hobby vs hobbyhorse what difference

what is difference between hobby and hobbyhorse

English

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɒbi
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɒ.bi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɑ.bi/

Etymology 1

Shortened from hobby-horse, from Middle English hoby, hobyn, hobin (small horse, pony), from Old French hobi, *haubi, haubby, hobin (“a nag, hobby”; > Modern French aubin, Italian ubino), of Germanic origin: from Old French hober, ober (to stir, move), from Old Dutch hobben (to toss, move up and down); or from North Germanic origin related to Danish hoppe (a mare), Old Swedish hoppa (a young mare), North Frisian hoppe (horse); both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *huppōną (to hop), from Proto-Indo-European *kewb- (to bend; a bend, joint). More at hop, hobble.

The meaning of hobby-horse shifted from “small horse, pony” to “child’s toy riding horse” to “favorite pastime or avocation” with the connecting notion being “activity that doesn’t go anywhere”. Possibly originally from a proper name for a horse, a diminutive of Robert or Robin (compare dobbin).

Noun

hobby (plural hobbies)

  1. An activity that one enjoys doing in one’s spare time.
  2. (equestrianism) An extinct breed of horse native to the British Isles, also known as the Irish Hobby
Synonyms
  • (activity done for enjoyment in spare time): avocation, pastime; See also Thesaurus:hobby
Derived terms
  • hobbyist (noun)
Related terms
  • hobbyhorse (noun)
  • hobelar/hobeler
Descendants
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old French hobet, from Medieval Latin hopētus, diminutive of harpe.

Noun

hobby (plural hobbies)

  1. Any of four species of small falcons in the genus Falco, especially Falco subbuteo.
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, page 323:
      He hawked – from nearby Esher, Richard Fox sent a servant with a hobby, which Henry received enthusiastically – and hunted, sending a present of freshly slaughtered deer to Princess Mary.
Derived terms
  • African hobby, Falco cuvierii
  • Australian hobby, Falco longipennis
  • Eurasian hobby, Falco subbuteo
  • Oriental hobby, Falco severus
Translations

See also

  • hobby lantern

Catalan

Etymology

From English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɔbi/, [ˈhɔβi]

Noun

hobby m (plural hobbies)

  1. hobby
    Synonym: passatemps

References

Further reading

  • “hobby” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “hobby” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.

Czech

Noun

hobby n

  1. hobby (activity)

Danish

Etymology

From English hobby.

Noun

hobby c (singular definite hobbyen, plural indefinite hobbyer)

  1. hobby (activity)

Inflection

Synonyms

  • fritidsinteresse

Further reading

  • “hobby” in Den Danske Ordbog

Dutch

Etymology

From English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: hob‧by

Noun

hobby m (plural hobby’s, diminutive hobby’tje n)

  1. hobby (activity)

Synonyms

  • liefhebberij

Finnish

Noun

hobby

  1. (nonstandard) hobby (activity)

Declension

Synonyms

  • harrastus

French

Etymology

From English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • (aspirated h) IPA(key): /ɔ.bi/

Noun

hobby m (plural hobbies or hobbys)

  1. hobby (activity)

Synonyms

  • passe-temps

Further reading

  • “hobby” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Interlingua

Noun

hobby

  1. hobby (activity)

Italian

Etymology

From English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔb.bi/

Noun

hobby m (invariable)

  1. hobby (activity)

Related terms

  • hobbysto
  • hobbystico

Further reading

  • hobby in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From English hobby.

Noun

hobby m (definite singular hobbyen, indefinite plural hobbyer, definite plural hobbyene)

  1. a hobby (leisure activity)

References

  • “hobby” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From English hobby.

Noun

hobby m (definite singular hobbyen, indefinite plural hobbyar, definite plural hobbyane)

  1. a hobby (leisure activity)

References

  • “hobby” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Etymology

Borrowed from English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxɔb.bʲi/, /ˈxɔb.bɨ/

Noun

hobby n (indeclinable)

  1. hobby (activity)

Synonyms

  • pasja
  • konik
  • zamiłowanie

Related terms

  • hobbista
  • hobbistka
  • hobbysta
  • hobbystka
  • hobbistyczny
  • hobbystyczny
  • hobbistycznie
  • hobbystycznie

Further reading

  • hobby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈhɔ.bi/

Noun

hobby m (plural hobbies)

  1. hobby (an activity that one enjoys doing in one’s spare time)
    Synonym: passatempo

Further reading

  • “hobby” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from English hobby.

Noun

hobby n (plural hobby-uri)

  1. hobby

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From English hobby.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxobi/, [ˈxo.β̞i]

Noun

hobby m (plural hobbys)

  1. hobby (activity)

Further reading

  • “hobby” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Swedish

Etymology

From English hobby.

Noun

hobby c

  1. hobby (activity)

Further reading

  • hobby in Svensk ordbok.


English

Noun

hobbyhorse (plural hobbyhorses)

  1. Alternative spelling of hobby horse

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