hit vs strike what difference

what is difference between hit and strike

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hĭt, IPA(key): /hɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

From Middle English hitten (to hit, strike, make contact with), from Old English hittan (to meet with, come upon, fall in with), from Old Norse hitta (to strike, meet), from Proto-Germanic *hittijaną (to come upon, find), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂eyd- (to fall; fall upon; hit; cut; hew).

Cognate with Icelandic hitta (to meet), Danish hitte (to find), Latin caedō (to kill), Albanian qit (to hit, throw, pull out, release).

Verb

hit (third-person singular simple present hits, present participle hitting, simple past hit or (dialectal, obsolete) hat or (rare, dialectal) het, past participle hit or (archaic, rare, dialectal) hitten)

  1. (heading, physical) To strike.
    1. (transitive) To administer a blow to, directly or with a weapon or missile.
      • 1922-1927, Frank Harris, My Life and Loves
        He tried to hit me but I dodged the blow and went out to plot revenge.
      • 1934, Robert E. Howard, The Slugger’s Game
        I hunted him for half a hour, aiming to learn him to hit a man with a table-leg and then run, but I didn’t find him.
    2. (transitive) To come into contact with forcefully and suddenly.
      • a dozen apples, each of them near as large as a Bristol barrel, came tumbling about my ears; one of them hit me on the back as I chanced to stoop, and knocked me down flat on my face.
      • 1882, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Doctor Grimshawe’s Secret: A romance
        Meanwhile the street boys kept up a shower of mud balls, many of which hit the Doctor, while the rest were distributed upon his assailants.
    3. (intransitive) To strike against something.
      • If bodies be extension alone, [] how can they move and hit one against another?
    4. (transitive) To activate a button or key by pressing and releasing it.
    5. (transitive, slang) To kill a person, usually on the instructions of a third party.
      • 1973, Mario Puzo, Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather Part II (screenplay, second draft)
        FREDO: Mikey, why would they ever hit poor old Frankie Five-Angels? I loved that ole sonuvabitch.
    6. (transitive, military) To attack, especially amphibiously.
  2. (transitive) To manage to touch (a target) in the right place.
    I hit the jackpot.
    Antonym: miss
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To switch on.
    Antonyms: cut, kill
    Somebody’s been here! Hit the lights!
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To briefly visit.
  5. (transitive, informal) To encounter an obstacle or other difficulty.
  6. (heading) To attain, to achieve.
    1. (transitive, informal) To reach or achieve.
      • 2012, August 1. Owen Gibson in Guardian Unlimited, London 2012: rowers Glover and Stanning win Team GB’s first gold medal:
        And her success with Glover, a product of the National Lottery-funded Sporting Giants talent identification programme, will also spark relief among British officials who were starting to fret a little about hitting their target of equalling fourth in the medal table from Beijing.
    2. (intransitive) To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed, often by luck.
    3. To guess; to light upon or discover.
  7. (transitive) To affect negatively.
  8. (figuratively) To attack.
  9. (heading, games) To make a play.
    1. (transitive, card games) In blackjack, to deal a card to.
    2. (intransitive, baseball) To come up to bat.
    3. (backgammon) To take up, or replace by a piece belonging to the opposing player; said of a single unprotected piece on a point.
  10. (transitive, computing, programming) To use; to connect to.
  11. (transitive, US, slang) To have sex with.
  12. (transitive, US, slang) To inhale an amount of smoke from a narcotic substance, particularly marijuana.
Synonyms
  • (administer a blow): beat, pelt, thump; see also Thesaurus:hit
  • (kill a person): bump off, do away with, whack; see also Thesaurus:kill
  • (attack): beset, fall upon, lay into; see also Thesaurus:attack
  • (have sex with): bang, ram, smash; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
  • (smoke marijuana): smoke up, toke
Antonyms
  • (manage to touch in the right place): miss
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

hit (plural hits)

  1. A blow; a punch; a striking against; the collision of one body against another; the stroke that touches anything.
    • So he the fam’d Cilician fencer prais’d, / And, at each hit, with wonder seem’d amaz’d.
    The hit was very slight.
  2. Something very successful, such as a song, film, or video game, that receives widespread recognition and acclaim.
  3. An attack on a location, person or people.
  4. A collision of a projectile with the target.
    1. In the game of Battleship, a correct guess at where one’s opponent ship is.
  5. (computing, Internet) A match found by searching a computer system or search engine
  6. (Internet) A measured visit to a web site, a request for a single file from a web server.
    My site received twice as many hits after being listed in a search engine.
  7. An approximately correct answer in a test set.
  8. (baseball) The complete play, when the batter reaches base without the benefit of a walk, error, or fielder’s choice.
    The catcher got a hit to lead off the fifth.
  9. (colloquial) A dose of an illegal or addictive drug.
    Where am I going to get my next hit?
  10. A premeditated murder done for criminal or political purposes.
  11. (dated) A peculiarly apt expression or turn of thought; a phrase which hits the mark.
    a happy hit
  12. (backgammon) A move that throws one of the opponent’s men back to the entering point.
  13. (backgammon) A game won after the adversary has removed some of his men. It counts for less than a gammon.
Antonyms
  • (a punch): miss
  • (success): flop, turkey
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Adjective

hit (not comparable)

