hog vs pig what difference

what is difference between hog and pig

English

Alternative forms

  • (UK, dialectal) ‘og

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɒɡ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /hɑɡ/, /hɔɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ɒɡ
  • Homophone: hogg

Etymology 1

From Middle English hog, from Old English hogg, hocg (hog), possibly from Old Norse hǫggva (to strike, chop, cut), from Proto-Germanic *hawwaną (to hew, forge), from Proto-Indo-European *kewh₂- (to beat, hew, forge). Cognate with Old High German houwan, Old Saxon hauwan, Old English hēawan (English hew). Hog originally meant a castrated male pig, hence a sense of “the cut one”. (Compare hogget for a castrated male sheep.) More at hew.
Alternatively from a Brythonic language, from Proto-Celtic *sukkos, from Proto-Indo-European *suH- and thus cognate with Welsh hwch (sow) and Cornish hogh (pig).

Noun

hog (plural hogs)

  1. Any animal belonging to the Suidae family of mammals, especially the pig, the warthog, and the boar.
  2. (specifically) An adult swine (contrasted with a pig, a young swine).
    • 2005 April, Live Swine from Canada, Investigation No. 731-TA-1076 (Final), publication 3766, April 2005, U.S. International Trade Commission →ISBN, page I-9:
      Weanlings grow into feeder pigs, and feeder pigs grow into slaughter hogs. [] Ultimately the end use for virtually all pigs and hogs is to be slaughtered for the production of pork and other products.
  3. A greedy person or thing; one who refuses to share.
  4. (slang) A large motorcycle, particularly a Harley-Davidson.
  5. (Britain) A young sheep that has not been shorn.
  6. (nautical) A rough, flat scrubbing broom for scrubbing a ship’s bottom under water.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
  7. A device for mixing and stirring the pulp from which paper is made.
  8. (Britain, historical, archaic slang, countable and uncountable) A shilling coin; its value, 12 old pence.
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, xxix
      ‘’Ere y’are, the best rig-out you ever ’ad. A tosheroon [half a crown] for the coat, two ’ogs for the trousers, one and a tanner for the boots, and a ’og for the cap and scarf. That’s seven bob.’
  9. (Britain, historical, obsolete slang, countable and uncountable) A tanner, a sixpence coin; its value.
  10. (Britain, historical, obsolete slang, countable and uncountable) A half-crown coin; its value, 30 old pence.
  11. (nautical) the effect of the middle of the hull of a ship rising while the ends droop
Hyponyms
  • (shilling coins) white hog, black hog
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

hog (third-person singular simple present hogs, present participle hogging, simple past and past participle hogged)

  1. (transitive) To greedily take more than one’s share, to take precedence at the expense of another or others.
    • 2000 DiCamillo, Kate Because of Winn-Dixie, Scholastic Inc., New York, Ch 15:
      The […] air-conditioning unit didn’t work very good, and there was only one fan; and from the minute me and Winn-Dixie got in the library, he hogged it all.
    Hey! Quit hogging all the blankets.
  2. (transitive) To clip the mane of a horse, making it short and bristly.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Smart to this entry?)
  3. (nautical) To scrub with a hog, or scrubbing broom.
  4. (transitive, nautical) To cause the keel of a ship to arch upwards (the opposite of sag).
Synonyms
  • (take greedily): bogart
Translations

Etymology 2

Verb

hog (third-person singular simple present hogs, present participle hogging, simple past and past participle hogged)

  1. (transitive) To process (bark, etc.) into hog fuel.
Derived terms
  • unhogged

Etymology 3

Clipping of quahog

Noun

hog (plural hogs)

  1. (informal) A quahog (clam)

Anagrams

  • GOH, GoH, Goh, OHG, OHG., gho

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • ogge, hogge, hoge, hooge

Etymology

From Old English hogg, hocg; further etymology is disputed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔɡ/, /hɔːɡ/

Noun

hog (plural hogges, genitive hogges)

  1. A pig or swine, especially one that is castrated and male.
  2. The meat of swine or pigs.
  3. A hogget or young sheep.

Synonyms

  • swine
  • pigge

Related terms

  • hoggeshed

Descendants

  • English: hog
  • Scots: hog, hogue

References

  • “hogge, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-03.

Volapük

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hoɡ/

Noun

hog (nominative plural hogs)

  1. hole

Declension



English

Wikispecies

Etymology 1

From Middle English pigge (pig, pigling) (originally a term for a young pig, with adult pigs being swine), apparently from Old English *picga (attested only in compounds, such as picgbrēad (mast, pig-fodder)). Compare Middle Dutch pogge, puggen, pegsken (pigling).

A connection to early modern Dutch bigge (contemporary big (piglet)), West Frisian bigge (pigling), and similar terms in Middle Low German is sometimes proposed, “but the phonology is difficult”. Some sources say the words are “almost certainly not” related, others consider a relation “probable, but not certain”.

