hideous vs repulsive what difference

what is difference between hideous and repulsive

English

Etymology

From Middle English hidous, from Anglo-Norman hidous, from Old French hideus, hydus (that which inspires terror), from earlier hisdos, from Old French hisda (horror, fear), of uncertain and disputed origin. Probably from Proto-West Germanic *agisiþu (horror, terror), from Proto-West Germanic *agisōn (to frighten, terrorise), from Proto-Germanic *agaz (terror, fear), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʰ- (to frighten). Cognate with Old High German egisa, egidī (horror), Old English egesa (fear, dread), Gothic ???????????????? (agis, fear, terror).

Alternative etymology cites possible derivation from Latin hispidosus (rugged), from hispidus (rough, bristly), yet the semantic evolution is less plausible.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɪd.iː.ʌs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɪd.i.əs/

Adjective

hideous (comparative more hideous, superlative most hideous)

  1. Extremely or shockingly ugly.
  2. Having a very unpleasant or frightening sound
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      He started up, growling at first, but finding his leg broken, fell down again; and then got upon three legs, and gave the most hideous roar that ever I heard.
  3. Hateful; shocking.
  4. Morally offensive; shocking; detestable.

Usage notes

  • Nouns to which “hideous” is often applied: monster, creature, man, woman, face, thing, crime, form, death, aspect, spectacle, picture, roar, sound, manner, way, disease, mistake, shape, dress, fact, act, smile.

Synonyms

  • frightful, ghastly, grim, grisly, grotesque, horrid, dreadful, terrible

Derived terms

  • hideosity
  • hideously
  • hideousness

Translations


Middle English

Adjective

hideous

  1. Alternative form of hidous (terrifying)


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French repulsif, from Medieval Latin repulsivus, from Latin repulsus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈpʌlsɪv/
  • enPR: /rĭ-pŭl’sĭv/, /rē-pŭl’sĭv/

Adjective

repulsive (comparative more repulsive, superlative most repulsive)

  1. tending to rouse aversion or to repulse
  2. (physics) having the capacity to repel
  3. cold, reserved, forbidding

Usage notes

  • Nouns to which “repulsive” is often applied: force, interaction, potential.

Synonyms

  • repellent
  • similar: disgusting, vile

Antonyms

  • (tending to rouse aversion) attractive
  • (physics, having the capacity to repel) attractive

Translations

Anagrams

  • prelusive, pulverise

Italian

Adjective

repulsive

  1. feminine plural of repulsivo

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