  1. Very successful.
    The band played their hit song to the delight of the fans.

Etymology 2

From Middle English hit (it), from Old English hit (it), from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with Dutch het (it). More at it. Note ‘it.

Pronoun

hit (subjective and objective hit, reflexive and intensive hitself, possessive adjective and noun hits)

  1. (dialectal) It.
    • 1922, Philip Gengembre Hubert, The Atlantic monthly, Volume 130:
      But how hit was to come about didn’t appear.
    • 1998, Nancy A. Walker, What’s so funny?: humor in American culture:
      Now, George, grease it good, an’ let hit slide down the hill hits own way.
Derived terms
  • hits
  • hitself

Anagrams

  • Thi, iht, ith, thi-

Alemannic German

Alternative forms

  • hüt, hüüd (Uri)

Etymology

From Old High German hiutu, from hiu +‎ tagu, a calque of Latin hodie. Cognate with German heute, Dutch heden.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɪt/

Adverb

hit

  1. (Alsatian) today

Catalan

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/

Noun

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (something very successful)
    Synonym: èxit

References


Chamorro

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kita, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kita. Doublet of ta.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/

Pronoun

hit

  1. we, us (inclusive)

Usage notes

  • hit is used either as a subject of an intransitive verb or as an object of a transitive verb, while ta is used as a subject of a transitive verb.
  • In transitive clauses with an indefinite object, hit can be used as a subject.

See also

References

  • Donald M. Topping (1973) Chamorro Reference Grammar[6], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Czech

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɪt/

Noun

hit m

  1. hit (a success, especially in the entertainment industry)
    Synonym: šlágr

Danish

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/, [ˈhid̥]

Noun

hit n (singular definite hittet, plural indefinite hit or hits)

  1. hit (something very successful)

Inflection

Further reading

  • “hit” in Den Danske Ordbog

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɪt/
  • Hyphenation: hit
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English hit.

Noun

hit m (plural hits, diminutive hitje n)

  1. A hit song, a very popular and successful song.
  2. (by extension) A success, something popular and successful (especially in the entertainment industry).
Derived terms
  • feesthit
  • kersthit
  • zomerhit

Etymology 2

Shortening of Hitlander (Shetlander).

Noun

hit m (plural hitten, diminutive hitje n or hitske n)

  1. (dated) A Shetland pony.
  2. (dated, regional) Any pony or small horse.
Derived terms
  • daghit

Hungarian

Etymology

From hisz (to believe).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhit]
  • Rhymes: -it

Noun

hit (plural hitek)

  1. faith, belief
  2. (archaic) oath, word of honour (e.g. in hitves and hitet tesz)

Declension

Derived terms

(Expressions):

  • hitet tesz

Further reading

  • hit in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Lashi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/

Adverb

hit

  1. here

Determiner

hit

  1. this

References

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[7], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Limburgish

Etymology

From Dutch hit, from English hit.

Noun

hit f

  1. (slang, Dutch) something popular (book, song, band, country)

Usage notes

Slang. Mainly used when speaking Dutch, rather than in real Limburgish. Overall speaking, Limburgish is more conservative, therefore slaag is more often used.

Inflection

  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.
  • The dative got out of use around 1900. As this is a recent loanword, there is no conjugation for it to be found.

Middle Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɪt/

Pronoun

hit

  1. Alternative form of het

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • hyt, hitt, hitte, hytte, it, yt, itt, jt, itte

Etymology

From Old English hit, from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hit/, /it/

Pronoun

hit (accusative hit, genitive hit, his, possessive determiner hit, his)

  1. Third-person singular neuter pronoun: it
  2. Sometimes used in reference to a child or man: he, she
  3. Third-person singular neuter accusative pronoun: it
  4. Third-person singular neuter genitive pronoun: its
  5. (impersonal, placeholder) Third-person singular impersonal placeholder pronoun: it

Descendants

  • English: it
  • Scots: hid

See also

Determiner

hit (nominative pronoun hit)

  1. Third-person singular neuter possessive determiner: it

References

  • “hit, pron.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 27 May 2018.

