind the curtains of the “Hirondelle” to avoid meeting him.
  2. (intransitive) To put oneself in a place where one will be harder to find or out of sight.
    Synonyms: go undercover, hide away, hide out, lie low, hole up
    Antonyms: reveal, show
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old English hȳd, of Germanic origin, from Proto-West Germanic *hūdi, from Proto-Germanic *hūdiz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew-t- (skin, hide), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover). More at sky.

Noun

hide (plural hides)

  1. (countable) The skin of an animal.
    Synonyms: pelt, skin
  2. (obsolete or derogatory) The human skin.
  3. (uncountable, informal, usually US) One’s own life or personal safety, especially when in peril.
    • 1957, Ayn Rand, Francisco d’Anconia’s speech in Atlas Shrugged:
      The rotter who simpers that he sees no difference between the power of money and the power of the whip, ought to learn the difference on his own hide—as I think he will.
  4. (countable) (mainly British) A covered structure from which hunters, birdwatchers, etc can observe animals without scaring them.
  5. (countable, architecture) A secret room for hiding oneself or valuables; a hideaway.
  6. (countable) A covered structure to which a pet animal can retreat, as is recommended for snakes.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

hide (third-person singular simple present hides, present participle hiding, simple past and past participle hided)

  1. To beat with a whip made from hide.
    • 1891, Robert Weir, J. Moray Brown, Riding
      He ran last week, and he was hided, and he was out on the day before yesterday, and here he is once more, and he knows he’s got to run and to be hided again.

Etymology 3

From Middle English hide, from Old English hīd, hȳd, hīġed, hīġid (a measure of land), for earlier *hīwid (the amount of land needed to support one family), a derivative of Proto-Germanic *hīwaz, *hīwō (relative, fellow-lodger, family), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to lie with, store, be familiar). Related to Old English hīwisc (hide of land, household), Old English hīwan (members of a family, household). More at hewe, hind.

Noun

hide (plural hides)

  1. (historical) A unit of land and tax assessment of varying size, originally as intended to support one household with dependents. [from 9th c.]
    • 2016, Peter H. Wilson, The Holy Roman Empire, Penguin 2017, p. 488:
      The exact size of hides varied with soil quality, but each one generally encompassed 24 to 26 hectares.
    Synonym: carucate
Usage notes

The hide was originally intended to represent the amount of land farmed by a single household but was primarily connected to obligations owed (in England) to the Saxon and Norman kings, and thus varied greatly from place to place. Around the time of the Domesday Book under the Normans, the hide was usually but not always the land expected to produce £1 (1 Tower pound of sterling silver) in income over the year.

Hypernyms
  • (100 hides) barony
Hyponyms
  • (14 hide) See virgate
  • (18 hide) See oxgang
  • (116 hide) nook
  • farundel

Anagrams

  • Heid, Ihde, hied

Albanian

Alternative forms

  • ide

Etymology

From Turkish iğde (oleaster).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhidɛ/

Noun

hide f (indefinite plural hide, definite singular hidja, definite plural hidet)

  1. (botany) jujube (Ziziphus jujuba)

Synonyms

  • xinxife

References


Middle English

Etymology 1

from Old English hīd, hȳd, hīġed, hīġid (a measure of land), from earlier *hīwid (the amount of land needed to support one family), a derivative of Proto-Germanic *hīwaz, *hīwō (relative, fellow-lodger, family), related to *hīwô (household).

Noun

hide (plural hides or hiden or hide)

  1. hide (unit of land)
Alternative forms
  • hyde
Descendants
  • English: hide
  • Scots: hyd, hid

References

  • “hīde, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

From hiden (to hide).

Noun

hide

  1. concealment
  2. hiding spot
Alternative forms
  • hid, hyd, hyde
Descendants
  • English: hide
  • Scots: hide

References

  • “hīd(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 3

Noun

hide (plural hides or hiden)

  1. Alternative form of hyde (skin)

Etymology 4

Noun

hide

  1. Alternative form of hythe (landing place, port)

Etymology 5

Noun

hide (plural hides)

  1. Alternative form of heed (head)

Etymology 6

Verb

hide (third-person singular simple present hideth, present participle hidende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle hidde)

  1. Alternative form of hiden (to hide)


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English pelt, from Old French pelette, diminutive of pel (a skin), from Latin pellis. Alternatively a contraction of peltry (skins) from the same Old French and Latin roots.
Norwegian pels, Norwegian belte

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛlt/
  • Rhymes: -ɛlt

Noun

pelt (plural pelts)

  1. The skin of a beast with the hair on; a raw or undressed hide; a skin preserved with the hairy or woolly covering on it.
  2. The body of any quarry killed by a hawk.
  3. (humorous) Human skin.
    • A scabby tetter on their pelts will stick
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English pelten, pilten, pulten, perhaps from Old English *pyltan.

Verb

pelt (third-person singular simple present pelts, present participle pelting, simple past and past participle pelted)

  1. (transitive) To bombard, as with missiles.
    They pelted the attacking army with bullets.
  2. (transitive) To throw; to use as a missile.
    The children pelted apples at us.
  3. (intransitive) To rain or hail heavily.
    It’s pelting down out there!
  4. (transitive) To beat or hit, especially repeatedly.
  5. (intransitive) To move rapidly, especially in or on a conveyance.
    The boy pelted down the hill on his toboggan.
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To throw out words.
Translations

Noun

pelt (plural pelts)

  1. A blow or stroke from something thrown.
    • 2013, Karen-Anne Stewart, Healing Rain (page 134)
      Kas is awakened by the furious pelts of rain hitting the tin roof, and he rolls over, pulling his sleeping wife tightly into his arms.

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “pelt”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • -lept, lept, lept-

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

pelt

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of pellen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of pellen

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