hit vs shoot what difference

what is difference between hit and shoot

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hĭt, IPA(key): /hɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

From Middle English hitten (to hit, strike, make contact with), from Old English hittan (to meet with, come upon, fall in with), from Old Norse hitta (to strike, meet), from Proto-Germanic *hittijaną (to come upon, find), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂eyd- (to fall; fall upon; hit; cut; hew).

Cognate with Icelandic hitta (to meet), Danish hitte (to find), Latin caedō (to kill), Albanian qit (to hit, throw, pull out, release).

Verb

hit (third-person singular simple present hits, present participle hitting, simple past hit or (dialectal, obsolete) hat or (rare, dialectal) het, past participle hit or (archaic, rare, dialectal) hitten)

  1. (heading, physical) To strike.
    1. (transitive) To administer a blow to, directly or with a weapon or missile.
      • 1922-1927, Frank Harris, My Life and Loves
        He tried to hit me but I dodged the blow and went out to plot revenge.
      • 1934, Robert E. Howard, The Slugger’s Game
        I hunted him for half a hour, aiming to learn him to hit a man with a table-leg and then run, but I didn’t find him.
    2. (transitive) To come into contact with forcefully and suddenly.
      • a dozen apples, each of them near as large as a Bristol barrel, came tumbling about my ears; one of them hit me on the back as I chanced to stoop, and knocked me down flat on my face.
      • 1882, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Doctor Grimshawe’s Secret: A romance
        Meanwhile the street boys kept up a shower of mud balls, many of which hit the Doctor, while the rest were distributed upon his assailants.
    3. (intransitive) To strike against something.
      • If bodies be extension alone, [] how can they move and hit one against another?
    4. (transitive) To activate a button or key by pressing and releasing it.
    5. (transitive, slang) To kill a person, usually on the instructions of a third party.
      • 1973, Mario Puzo, Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather Part II (screenplay, second draft)
        FREDO: Mikey, why would they ever hit poor old Frankie Five-Angels? I loved that ole sonuvabitch.
    6. (transitive, military) To attack, especially amphibiously.
  2. (transitive) To manage to touch (a target) in the right place.
    I hit the jackpot.
    Antonym: miss
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To switch on.
    Antonyms: cut, kill
    Somebody’s been here! Hit the lights!
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To briefly visit.
  5. (transitive, informal) To encounter an obstacle or other difficulty.
  6. (heading) To attain, to achieve.
    1. (transitive, informal) To reach or achieve.
      • 2012, August 1. Owen Gibson in Guardian Unlimited, London 2012: rowers Glover and Stanning win Team GB’s first gold medal:
        And her success with Glover, a product of the National Lottery-funded Sporting Giants talent identification programme, will also spark relief among British officials who were starting to fret a little about hitting their target of equalling fourth in the medal table from Beijing.
    2. (intransitive) To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed, often by luck.
    3. To guess; to light upon or discover.
  7. (transitive) To affect negatively.
  8. (figuratively) To attack.
  9. (heading, games) To make a play.
    1. (transitive, card games) In blackjack, to deal a card to.
    2. (intransitive, baseball) To come up to bat.
    3. (backgammon) To take up, or replace by a piece belonging to the opposing player; said of a single unprotected piece on a point.
  10. (transitive, computing, programming) To use; to connect to.
  11. (transitive, US, slang) To have sex with.
  12. (transitive, US, slang) To inhale an amount of smoke from a narcotic substance, particularly marijuana.
Synonyms
  • (administer a blow): beat, pelt, thump; see also Thesaurus:hit
  • (kill a person): bump off, do away with, whack; see also Thesaurus:kill
  • (attack): beset, fall upon, lay into; see also Thesaurus:attack
  • (have sex with): bang, ram, smash; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
  • (smoke marijuana): smoke up, toke
Antonyms
  • (manage to touch in the right place): miss
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

hit (plural hits)

  1. A blow; a punch; a striking against; the collision of one body against another; the stroke that touches anything.
    • So he the fam’d Cilician fencer prais’d, / And, at each hit, with wonder seem’d amaz’d.
    The hit was very slight.
  2. Something very successful, such as a song, film, or video game, that receives widespread recognition and acclaim.
  3. An attack on a location, person or people.
  4. A collision of a projectile with the target.
    1. In the game of Battleship, a correct guess at where one’s opponent ship is.
  5. (computing, Internet) A match found by searching a computer system or search engine
  6. (Internet) A measured visit to a web site, a request for a single file from a web server.
    My site received twice as many hits after being listed in a search engine.
  7. An approximately correct answer in a test set.
  8. (baseball) The complete play, when the batter reaches base without the benefit of a walk, error, or fielder’s choice.
    The catcher got a hit to lead off the fifth.
  9. (colloquial) A dose of an illegal or addictive drug.
    Where am I going to get my next hit?
  10. A premeditated murder done for criminal or political purposes.
  11. (dated) A peculiarly apt expression or turn of thought; a phrase which hits the mark.
    a happy hit
  12. (backgammon) A move that throws one of the opponent’s men back to the entering point.
  13. (backgammon) A game won after the adversary has removed some of his men. It counts for less than a gammon.
Antonyms
  • (a punch): miss
  • (success): flop, turkey
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Adjective

hit (not comparable)

