holding vs retention what difference

what is difference between holding and retention

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hōldʹ-ĭng, IPA(key): /ˈhoːldɪŋ/
    • (General Australian) IPA(key): [ˈhəʉɫdɪŋ]
    • (UK) IPA(key): [ˈhəʊɫdɪŋ]
    • (US) IPA(key): [ˈhoʊɫdɪŋ]
  • Rhymes: -əʊldɪŋ
  • Hyphenation: hold‧ing

Noun

holding (plural holdings)

  1. Something that one owns, especially stocks and bonds.
    • 1980, Joseph D. Dwyer, Russia, the Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe (page 9)
      Although this survey lists only a small number of representative materials in the Hoover Library’s Baltic Collection, a comprehensive view of the library’s holdings can be gained from the Hoover Institution’s card catalog or its printed equivalent
    • 2009, The Economist, Law and order in Italy: Trouble with figures
      Italy’s right-wing prime minister was about to cure his biggest headache by selling the state’s holding in a troubled airline, Alitalia.
    • 2014, D. K. Acharya, Standard Methods of Contract Bridge Complete (page 378)
      The defender at third position is supposed to keep the partner informed of his holdings in that suit.
  2. A determination of law made by a court.
  3. A tenure; a farm or other estate held of another.
    • 1596, William Shakespeare, The Life and Death of King John, V. i. 3:
      Take again / From this my hand, as holding of the Pope / Your sovereign greatness and authority.
  4. (obsolete) Logic; consistency.
    • 1598, William Shakespeare, All’s Well That Ends Well, IV. ii. 27:
      This has no holding, / To swear by him whom I protest to love / That I will work against him.
  5. (obsolete) The burden or chorus of a song.
    • 1598, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Antony and Cleopatra, II. vii. 109:
      Make battery to our ears with the loud music; / The while I’ll place you; then the boy shall sing. / The holding every man shall beat as loud / As his strong sides can volley.
  6. (obsolete, rare) That which holds, binds, or influences; hold; influence; power.
    • 1770, Edmund Burke, Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents, London: J. Dodsley, page 104:
      This is one of the principal holdings of that destructive system, which has endeavoured to unhinge all the virtuous, honourable, and useful connexions in the kingdom.
  7. (in texts about Russia, nonstandard) A holding company, or other kind of company (by back-translation from Russian холдинг (xolding)).

Coordinate terms

  • (determination): finding

Translations

Descendants

  • Polish: holding

Verb

holding

  1. present participle of hold

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • hodling

French

Noun

holding m or f (plural holdings)

  1. holding company

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English holding.

Noun

holding f (invariable)

  1. holding company

Polish

Etymology

Borrowed from English holding.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxɔl.dink/

Noun

holding m inan

  1. (business) holding company

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) holdingowy

Further reading

  • holding in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • holding in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Spanish

Noun

holding m (plural holdings)

  1. holding company

Turkish

Etymology

From English holding.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔl.diɲɟ/

Noun

holding (definite accusative holdingi, plural holdingler)

  1. holding company

Declension


English

Etymology

From Middle English retencioun, borrowed from Latin retentiō, retentiōnis, from retentus, the perfect passive participle of retineō (retain) (from re- (back, again) + teneō (hold, keep)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈtɛnʃən/

Noun

retention (countable and uncountable, plural retentions)

  1. The act of retaining or something retained
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, II. iv. 95:
      No woman’s heart / So big, to hold so much; they lack retention.
  2. The act or power of remembering things
  3. A memory; what is retained in the mind
  4. (medicine) The involuntary withholding of urine and faeces
  5. (medicine) The length of time an individual remains in treatment
  6. (obsolete) That which contains something, as a tablet; a means of preserving impressions.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 122,[1]
      Thy gift, thy tables, are within my brain
      Full character’d with lasting memory,
      []
      That poor retention could not so much hold,
      Nor need I tallies thy dear love to score;
  7. (obsolete) The act of withholding; restraint; reserve.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, V. i. 79:
      His life I gave him, and did thereto add / My love without retention or restraint,
  8. (obsolete) A place of custody or confinement.
  9. (law) The right to withhold a debt, or of retaining property until a debt due to the person claiming the right is duly paid; a lien.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Erskine to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Craig to this entry?)

Derived terms

  • retention tank

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • enter into, intertone, tontineer

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