high vs mellow what difference

what is difference between high and mellow

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: , IPA(key): /ˈhaɪ/, [haɪ̯]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhaɪ/, [haɪ̯]
  • Rhymes: -aɪ
  • Homophones: hi, Hi, hie

Etymology 1

From Middle English high, heigh, heih, from Old English hēah (high, tall, lofty, high-class, exalted, sublime, illustrious, important, proud, haughty, deep, right), from Proto-West Germanic *hauh (high), from Proto-Germanic *hauhaz (high), from Proto-Indo-European *kewk- (to elevate, height).

Cognate with Scots heich (high), Saterland Frisian hooch (high), West Frisian heech (high), Dutch hoog (high), Low German hoog (high), German hoch (high), Swedish hög (high), Norwegian høy (high), Icelandic hár (high), Lithuanian kaukas (bump, boil, sore), Russian ку́ча (kúča, pile, heap, stack, lump).

Alternative forms

  • hi (informal)

Adjective

high (comparative higher, superlative highest)

  1. Physically elevated, extending above a base or average level:
    1. Very elevated; extending or being far above a base; tall; lofty.
    2. Relatively elevated; rising or raised above the average or normal level from which elevation is measured.
      • 1919, Martha Van Rensselaer, Flora Rose, Helen Canon, A Manual of Home-Making, page 376:
        A nightgown with a high neck and long sleeves may have the fullness set into a yoke.
    3. (baseball, of a ball) Above the batter’s shoulders.
      the pitch (or: the ball) was high
    4. Pertaining to (or, especially of a language: spoken in) in an area which is at a greater elevation, for example more mountainous, than other regions.
  2. Having a specified elevation or height; tall.
    three feet high   three Mount Everests high
  3. Elevated in status, esteem, or prestige, or in importance or development; exalted in rank, station, or character.
    The oldest of the elves’ royal family still conversed in High Elvish.
    • 1855-57, Charles Dickens Little Dorrit
      The Barnacles were a very high family, and a very large family. They were dispersed all over the public offices, and held all sorts of public places.
    • 2007, Sheila Finch, Shaper’s Legacy →ISBN, page 122:
      Not a one of them was old enough to know what the high past of Liani separatism had really been like.
    1. Most exalted; foremost.
      the high priest, the high officials of the court, the high altar
    2. Of great importance and consequence: grave (if negative) or solemn (if positive).
      high crimes, the high festival of the sun
    3. Consummate; advanced (e.g. in development) to the utmost extent or culmination, or possessing a quality in its supreme degree, at its zenith.
      high (i.e. intense) heat; high (i.e. full or quite) noon; high (i.e. rich or spicy) seasoning; high (i.e. complete) pleasure; high (i.e. deep or vivid) colour; high (i.e. extensive, thorough) scholarship; high tide; high [tourism] season; the High Middle Ages
      • High time it is this war now ended were.
      • 1709-1710, Thomas Baker, Reflections on Learning
        High sauces and rich spices are fetch’d from the Indies.
    4. Advanced in complexity (and hence potentially abstract and/or difficult to comprehend).
      • 1802, William Wordsworth, England 1802
        Plain living and high thinking are no more.
  4. (in several set phrases) Very traditionalist and conservative, especially in favoring older ways of doing things; see e.g. high church, High Tory.
    • 1858, Joseph Howe, Speeches and Public Letters, page 346:
      The letter of a “Pioneer” was sent to the Chronicle office by a very respectable man, of a high conservative family, but whose interests have been injuriously affected by the constant fluctuations in the commercial policy of England.
    • 1861 (printed 2003), Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Regnery Publishing (→ISBN)
      His family was ardently royalist, and might be compared to a high Tory family on this side the water; with some change of conditions, their prejudices and disposition of the mind were the same.
    • 2005, Jesse D. Geller, John C. Norcross, David E. Orlinsky, The Psychotherapist’s Own Psychotherapy, Oxford University Press (→ISBN), page 69:
      My father was the youngest son of a High-Church and high Tory family, the politically leftwing and religiously Nonconformist rebel; and antiimperialist who nearly lost his position in the City by refusing to sign his firm’s pro–Boer War petition.
  5. Elevated in mood; marked by great merriment, excitement, etc.
    in high spirits
    • 1970, Grateful Dead, High Time, on the album Workingman’s Dead
      I was having a high time, living the good life.