  1. Very successful.
    The band played their hit song to the delight of the fans.

Etymology 2

From Middle English hit (it), from Old English hit (it), from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with Dutch het (it). More at it. Note ‘it.

Pronoun

hit (subjective and objective hit, reflexive and intensive hitself, possessive adjective and noun hits)

  1. (dialectal) It.
    • 1922, Philip Gengembre Hubert, The Atlantic monthly, Volume 130:
      But how hit was to come about didn’t appear.
    • 1998, Nancy A. Walker, What’s so funny?: humor in American culture:
      Now, George, grease it good, an’ let hit slide down the hill hits own way.
Derived terms
  • hits
  • hitself

Anagrams

  • Thi, iht, ith, thi-

Alemannic German

Alternative forms

  • hüt, hüüd (Uri)

Etymology

From Old High German hiutu, from hiu +‎ tagu, a calque of Latin hodie. Cognate with German heute, Dutch heden.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɪt/

Adverb

hit

  1. (Alsatian) today

Catalan

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/

Noun

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (something very successful)
    Synonym: èxit

References


Chamorro

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kita, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kita. Doublet of ta.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/

Pronoun

hit

  1. we, us (inclusive)

Usage notes

  • hit is used either as a subject of an intransitive verb or as an object of a transitive verb, while ta is used as a subject of a transitive verb.
  • In transitive clauses with an indefinite object, hit can be used as a subject.

See also

References

  • Donald M. Topping (1973) Chamorro Reference Grammar[6], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Czech

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɪt/

Noun

hit m

  1. hit (a success, especially in the entertainment industry)
    Synonym: šlágr

Danish

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/, [ˈhid̥]

Noun

hit n (singular definite hittet, plural indefinite hit or hits)

  1. hit (something very successful)

Inflection

Further reading

  • “hit” in Den Danske Ordbog

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɪt/
  • Hyphenation: hit
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English hit.

Noun

hit m (plural hits, diminutive hitje n)

  1. A hit song, a very popular and successful song.
  2. (by extension) A success, something popular and successful (especially in the entertainment industry).
Derived terms
  • feesthit
  • kersthit
  • zomerhit

Etymology 2

Shortening of Hitlander (Shetlander).

Noun

hit m (plural hitten, diminutive hitje n or hitske n)

  1. (dated) A Shetland pony.
  2. (dated, regional) Any pony or small horse.
Derived terms
  • daghit

Hungarian

Etymology

From hisz (to believe).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhit]
  • Rhymes: -it

Noun

hit (plural hitek)

  1. faith, belief
  2. (archaic) oath, word of honour (e.g. in hitves and hitet tesz)

Declension

Derived terms

(Expressions):

  • hitet tesz

Further reading

  • hit in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Lashi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/

Adverb

hit

  1. here

Determiner

hit

  1. this

References

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[7], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Limburgish

Etymology

From Dutch hit, from English hit.

Noun

hit f

  1. (slang, Dutch) something popular (book, song, band, country)

Usage notes

Slang. Mainly used when speaking Dutch, rather than in real Limburgish. Overall speaking, Limburgish is more conservative, therefore slaag is more often used.

Inflection

  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.
  • The dative got out of use around 1900. As this is a recent loanword, there is no conjugation for it to be found.

Middle Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɪt/

Pronoun

hit

  1. Alternative form of het

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • hyt, hitt, hitte, hytte, it, yt, itt, jt, itte

Etymology

From Old English hit, from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/, /it/

Pronoun

hit (accusative hit, genitive hit, his, possessive determiner hit, his)

  1. Third-person singular neuter pronoun: it
  2. Sometimes used in reference to a child or man: he, she
  3. Third-person singular neuter accusative pronoun: it
  4. Third-person singular neuter genitive pronoun: its
  5. (impersonal, placeholder) Third-person singular impersonal placeholder pronoun: it

Descendants

  • English: it
  • Scots: hid

See also

Determiner

hit (nominative pronoun hit)

  1. Third-person singular neuter possessive determiner: it

References

  • “hit, pron.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 27 May 2018.

Min Nan


Norwegian Bokmål

Adverb

hit

  1. here (to this place)

References

  • “hit” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hiːt/

Adverb

hit

  1. here (to this place)

References

  • “hit” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *hit.

