holy vs sanctum what difference

what is difference between holy and sanctum

English

Alternative forms

  • holie, hooly (archaic)
  • Holy (when referring to someone or something important)
  • ‘oly (pronunciation spelling)

Etymology

From Middle English holi, hali, from Old English hāliġ, hāleġ (holy, consecrated, sacred, venerated, godly, saintly, ecclesiastical, pacific, tame), from Proto-Germanic *hailagaz (holy, bringing health), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (healthy, whole), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole), equivalent to whole +‎ -y. Cognate with Scots haly (holy), West Frisian hillich (holy), Low German hillig (holy), Dutch heilig (holy), German heilig (holy), Danish hellig (holy), Swedish helig (holy). More at whole.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhəʊli/
  • (US) enPR: hōʹlē, IPA(key): /ˈhoʊli/
  • Rhymes: -əʊli
  • Homophones: holey, wholly

Adjective

holy (comparative holier, superlative holiest)

  1. Dedicated to a religious purpose or a god.
    I’m planning to visit the holy city of Jerusalem this Christmas.
  2. Revered in a religion.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. Morally perfect or flawless, or nearly so.
  4. Separated or set apart from (something unto something or someone else).
  5. Set apart or dedicated for a specific purpose, or for use by a single entity or person.
  6. (slang) Used as an intensifier in various interjections.
    Holy cow, I can’t believe he actually lost the race!
    Those children next door are holy terrors!

Synonyms

  • (dedicated to a religious purpose or a god): sacred
  • (revered in a religion): sacred
  • (perfect, flawless): faultless, flawless, perfect
  • (separated or set apart from something): sanctified
  • (set apart or dedicated for a specific purpose): reserved, special

Antonyms

  • (revered in a religion): profane, secular, unholy, worldly
  • (perfect, flawless): damaged, defective, faulty, flawed, imperfect
  • (set apart or dedicated for a specific purpose): common

Derived terms

Related terms

  • hallow
  • hallowed

Translations

Noun

holy (plural holies)

  1. (archaic) A thing that is extremely holy; used almost exclusively in Holy of Holies.
    • 1882, Franz von Reber, Joseph Thacher Clarke, History of Ancient Art, p. 146:
      The holy of holies, a cubical space of ten cubits on the side, was separated from the larger antechamber by four columns, which were also covered with gold and stood upon silver sockets; they bore a second curtain of four colors.

Derived terms

  • holiest of holies
  • Holy of Holies

Translations

Anagrams

  • hylo-

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English hāliġ, from Proto-Germanic *hailagaz; equivalent to hool +‎ -y.

Alternative forms

  • hooly, holi, hooli, holye, holie, holly, hoolly, holli, hoolli, oly, oli, wholy, woly, hole, hali, haly, hayly, aly, ali, hale, hely, heli, holiȝ, holiȝe, holia, halge, halege, halȝe, hallȝhe, haliȝ, haliȝe, halie

Adjective

holy (plural and weak singular holye, comparative holyere, superlative holyest)

  1. Dedicated to or separated for a religious purpose; sacred, consecrated.
  2. Characterized by virtue or perfection.
Related terms
Descendants
  • English: holy
  • Scots: haly, halie
  • Yola: holly

Noun

holy (plural holies)

  1. The state of being holy; holiness.
  2. One who is sanctified or made holy; a saint, hallow
  3. A sacred place; a sanctuary
Derived terms
  • alle goddis holy
  • holy of holies
Descendants
  • holy

References

  • “holi, adj.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 4 August 2018.
  • “holi, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 4 August 2018.

Etymology 2

From hol +‎ -y

Alternative forms

  • holi, holly, holli

Adjective

holy

  1. Full of holes or cavities; porous, spongy; hollow.
Derived terms
  • holinesse
Descendants
  • English: holey

References

  • “holi, adj.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 4 August 2018.


English

Etymology

From Latin sānctum (that which is holy).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsæŋktəm/

Noun

sanctum (plural sanctums)

  1. A place set apart, as with a sanctum sanctorum; a sacred or private place; a private retreat or workroom.

Translations


Latin

Participle

sānctum

  1. nominative neuter singular of sānctus
  2. accusative masculine singular of sānctus
  3. accusative neuter singular of sānctus
  4. vocative neuter singular of sānctus

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