  6. (of a lifestyle) Luxurious; rich.
    high living, the high life
    • 2010, Rose Maria McCarthy Anding. High Heels, Honey Lips, & White Powder
      I was living the high lifestyle in famous sex clubs, relaxing on luxurious sofas, in the saunas and whirlpools, enjoying moments of excitement with my male and female companions while sipping champagne from crystal glasses.
  7. Lofty, often to the point of arrogant, haughty, boastful, proud.
    a high tone
    • An high look and a proud heart [] is sin.
    • His forces, after all the high discourses, amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot.
  8. (with “on” or “about”) Keen, enthused.
    • 2010, Lena, quoted by S. Rosenbloom, The Multiracial Urban High School: Fearing Peers and Trusting Friends (→ISBN), chapter four:
      I’m not that high about the relationship.
  9. (of a body of water) With tall waves.
  10. Remote (to the north or south) from the equator; situated at (or constituting) a latitude which is expressed by a large number.
    high latitude, fish species in high arctic and antarctic areas
    • 1966, Symposium on Antarctic Oceanography: Papers, page 242:
      But other euphausiids, Euphausia crystallorophias, are found in the pack ice region of the high Antarctic as food of Blue and Minke Whales (Marr, 1956). E. vallentini is very important in the lower Antarctic region, around []
    • 1990, International Union of Game Biologists. Congress, Transactions, the XIXth IUGB Congress: Population dynamics, page 219:
      We predict that L. arctica will coincide with the whole reindeer-caribou distribution, probably excepted Svalbard, South Georgia and other high-polar areas.
    • 1999, Peter John Hodum, Foraging Ecology and Reproductive Energetics of Antarctic Fulmarine Petrels, page 8:
      [] petrels, which breed primarily in the high Antarctic, the Rauer Islands are fairly central in their breeding distribution. This study documents the breeding biology of these four species of fulmarine petrels on Hop Island, Rauer Islands during  []
    • 2004, Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungvolume 481-483, page 1:
      Except for some lithodid crabs that have recently been found in the Antarctic Bellingshausen Sea (Klages et al., 1995; Arana and Retamal, 2000), reptants are not known from high polar areas, where water temperature at the seafloor drops permanently below about 0°C.
    • 2007, Zoological Studies, volume 46, iissues 1-3, page 371:
      This study also analyzed the sources of variations over an environmental gradient extending from low (subtropical) to high (sub-Antarctic) latitudes.
  11. Large, great (in amount or quantity, value, force, energy, etc).
    • Can heavenly minds such high resentment show?
    1. Having a large or comparatively larger concentration of (a substance, which is often but not always linked by “in” when predicative).
    • 1907, The American Exporter, volume 60, page 101:
      Anyone can determine for himself whether certain wire is high carbon or not. Heat a piece of the wire red hot and while red plunge into water till cold.
  12. (acoustics) Acute or shrill in pitch, due to being of greater frequency, i.e. produced by more rapid vibrations (wave oscillations).
  13. (phonetics) Made with some part of the tongue positioned high in the mouth, relatively close to the palate.
  14. (card games) Greater in value than other cards, denominations, suits, etc.
    1. (poker) Having the highest rank in a straight, flush or straight flush.
      I have KT742 of the same suit. In other words, a K-high flush.
      9-high straight = 98765 unsuited
      Royal Flush = AKQJT suited = A-high straight flush
    2. (of a card or hand) Winning; able to take a trick, win a round, etc.
      North’s hand was high. East was in trouble.
      • 1894, Harper’s Magazine, volume 88, page 910:
        Cutler pushed forward the two necessary white chips. No one’s hand was high, and Loomis made a slight winning.
  15. (of meat, especially venison) Strong-scented; slightly tainted/spoiled; beginning to decompose.
    Epicures do not cook game before it is high.
  16. (informal) Intoxicated; under the influence of a mood-altering drug, formerly usually alcohol, but now (from the mid-20th century) usually not alcohol but rather marijuana, cocaine, heroin, etc.
  17. (nautical, of a sailing ship) Near, in its direction of travel, to the (direction of the) wind.
  18. (sports such as soccer) Positioned up the field, towards the opposing team’s goal.
    Our defensive line is too high.
Synonyms
  • haute, hawt
  • (elevated): See Thesaurus:tall
  • (intoxicated): See Thesaurus:stoned or Thesaurus:drunk
Antonyms
  • low
Hyponyms
Derived terms

Pages starting with “high”.