Pronoun

hit

  1. it

Alternative forms

  • it

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: het
    • Dutch: het (only the pronoun; the definite article is a weakened form of dat)
    • Limburgish: hèt

Further reading

  • “hit”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English

Alternative forms

  • hitt

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with Old Frisian hit (it), Old High German iz (it), Gothic ???????????????? (hita, it). More at .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xit/, [hit]

Pronoun

hit n (accusative hit, genitive his, dative him)

  1. it

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: hit, hyt, hitt, hitte, hytte, it, yt, itt, jt, itte
    • English: it
    • Scots: hid

Old Norse

Etymology

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Article

hit

  1. neuter nominative/accusative singular of hinn

Declension


Polish

Etymology

From English hit, from Middle English hitten, from Old English hittan, from Old Norse hitta, from Proto-Germanic *hittijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂eyd-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xʲit/

Noun

hit m inan

  1. hit (a success, especially in the entertainment industry)

Declension

Further reading

  • hit in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hit in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From English hit.

Noun

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (success, especially in the entertainment industry)
    Synonym: sucesso

Further reading

  • “hit” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxit/, [ˈxit̪]

Noun

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (success)
    Synonym: éxito

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish hit, from *+at.

  • , from Proto-Indo-European *kei- (as in Ancient Greek ἐκεῖ (ekeî))
  • at, from Proto-Germanic *at, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (as in Swedish åt)

Composed in a similar way: Icelandic hegat and hingað.

Pronunciation

Adverb

hit (not comparable)

  1. here; to this place, hither
Antonyms
  • dit
Related terms
  • hitåt
See also
  • hit och dit
  • här

Etymology 2

From English hit.

Noun

hit c

  1. (informal) hit; something very popular. (A book, a movie, a song, …)


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃuːt/
  • Rhymes: -uːt
  • Homophone: chute

Etymology 1

From Middle English shoten, from Old English scēotan, from Proto-West Germanic *skeutan, from Proto-Germanic *skeutaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kéwd-e-ti, from *(s)kewd- (to shoot, throw).

Verb

shoot (third-person singular simple present shoots, present participle shooting, simple past shot, past participle shot or (rare) shotten)

  1. To launch a projectile.
    1. (transitive) To fire (a weapon that releases a projectile).
    2. (transitive) To fire (a projectile).
      Synonym: (of an arrow) loose
    3. (transitive) To fire a projectile at (a person or target).
    4. (intransitive) To cause a weapon to discharge a projectile.
    5. (intransitive) To hunt birds, etc. with a gun.
    6. (transitive) To hunt on (a piece of land); to kill game in or on.
      • 1969, Game Conservancy (Great Britain), Annual Review (issues 1-8, page 16)
        Although the estate had been shot previously, there had been no effective keepering and little success with the pheasants released.
    7. (gambling) To throw dice.
      • 1980, John Scarne, Scarne on Dice (page 275)
        Then, when it was his turn to shoot, he reached out with a completely empty hand and caught the dice the stickman threw to him.
    8. (transitive, slang) To ejaculate.
    9. (intransitive, usually, as imperative) To begin to speak.
    10. (intransitive) To discharge a missile; said of a weapon.
    11. (transitive, figuratively) To dismiss or do away with.
    12. (transitive, intransitive, analogous) To photograph.
    13. (transitive, intransitive, analogous, film, television) To film.
    14. (transitive) To push or thrust a bolt quickly; hence, to open a lock.
  2. To move or act quickly or suddenly.
    1. (intransitive) To move very quickly and suddenly.
      • There shot a streaming lamp along the sky.
      • 1884: Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII
        It didn’t take me long to get there. I shot past the head at a ripping rate, the current was so swift, and then I got into the dead water and landed on the side towards the Illinois shore.
    2. To go over or pass quickly through.
      • She […] shoots the Stygian sound.
      • 2005, R. G. Crouch, The Coat: The Origin and Times of Doggett’s Famous Wager (page 40)
        It was approaching the time when watermen would not shoot the bridge even without a passenger aboard.
    3. (transitive) To tip (something, especially coal) down a chute.
    4. (transitive) To penetrate, like a missile; to dart with a piercing sensation.
      • Thy words shoot through my heart.
    5. (obsolete, intransitive) To feel a quick, darting pain; to throb in pain.
      • These preachers make / His head to shoot and ache.
    6. (obsolete) To change form suddenly; especially, to solidify.
      • 1802, Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, Query VII.
        The north-east [wind] is loaded with vapor, insomuch, that the salt-makers have found that their crystals would not shoot while that blows.
    7. To send out or forth, especially with a rapid or sudden motion; to cast with the hand; to hurl; to discharge; to emit.
      • c. 1608-1610, Beaumont and Fletcher, The Coxcomb
        an honest weaver as ever shot shuttle
    8. (informal, transitive) To send to someone.
  3. (sports) To act or achieve.
    1. (wrestling) To lunge.
    2. (professional wrestling) To deviate from kayfabe, either intentionally or accidentally; to actually connect with unchoreographed fighting blows and maneuvers, or speak one’s mind (instead of an agreed script).
    3. To make the stated score.
  4. (surveying) To measure the distance and direction to (a point).
  5. (transitive, intransitive, colloquial) To inject a drug (such as heroin) intravenously.
  6. To develop, move forward.
    1. To germinate; to bud; to sprout.
      • 1709, John Dryden, Georgics
        But the wild olive shoots, and shades the ungrateful plain.
    2. To grow; to advance.
      • Well shot in years he seemed.
      • 1728, James Thomson, “Spring”
        Delightful task! to rear the tender thought, / To teach the young idea how to shoot.
    3. (nautical) To move ahead by force of momentum, as a sailing vessel when the helm is put hard alee.
    4. (transitive) To travel or ride on (breaking waves) rowards the shore.
    5. To push or thrust forward; to project; to protrude; often with out.
      • They shoot out the lip, they shake the head.
      • Beware the secret snake that shoots a sting.
  7. To protrude; to jut; to project; to extend.
    • 1836, Charles Dickens, The Pickwick Papers Chapter 49
      There shot up against the dark sky, tall, gaunt, straggling houses.
  8. (carpentry) To plane straight; to fit by planing.
    • 1677, Joseph Moxon, Mechanick Exercises: Or, The Doctrine of Handy-works
      two Pieces of Wood are Shot (that is Plained) or else they are Pared […] with a Pairing-chissel
  9. To variegate as if by sprinkling or intermingling; to color in spots or patches.W
    • ?, Alfred Tennyson, The Dying Swan
      The tangled water courses slept, / Shot over with purple, and green, and yellow.
  10. (card games) To shoot the moon.
  11. (aviation) To carry out, or attempt to carry out (an approach to an airport runway).
  12. To carry out a seismic survey with geophones in an attempt to detect oil.
    • 1986, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Moratoria: Hearing (page 438)
      Once the area is ready to “shoot,” the seismic crew places geophones and cables along the line of the profile to be recorded.
Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:shoot.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Catalan: xut
  • Greek: σουτ (sout)
  • Persian: شوت(šut)
  • Portuguese: chuto, chute
  • Romanian: șut
  • Vietnamese: sút
Translations

