hire vs rent what difference

what is difference between hire and rent

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hīr, hīʹər, IPA(key): /haɪə/, /ˈhaɪə/
  • (General American) enPR: hīr, hīʹər, IPA(key): /haɪɹ/, /ˈhaɪɚ/
  • Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)
  • Homophone: higher

Etymology 1

From Middle English hire, hyre, here, hure, from Old English hȳr (employment for wages; pay for service; interest on money lent), from Proto-West Germanic *hūʀiju (hire), from Proto-Indo-European *kewHs-. Compare Hittite ???????????? (kuššan-, fee, pay, wages, price).

Cognate with West Frisian hier (hire), Dutch huur (lease, rental), German Low German Hüür (lease, rental).

Noun

hire (plural hires)

  1. Payment for the temporary use of something.
  2. (obsolete) Reward, payment.
    • The labourer is worthy of his hire.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.viii:
      I will him reaue of armes, the victors hire, / And of that shield, more worthy of good knight; / For why should a dead dog be deckt in armour bright?
  3. The state of being hired, or having a job; employment.
  4. A person who has been hired, especially in a cohort.
Synonyms
  • (state of being hired): employment, employ
Derived terms
  • hire car
  • hireling
  • hireman
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English hiren, hyren, from Old English hȳrian (to hire), from the noun (see above). Compare West Frisian hiere (to rent, lease), Dutch huren (to rent, lease), Low German hüren (to rent), Danish hyre (to hire).

Eclipsed Middle English souden (to hire, employ, enlist), borrowed from Old French souder, soudre, souldre (to take into employ, pay); see English sold (salary, military pay).

Verb

hire (third-person singular simple present hires, present participle hiring, simple past and past participle hired)

  1. (transitive) To obtain the services of in return for fixed payment.
    Synonym: rent
  2. (transitive) To employ; to obtain the services of (a person) in exchange for remuneration; to give someone a job.
  3. (transitive) To exchange the services of for remuneration.
  4. (transitive) To accomplish by paying for services.
  5. (intransitive) To accept employment.
Antonyms
  • (to employ): fire
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • rent

Anagrams

  • ReHi, heir, rehi

Abron

Etymology

From Akan hyire (white clay).

Noun

hire

  1. white clay

References

  • Trutenau, Languages of the Akan Area: Papers in Western Kwa Linguistics (1976)

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /iɾe/, [i.ɾe̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /hiɾe/, [ɦi.ɾe̞]

Pronoun

hire

  1. genitive of hi, your

Japanese

Romanization

hire

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ひれ

Middle Dutch

Contraction

hire

  1. Contraction of hi dāer.

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English hire (her), from Proto-West Germanic *heʀā, *hiʀā, from Proto-Germanic *hezōz, genitive feminine singular of *hiz (this), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe (here; this).

Alternative forms

  • hir, hyre, hyr, ire, ir, here, her, ere, er, heyre, heore, hare, hure, hur, hurre, huere

Determiner

hire (nominative pronoun sche)

  1. Third-person singular feminine genitive determiner: her, of her.
  2. Used in place of the possessive suffix -es to denote possession by an antecedent noun.
    • 1430, Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, “The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale.
      Here begynnyt the wyf of bathe hir tale.
Synonyms
  • his
Descendants
  • English: her
  • Scots: her
See also

Pronoun

hire (nominative sche)

  1. Third-person singular feminine genitive pronoun: hers.
Synonyms
  • hires
References
  • “hir, pron.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 10 May 2018.

Etymology 2

From Old English hire (her), from Proto-West Germanic *heʀē, *hiʀē, from Proto-Germanic *hezōi, dative feminine singular of *hiz (this), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe (here; this).

Pronoun

hire (nominative sche)

  1. Third-person singular feminine pronoun indicating a grammatical object: her.
  2. (reflexive) herself.
  3. Third-person singular neuter pronoun indicating a grammatical object: it.
See also
References
  • “hir(e), pron.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 10 June 2018.

