hock vs soak what difference

what is difference between hock and soak

English

Etymology 1

Clipping of hockamore, from the name of the German town of Hochheim am Main.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /hɒk/
  • (US) IPA(key): /hɑk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒk, -ɑk
  • Homophone: hawk (accents with cot-caught merger)

Noun

hock (countable and uncountable, plural hocks)

  1. A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still, from the Hochheim region; often applied to all Rhenish wines.
    Synonym: Hochheimer

See also

  • claret, sack, tent

Etymology 2

From Middle English hough, hoche, hokke, from Old English hōh, from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (compare West Frisian hakke, Dutch hak, German Low German Hack), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk (compare Lithuanian kìnka (leg, thigh, knee-cap), kenklė̃ (knee-cap), Sanskrit कङ्काल (kaṅkāla, skeleton)).

Noun

hock (plural hocks)

  1. The tarsal joint of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, pig or dog.
  2. Meat from that part of a food animal.
Derived terms
  • rattle one’s hocks
Translations

Verb

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (transitive) To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough.
Synonyms
  • hamstring, hough, hox
Hypernyms
  • See Thesaurus:disable

Etymology 3

From the phrase in hock, circa 1855-60, from Dutch hok (hutch, hovel, jail, pen, doghouse). Compare also Middle English hukken (to sell; peddle; sell at auction), see huck.

Verb

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To leave with a pawnbroker as security for a loan.
Translations

Noun

hock (uncountable)

  1. Pawn, obligation as collateral for a loan.
    He needed $750 to get his guitar out of hock at the pawnshop.
  2. Debt.
    They were in hock to the bank for $35 million.
  3. Installment purchase.
  4. Prison.
Derived terms
  • Hock Monday
  • Hock Tuesday

References

Etymology 4

From Yiddish האַק(hak), imperative singular form of האַקן(hakn, to knock), from the idiomatic expression האַק מיר נישט קיין טשײַניק(hak mir nisht keyn tshaynik, don’t knock a teakettle at me)

Alternative forms

  • hak

Verb

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (US) To bother; to pester; to annoy incessantly

Etymology 5

Variant of hack; from Middle English hacken, hakken, from Old English *haccian (“to hack”; attested in tōhaccian (to hack to pieces)), from Proto-Germanic *hakkōną (to chop; hoe; hew), from Proto-Indo-European *keg-, *keng- (to be sharp; peg; hook; handle).

Verb

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. To cough heavily, especially causing uvular frication.
    1. To cough while the vomit reflex is triggered; to gag.
    2. To produce mucus from coughing or clearing one’s throat.

Derived terms

  • hocker

Anagrams

  • Koch


English

Etymology

From Middle English soken, from Old English socian (to soak, steep, literally to cause to suck (up)), from Proto-Germanic *sukōną (to soak), causative of Proto-Germanic *sūkaną (to suck). Cognate with Middle Dutch soken (to cause to suck). More at suck.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: sōk, IPA(key): /səʊk/
  • Rhymes: -əʊk
  • (US) enPR: sōk, IPA(key): /soʊk/
  • Rhymes: -əʊk
  • Homophone: soke

Verb

soak (third-person singular simple present soaks, present participle soaking, simple past and past participle soaked)

  1. (intransitive) To be saturated with liquid by being immersed in it.
  2. (transitive) To immerse in liquid to the point of saturation or thorough permeation.
  3. (intransitive) To penetrate or permeate by saturation.
  4. (transitive) To allow (especially a liquid) to be absorbed; to take in, receive. (usually + up)
  5. (figuratively, transitive) To take money from.
    • 1928, Upton Sinclair, Boston
      It’s a blackmail ring, and the district attorneys get a share of the loot. [] Well, they got him in the same kind of jam, and soaked him to the tune of three hundred and eighty-six thousand.
  6. (slang, dated) To drink intemperately or gluttonously.
  7. (metallurgy, transitive) To heat (a metal) before shaping it.
  8. (ceramics, transitive) To hold a kiln at a particular temperature for a given period of time.
  9. (figuratively, transitive) To absorb; to drain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir H. Wotton to this entry?)

Derived terms

  • soak away, soakaway
  • soak up

Translations

Verb

soak (third-person singular simple present soaks, present participle soaking, simple past and past participle soaked)

  1. (transitive) (slang, boxing) To hit or strike.

Noun

soak (plural soaks)

  1. An immersion in water etc.
    After the strenuous climb, I had a nice long soak in a bath.
  2. (slang, Britain) A drunkard.
  3. (slang) A carouse; a drinking session.
  4. (Australia) A low-lying depression that fills with water after rain.
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber & Faber 2003, p. 38:
      I set off early to walk along the Melbourne Road where, one of the punters had told me, there was a soak with plenty of frogs in it.
    • 1996, Doris Pinkington, Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence, in Heiss & Minter, Macquarie PEN Anthology of Aboriginal Literature, Allen & Unwin 2008, p. 170:
      Molly and Daisy finished their breakfast and decided to take all their dirty clothes and wash them in the soak further down the river.

Synonyms

  • (drunkard): alcoholic, souse, suck-pint; See also Thesaurus:drunkard

Translations

Anagrams

  • Kosa, koas, oaks, okas

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch zwak (weak), from Middle Dutch swac, from Old Dutch *swak, from Proto-West Germanic *swak.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈsoaʔ]
  • Hyphenation: so‧ak

Adjective

soak

  1. (colloquial) weak.
    Synonym: lemah

Further reading

  • “soak” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

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