Descendants
  • Sranan Tongo: hei
Translations
See also
  • mighty

Adverb

high (comparative higher, superlative highest)

  1. In or to an elevated position.
    How high above land did you fly?
  2. In or at a great value.
    Costs have grown higher this year again.
  3. At a pitch of great frequency.
    I certainly can’t sing that high.
Usage notes
  • The adverb high and the adverb highly should not be confused.
    He hung the picture high on the wall.
    As a politician, he isn’t esteemed too highly.
Translations
References
  • Yuri Dolgopolov, A Dictionary of Confusable Phrases: More Than 10,000 Idioms (2016, →ISBN): “high on something”

Noun

high (plural highs)

  1. A high point or position, literally (as, an elevated place; a superior region; a height; the sky; heaven).or figuratively (as, a point of success or achievement; a time when things are at their best, greatest, most numerous, maximum, etc).
    It was one of the highs of his career.
    Inflation reached a ten-year high.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      South Korea has reached a new high in a kind of air pollution measured in fine dust.

    1. The maximum atmospheric temperature recorded at a particular location, especially during one 24-hour period.
      Today’s high was 32 °C.
  2. A period of euphoria, from excitement or from an intake of drugs.
    • 2013, Daniel Taylor, Chelsea’s Branislav Ivanovic climbs highest to sink Benfica (in The Guardian, 15 May 2013)[3]
      They will have to reflect on a seventh successive defeat in a European final while Chelsea try to make sense of an eccentric season rife with controversy and bad feeling but once again one finishing on an exhilarating high.
  3. A drug that gives such a high.
  4. (meteorology, informal) A large area of elevated atmospheric pressure; an anticyclone.
    A large high is centred on the Azores.
  5. (card games) The highest card dealt or drawn.
Translations
See also
  • crash

Verb

high (third-person singular simple present highs, present participle highing, simple past and past participle highed)

  1. (obsolete) To rise.
    The sun higheth.

Etymology 2

From Middle English hiȝe, huȝe, huiȝe, huie, hige, from Old English hyġe (thought, mind, heart, disposition, intention, courage, pride), from Proto-West Germanic *hugi, from Proto-Germanic *hugiz (mind, sense), of unknown origin. Cognate with North Frisian huwggje (mind, sense), Middle Low German höge, hoge (thought, meaning, mood, happiness), Middle High German hüge, huge, hoge (mind, spirit, memory), Danish hu (mind), Swedish håg (mind, inclination), Icelandic hugur (mind). Related to Hugh.

Noun

high (plural highs)

  1. (obsolete)
  2. Thought; intention; determination; purpose.

Etymology 3

See hie.

Verb

high (third-person singular simple present highs, present participle highing, simple past and past participle highed)

  1. To hie; to hasten.

Anagrams

  • GHIH


English

Etymology

From Middle English melowe, melwe (soft, sweet, juicy), variant of Middle English merow, merwe (soft, tender), from Old English meru, mearu (tender, soft, callow, delicate, frail), from Proto-Germanic *marwaz (mellow), from Proto-Indo-European *mer(w)- (to rub, pack). Cognate with Saterland Frisian muur (tender), West Frisian murf (tender), Dutch murw (tender), German Low German möör (tender), German mürbe (tender, soft), Old Norse mör (tender; aching), Icelandic meyr (tender).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɛləʊ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmɛloʊ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛləʊ

Adjective

mellow (comparative mellower or more mellow, superlative mellowest or most mellow)

  1. Soft or tender by reason of ripeness; having a tender pulp.
  2. Easily worked or penetrated; not hard or rigid.
    • flowers of rank and mellow glebe
  3. Not coarse, rough, or harsh; subdued, soft, rich, delicate; said of sound, color, flavor, style, etc.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, The Valley of Dover
      the mellow horn
    • 1821, James Gates Percival, Prometheus
      The tender flush whose mellow stain imbues / Heaven with all freaks of light.
  4. Well matured; softened by years; genial; jovial.
    • December 11, 1834, William Wordsworth, to Samuel Rogers Esq
      May health return to mellow age.
    • as merry and mellow an old bachelor as ever followed a hound
  5. Relaxed; calm; easygoing; laid-back.
  6. Warmed by liquor, slightly intoxicated, stoned, or high.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)

Synonyms

  • (tender): See Thesaurus:soft
  • (not hard): yielding; See also Thesaurus:soft
  • (not harsh): merry
  • (genial): convivial, gay, genial, jovial
  • (relaxed): easy-breezy, casual
  • (slightly intoxicated): See Thesaurus:drunk or Thesaurus:stoned

Derived terms

  • mellowness

Translations

Noun

mellow (plural mellows)

  1. A relaxed mood.

Derived terms

  • harsh one’s mellow

Verb

mellow (third-person singular simple present mellows, present participle mellowing, simple past and past participle mellowed)

  1. (transitive) To make mellow; to relax or soften.
  2. (intransitive) To become mellow.
    • 1592-94, William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act IV Scene 4
      So now prosperity begins to mellow
      And drop into the rotten mouth of death.

Derived terms

  • mellow out
  • unmellowed

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