Noun

shoot (plural shoots)

  1. The emerging stem and embryonic leaves of a new plant.
    • Prune off yet also superfluous branches, and shoots of this second spring.
  2. A photography session.
  3. A hunt or shooting competition.
  4. (professional wrestling, slang) An event that is unscripted or legitimate.
  5. The act of shooting; the discharge of a missile; a shot.
    • 1612, Michael Drayton, Poly-Olbion
      One underneath his horse to get a shoot doth stalk.
  6. A rush of water; a rapid.
  7. (weaving) A weft thread shot through the shed by the shuttle; a pick.
  8. A shoat; a young pig.
  9. (mining) A vein of ore running in the same general direction as the lode.
    • 1901, Frank Lee Hess, pubs.usgs.gov report. Rare Metals. TIN, TUNGSTEN, AND TANTALUM IN SOUTH DAKOTA.
      In the western dike is a shoot about 4 feet in diameter carrying a considerable sprinkling of cassiterite, ore which in quantity would undoubtedly be worth mining. The shoot contains a large amount of muscovite mica with quartz and very little or no feldspar…
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  10. An inclined plane, either artificial or natural, down which timber, coal, ore, etc., are caused to slide; a chute.
    • 1891, New South Wales. Supreme Court, The New South Wales Law Reports (volume 12, page 238)
      That there was no evidence before the jury that at the time of the accident the timber shoot was worked by the defendant company.
  11. (card games) The act of taking all point cards in one hand.
  12. A seismic survey carried out with geophones in an attempt to detect oil.
    • 1980, The Williston Basin, 1980 (page 159)
      Once the last line of cable has been retrieved, there is little evidence that a shoot has been conducted.
Derived terms
  • (hunt or shooting competition): turkey shoot
Descendants
  • Catalan: xut
  • Portuguese: chuto
Translations

Etymology 2

Minced oath for shit.

Interjection

shoot

  1. A mild expletive, expressing disbelief or disdain
    Didn’t you have a concert tonight?
    Shoot! I forgot! I have to go and get ready…
Synonyms
  • (mild expletive): darn, dash, fiddlesticks, shucks, sugar
Translations

Anagrams

  • Hoots, Htoos, Sotho, hoots, sooth, toosh

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