Min Nan


Norwegian Bokmål

Adverb

hit

  1. here (to this place)

References

  • “hit” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hiːt/

Adverb

hit

  1. here (to this place)

References

  • “hit” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *hit.

Pronoun

hit

  1. it

Alternative forms

  • it

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: het
    • Dutch: het (only the pronoun; the definite article is a weakened form of dat)
    • Limburgish: hèt

Further reading

  • “hit”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English

Alternative forms

  • hitt

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with Old Frisian hit (it), Old High German iz (it), Gothic ???????????????? (hita, it). More at .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xit/, [hit]

Pronoun

hit n (accusative hit, genitive his, dative him)

  1. it

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: hit, hyt, hitt, hitte, hytte, it, yt, itt, jt, itte
    • English: it
    • Scots: hid

Old Norse

Etymology

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Article

hit

  1. neuter nominative/accusative singular of hinn

Declension


Polish

Etymology

From English hit, from Middle English hitten, from Old English hittan, from Old Norse hitta, from Proto-Germanic *hittijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂eyd-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xʲit/

Noun

hit m inan

  1. hit (a success, especially in the entertainment industry)

Declension

Further reading

  • hit in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hit in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From English hit.

Noun

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (success, especially in the entertainment industry)
    Synonym: sucesso

Further reading

  • “hit” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish

Etymology

From English hit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxit/, [ˈxit̪]

Noun

hit m (plural hits)

  1. hit (success)
    Synonym: éxito

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish hit, from *+at.

  • , from Proto-Indo-European *kei- (as in Ancient Greek ἐκεῖ (ekeî))
  • at, from Proto-Germanic *at, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (as in Swedish åt)

Composed in a similar way: Icelandic hegat and hingað.

Pronunciation

Adverb

hit (not comparable)

  1. here; to this place, hither
Antonyms
  • dit
Related terms
  • hitåt
See also
  • hit och dit
  • här

Etymology 2

From English hit.

Noun

hit c

  1. (informal) hit; something very popular. (A book, a movie, a song, …)


English

Etymology

From Middle English stryken, from Old English strīcan, from Proto-Germanic *strīkaną, from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (to stroke, rub, press). Cognate with Dutch strijken, German streichen, Danish stryge, Icelandic strýkja, strýkva.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /stɹaɪk/
  • Rhymes: -aɪk

Verb

strike (third-person singular simple present strikes, present participle striking, simple past struck or (obsolete) strook, past participle struck or (see usage notes) stricken or (archaic) strucken)

  1. (transitive, sometimes with out or through) To delete or cross out; to scratch or eliminate.
  2. (physical) To have a sharp or sudden effect.
    1. (transitive) To hit.
    2. (transitive) To give, as a blow; to impel, as with a blow; to give a force to; to dash; to cast.
    3. (intransitive) To deliver a quick blow or thrust; to give blows.
    4. (transitive) To manufacture, as by stamping.
    5. (intransitive, dated) To run upon a rock or bank; to be stranded; to run aground.
    6. (transitive) To cause to sound by one or more beats; to indicate or notify by audible strokes. Of a clock, to announce (an hour of the day), usually by one or more sounds.
    7. (intransitive) To sound by percussion, with blows, or as if with blows.
    8. (transitive) To cause or produce by a stroke, or suddenly, as by a stroke.
    9. (transitive) To cause to ignite by friction.
  3. (transitive) To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate.
  4. (personal, social) To have a sharp or severe effect.
    1. (transitive) To punish; to afflict; to smite.
    2. (intransitive) To carry out a violent or illegal action.
    3. (intransitive) To act suddenly, especially in a violent or criminal way.
    4. (transitive, figuratively) To impinge upon.
    5. (intransitive) To stop working as a protest to achieve better working conditions.
      Synonym: strike work
      • 1889, New York (State). Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics, Annual Report (part 2, page 127)
        Two men were put to work who could not set their looms; a third man was taken on who helped the inefficients to set the looms. The other weavers thought this was a breach of their union rules and 18 of them struck []
    6. (transitive) To impress, seem or appear (to).
    7. (transitive) To create an impression.
    8. (sports) To score a goal.
    9. To make a sudden impression upon, as if by a blow; to affect with some strong emotion.
    10. To affect by a sudden impression or impulse.
    11. (intransitive, Britain, obsolete, slang) To steal or rob; to take forcibly or fraudulently.
    12. (slang, archaic) To borrow money from; to make a demand upon.
  5. To touch; to act by appulse.
  6. (transitive) To take down, especially in the following contexts.
    1. (nautical) To haul down or lower (a flag, mast, etc.)
    2. (by extension) To capitulate; to signal a surrender by hauling down the colours.
    3. To dismantle and take away (a theater set; a tent; etc.).
      • 1979, Texas Monthly (volume 7, number 8, page 109)
        The crew struck the set with a ferocity hitherto unseen, an army more valiant in retreat than advance.
    4. To unfasten, to loosen (chains, bonds, etc.).
  7. (intransitive) To set off on a walk or trip.
  8. (intransitive) To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate.
  9. (dated) To break forth; to commence suddenly; with into.
  10. (intransitive) To become attached to something; said of the spat of oysters.
  11. To make and ratify.
  12. To level (a measure of grain, salt, etc.) with a straight instrument, scraping off what is above the level of the top.
  13. (masonry) To cut off (a mortar joint, etc.) even with the face of the wall, or inward at a slight angle.
  14. To hit upon, or light upon, suddenly.
  15. (sugar-making, obsolete) To lade thickened sugar cane juice from a teache into a cooler.
  16. To stroke or pass lightly; to wave.
  17. (obsolete) To advance; to cause to go forward; used only in the past participle.
  18. To balance (a ledger or account).