The slang sense of “police officer” is attested since at least 1785.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɪɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Noun

pig (plural pigs)

  1. Any of several intelligent mammalian species of the genus Sus, having cloven hooves, bristles and a nose adapted for digging; especially the domesticated animal Sus domesticus.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:pig
  2. (specifically) A young swine, a piglet (contrasted with a hog, an adult swine).
    • 2005 April, Live Swine from Canada, Investigation No. 731-TA-1076 (Final), publication 3766, April 2005, U.S. International Trade Commission →ISBN, page I-9:
      Weanlings grow into feeder pigs, and feeder pigs grow into slaughter hogs. [] Ultimately the end use for virtually all pigs and hogs is to be slaughtered for the production of pork and other products.
  3. (uncountable) The edible meat of such an animal; pork.
    • 2005, Ross Eddy Osborn, Thorns of a Tainted Rose →ISBN, page 196:
      “Miss Chastene, could you fetch me out an extra plate of pig and biscuit. My partner can’t do without your marvelous cooking.”
  4. A light pinkish-red colour, like that of a pig (also called pig pink).
    • 2019, Bee Smith, Queen Bee’s Party
      So far on the streets there’s been a lot of metallic pink (the kind of pink as in the shade of pig you get, and this is exactly the shade of the diary I’ve been writing in) []
  5. (derogatory, slang) Someone who overeats or eats rapidly and noisily.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:glutton
  6. (derogatory, slang) A lecherous or sexist man.
  7. (derogatory, slang) A dirty or slovenly person.
  8. (derogatory) A very obese person.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:fat person
  9. (now chiefly US, Britain, Australia, derogatory, slang) A police officer. [From ante 1785.]
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:police officer
    • 1989, Dan Simmons, Carrion Comfort, page 359,
      “…Sounds too easy,” Marvin was saying. “What about the pigs?”
      He meant police.
    • 1990, Jay Robert Nash, Encyclopedia of World Crime: Volume 1: A-C, page 198,
      The bank robberies went on and each raid became more bloody, Meinhof encouraging her followers to “kill the pigs” offering the slightest resistance, referring to policemen.
    • 2008, Frank Kusch, Battleground Chicago: The Police and the 1968 Democratic National Convention, page 63,
      Backing 300 of the more aggressive protesters was a supporting cast of several thousand more who stared down the small line of police. Those in front resumed their taunts of “Pig, pig, fascist pig,” and “pigs eat shit, pigs eat shit.” The rest of the crowd, however, backed off and sat down on the grass when reinforcements arrived. Police did not retaliate for the name-calling, and within minutes the line of demonstrators broke apart and the incident was over without violence.113
    • 2011, T. J. English, The Savage City: Race, Murder and a Generation on the Edge, unnumbered page,
      But me, I joined the party to fight the pigs. That′s why I joined. Because my experience with the police was always negative.
  10. (informal) A difficult problem.
  11. (countable and uncountable) A block of cast metal.
  12. The mold in which a block of metal is cast.
  13. (engineering) A device for cleaning or inspecting the inside of an oil or gas pipeline, or for separating different substances within the pipeline. Named for the pig-like squealing noise made by their progress.
  14. (US, military, slang) The general-purpose M60 machine gun, considered to be heavy and bulky.
  15. (uncountable) A simple dice game in which players roll the dice as many times as they like, either accumulating a greater score or losing previous points gained.
Hyponyms
  • (mammal of genus Sus): boar, herd boar; sow, brood sow; piglet, piggy
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Torres Strait Creole: pig
  • Tok Pisin: pik
  • Abenaki: piks (from “pigs”)
  • Malecite-Passamaquoddy: piks (from “pigs”)
Translations

Verb

pig (third-person singular simple present pigs, present participle pigging, simple past and past participle pigged)

  1. (of swine) to give birth.
  2. (intransitive) To greedily consume (especially food).
    • 2009, Thomas Pynchon, Inherent Vice, Vintage 2010, page 349:
      “Wow, Doc. That’s heavy.” Denis sat there pigging on the joint as usual.
  3. (intransitive) To huddle or lie together like pigs, in one bed.
  4. (intransitive) To live together in a crowded filthy manner.
  5. (transitive, engineering) To clean (a pipeline) using a pig (the device).

Etymology 2

Origin unknown. See piggin.

Noun

pig (plural pigs)

  1. (Scotland) earthenware, or an earthenware shard
  2. An earthenware hot-water jar to warm a bed; a stone bed warmer
Derived terms

References

Anagrams

  • GIP, GPI, PGI, gip

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse pík, from Proto-Germanic *pīkaz, *pikkaz, cognate with English pike. Doublet of pik.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /piɡ/, [ˈpʰiɡ̊]
  • Homophone: pik

Noun

pig c (singular definite piggen, plural indefinite pigge)

  1. spike
  2. barb
  3. spine, quill (needle-like structure)
  4. prickle (a small, sharp pointed object, such as a thorn)

Inflection


Scots

Etymology

From Middle English pigge, pygge, from Old English *picga (pig; pigling), see English pig.

Sense of “vessel; jar” is from Middle English pygg, perhaps an extension of the above.

Noun

pig (plural pigs)

  1. pig
  2. pot, jar, earthenware

Derived terms


Torres Strait Creole

Etymology

From English pig.

Noun

pig

  1. pig
    Synonym: pwaka

Welsh

Etymology

Possibly from Middle English pyke (pike, sharp point). Cognate with Breton beg.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /piːɡ/

Noun

pig f (plural pigau)

  1. beak, bill
  2. point, spike
  3. spout

Derived terms

  • pigo (to prick, to peck, to sting)

Mutation

Further reading

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “pig”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies


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