Etymology 3


From Old English hȳr, from Proto-West Germanic *hūʀiju. The final vowel is generalised from the Old English oblique cases.

Alternative forms

  • here, hier, hijre, hir, hoyre, huire, hure, huyre, hyer, hyr, hyre, hyure

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhiːr(ə)/
  • (dialectal) IPA(key): /ˈheːr(ə)/, /ˈhuːr(ə)/, /ˈhyːr(ə)/

Noun

hire (plural hires)

  1. One’s salary; wages.
    Synonyms: mede, wage
  2. A reward; recompense.
    Synonym: mede
  3. One’s deserts; what one deserves.
  4. A payment; a charge.
Related terms
  • hiren
  • hire man
  • hirlyng
Descendants
  • English: hire
  • Scots: hire
References
  • “hīr(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 4

Noun

hire

  1. Alternative form of here (army)

Etymology 5

Verb

hire

  1. Alternative form of hiren (to hire)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Adjective

hire

  1. neuter singular of hiren

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxi.re/, [ˈhi.re]

Pronoun

hire

  1. genitive/dative of hēo

Descendants

  • Middle English: hire, hir, hyre, hyr, ire, ir, here, her, ere, er, heyre, heore, hare, hure, hur, hurre, huere
    • English: her
    • Scots: her


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rĕnt, IPA(key): /ɹɛnt/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Etymology 1

From Middle English rent, rente, from Old English renta, from Old French rente and Medieval Latin renta, both from Vulgar Latin *rendere, from Latin reddere, present active infinitive of reddō.

Noun

rent (countable and uncountable, plural rents)

  1. A payment made by a tenant at intervals in order to occupy a property.
    I am asking £100 a week rent.
  2. A similar payment for the use of equipment or a service.
  3. (economics) A profit from possession of a valuable right, as a restricted license to engage in a trade or business.
  4. An object for which rent is charged or paid.
  5. (obsolete) Income; revenue.
    • [Bacchus] a wastor was and all his rent / In wine and bordel he dispent.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Finnish: ränttü
Translations

Verb

rent (third-person singular simple present rents, present participle renting, simple past and past participle rented)

  1. (transitive) To occupy premises in exchange for rent.
  2. (transitive) To grant occupation in return for rent.
  3. (transitive) To obtain or have temporary possession of an object (e.g. a movie) in exchange for money.
  4. (intransitive) To be leased or let for rent.
Translations
See also
  • hire

Etymology 2

From Middle English renten (to tear). Variant form of renden.

Noun

rent (plural rents)

  1. A tear or rip in some surface.
    • 1913, D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 10
      The brown paint on the door was so old that the naked wood showed between the rents.
  2. A division or schism.
    • 2002, Michael B. Oren, Six Days of War: June 1967:
      [] the White House was considering sending Vice President Humphrey to Cairo to patch up the many rents in U.S.—Egyptian relations.
Translations

Verb

rent

  1. simple past tense and past participle of rend

Adjective

rent (comparative more rent, superlative most rent)

  1. That has been torn or rent; ripped; torn.

Anagrams

  • tern, tren

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /reːˀnt/, [ˈʁæˀnd̥]

Adjective

rent

  1. neuter singular of ren

Adverb

rent

  1. purely (morally)
  2. purely (excluding other possibility)
  3. quite, completely

Derived terms

  • gøre rent (to clean)
  • rent ud (point-blank)

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛnt
  • IPA(key): /rɛnt/

Verb

rent

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of rennen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of rennen

Norwegian Bokmål

Adjective

rent

  1. neuter singular of ren

Adverb

rent

  1. purely

Verb

rent

  1. past participle of renne

References

  • “ren” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

rent

  1. past participle of renna

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /reːnt/

Adjective

rent

  1. absolute indefinite neuter singular of ren.

Adverb

rent (comparative renare, superlative renast)

  1. cleanly
  2. purely

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