Usage notes

  • The past participle of strike is usually struck (e.g. He’d struck it rich, or When the clock had struck twelve, etc.); stricken is significantly rarer. However, it is still found in transitive constructions where the subject is the object of an implied action, especially in the phrases “stricken with/by (an affliction)” or “stricken (something) from the record” (e.g. The Court has stricken the statement from the record, or The city was stricken with disease, etc.). Except for in these contexts, stricken is almost never found in informal or colloquial speech.

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

strike (plural strikes)

  1. (baseball) A status resulting from a batter swinging and missing a pitch, or not swinging at a pitch when the ball goes in the strike zone, or hitting a foul ball that is not caught.
    • 1996, Lyle Lovett, “Her First Mistake” on The Road to Ensenada:
      It was then I knew I had made my third mistake. Yes, three strikes right across the plate, and as I hollered “Honey, please wait” she was gone.
  2. (bowling) The act of knocking down all ten pins in on the first roll of a frame.
  3. A work stoppage (or otherwise concerted stoppage of an activity) as a form of protest.
    Synonym: walkout
    Antonyms: industrial peace, lockout
  4. A blow or application of physical force against something.
    • 1996, Annie Proulx, Accordion Crimes
      [] and they could hear the rough sound, could hear too the first strikes of rain as though called down by the music.
    • 2008, Lich King, “Attack of the Wrath of the War of the Death of the Strike of the Sword of the Blood of the Beast”, Toxic Zombie Onslaught
  5. (finance) In an option contract, the price at which the holder buys or sells if they choose to exercise the option.
  6. (historical) An old English measure of corn equal to the bushel.
  7. (cricket) The status of being the batsman that the bowler is bowling at.
  8. The primary face of a hammer, opposite the peen.
  9. (geology) The compass direction of the line of intersection between a rock layer and the surface of the Earth.
  10. An instrument with a straight edge for levelling a measure of grain, salt, etc., scraping off what is above the level of the top; a strickle.
  11. (obsolete) Fullness of measure; hence, excellence of quality.
  12. An iron pale or standard in a gate or fence.
  13. (ironworking) A puddler’s stirrer.
  14. (obsolete) The extortion of money, or the attempt to extort money, by threat of injury; blackmail.
  15. The discovery of a source of something.
  16. The strike plate of a door.
  17. (fishing) A nibble on the bait by a fish.
    • 2014, Michael Gorman, Effective Stillwater Fly Fishing (page 87)
      I must admit that my focus was divided, which limited my fishing success. I made a few casts, then arranged my inanimate subjects and took photos. When my indicator went down on my first strike, I cleanly missed the hook up.

Derived terms

Translations

Descendants

  • German: streiken

References

Further reading

  • strike in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • Farmer, John Stephen (1904) Slang and Its Analogues[2], volume 7, page 12

Anagrams

  • Kister, kiters, trikes

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stʁajk/

Noun

strike m (plural strikes)

  1. (bowling) a strike

Derived terms

  • striker

Related terms

  • spare

Italian

Noun

strike m (invariable)

  1. strike (in baseball and ten-pin bowling)

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English strike.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈstɾajk/, /is.ˈtɾaj.ki/

Noun

strike m (plural strikes)

  1. (bowling) strike (the act of knocking down all pins)
  2. (baseball) strike (the act of missing a swing at the ball)

Spanish

Etymology

From English strike.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɾaik/, [ˈst̪ɾai̯k]
  • IPA(key): /esˈtɾaik/, [esˈt̪ɾai̯k]

Noun

strike m (plural strikes)

  1. (baseball) strike
  2. (bowling) strike

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