hone vs perfect what difference

what is difference between hone and perfect

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /hoʊn/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /həʊn/
  • Rhymes: -əʊn

Etymology 1

From Middle English hon (whetstone), from Old English hān, from Proto-Germanic *hainō (compare Dutch heen, Norwegian hein), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₃i- (to sharpen) (compare Ancient Greek κῶνος (kônos, cone), Persian سان(sân, whetstone)).

Noun

hone (plural hones)

  1. A sharpening stone composed of extra-fine grit used for removing the burr or curl from the blade of a razor or some other edge tool.
  2. A machine tool used in the manufacture of precision bores.
Derived terms
  • hone slate
  • hone stone
Translations

Verb

hone (third-person singular simple present hones, present participle honing, simple past and past participle honed)

  1. To sharpen with a hone; to whet.
  2. To use a hone to produce a precision bore.
  3. To refine or master (a skill).
  4. To make more acute, intense, or effective.
Derived terms
  • hone in (on) (proscribed)
Translations

See also

  • grit
  • sandpaper
  • steel
  • strop
  • swarf

Etymology 2

Cognate with Icelandic hnúður.

Noun

hone (plural hones)

  1. A kind of swelling in the cheek.

Derived terms

  • honewort

Etymology 3

French hogner (to grumble).

Verb

hone (third-person singular simple present hones, present participle honing, simple past and past participle honed)

  1. (Britain, US, Southern US, dialect) To grumble.
    • c. 1515–1516, published 1568, John Skelton, Againſt venemous tongues enpoyſoned with ſclaunder and falſe detractions &c.:
      Such tunges ſhuld be torne out by the harde rootes,
      Hoyning like hogges that groynis and wrotes.
  2. (Britain, US, Southern US, dialect) To pine, lament, or long.

Etymology 4

Interjection

hone

  1. Synonym of alas Used to express sorrow, or grief
    • 1836, Joanna Baillie, Witchcraft, Act 4, page 141

Cimbrian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “expected form from *hunagą would be *honig, also neuter not masc”)

Noun

hone m

  1. (Luserna) honey

References

  • “hone” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Japanese

Romanization

hone

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ほね

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English hān, from Proto-Germanic *hainō (whetstone).

Noun

hone

  1. hone (whetstone)
Alternative forms
  • hayn, hoone
Descendants
  • English: hone
    • Scots: hone, whoon
  • Scots: hone

References

  • “hōne, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

Probably of Celtic origin. Compare Old Irish úan, ón (loan, lending) (Irish uain (loan, time, leisure)), Scottish Gaelic on, oin (loan, laziness).

Noun

hone (uncountable)

  1. (Northern, North Midland) delay, hesitation
Alternative forms
  • one, hoyne, hune
Derived terms
  • honen
Descendants
  • English: hone
  • Scots: hune

References

  • “họ̄ne, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.


English

Alternative forms

  • perfite (obsolete)
  • pf. (abbreviation, grammar)

Etymology 1

From Middle English perfit, from Old French parfit (modern: parfait), from Latin perfectus, perfect passive participle of perficere (to finish), from per- (through, thorough) + facere (to do, to make). Spelling modified 15c. to conform to Latin etymology. Doublet of parfait.

Displaced native Old English fulfremed.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɜː.fɪkt/, /ˈpɜː.fɛkt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɝfɪkt/

Adjective

perfect (comparative perfecter or more perfect, superlative perfectest or most perfect)

  1. Fitting its definition precisely.
  2. Having all of its parts in harmony with a common purpose.
  3. Without fault or mistake; thoroughly skilled or talented.
  4. Excellent and delightful in all respects.
  5. (mathematics) Of a number: equal to the sum of its proper divisors.
    6 is perfect because the sum of its proper divisors, 1, 2, and 3, which is 6, is equal to the number itself.
  6. (grammar, of a tense or verb form) Representing a completed action.
  7. (biology) Sexually mature and fully differentiated.
  8. (botany) Of flowers, having both male parts (stamens) and female parts (carpels).
  9. (mathematical analysis) Of a set: equal to its set of limit points, i.e. set A is perfect if A=A’.
  10. (music) Describing an interval or any compound interval of a unison, octave, or fourths and fifths that are not tritones.
  11. (of a cocktail) Made with equal parts of sweet and dry vermouth.
  12. (obsolete) Well informed; certain; sure.
    • I am perfect that the Pannonians and Dalmatians for their liberties are now in arms.
  13. (obsolete) Innocent, guiltless.
    • My parts, my title, and my perfect soul shall manifest me rightly.
Usage notes

Some authorities proscribe the comparative and superlative forms “more perfect” and “most perfect“, on the grounds that perfection is an absolute state. Nevertheless, graded forms have been in common use in writing for centuries – for instance the Preamble to the United States Constitution, drafted in 1787, describes its goal as “a more perfect Union”. In these cases, “more perfect” can mean “closer to perfection”, “less imperfect” or “improving upon an already perfect state”.

Synonyms
  • (fitting its definition precisely): accurate, flawless
  • (without fault or mistake): faultless, infallible
  • (thoroughly skilled or talented): expert, proficient
  • (biology: sexually mature and fully differentiated): mature
  • (botany: having both male and female parts): bisexual, hermaphroditic
  • See also Thesaurus:flawless
Antonyms
  • (fitting its definition precisely): flawed
  • (without fault or mistake): faulty, faultful, fallible
  • (botany: having both male and female parts): imperfect
Hyponyms
Coordinate terms
  • (music): augmented
  • (music): diminished
Derived terms
Related terms
  • perfect competition
  • perfect market
  • perfect number
  • perfect pitch
  • practice makes perfect
Translations

Noun

perfect (plural perfects)

  1. (grammar) The perfect tense, or a form in that tense.
  2. (video games) A perfect score; the achievement of finishing a stage or task with no mistakes.
    • 2007, Barbara Smith, Chad Yancey, Video Game Achievements and Unlockables (page 17)
      Awarded for scoring all Perfects in the Dominator rank!

Translations

Synonyms
  • (grammar): preterperfect

Etymology 2

From perfect (adjective).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pəˈfɛkt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɚˈfɛkt/

Verb

perfect (third-person singular simple present perfects, present participle perfecting, simple past and past participle perfected)

  1. (transitive) To make perfect; to improve or hone.
    I am going to perfect this article.
    You spend too much time trying to perfect your dancing.
  2. (law) To take an action, usually the filing of a document in the correct venue, that secures a legal right.
    perfect an appeal; perfect an interest; perfect a judgment
Synonyms
  • (to make perfect): enhance, hone, improve, optimize
Related terms
  • perfectation
  • perfecter
  • perfectible
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • prefect

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch perfect, from Latin perfectus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛrˈfɛkt/, /pərˈfɛkt/
  • Hyphenation: per‧fect
  • Rhymes: -ɛkt

Adjective

perfect (comparative perfecter, superlative perfectst)

  1. perfect
    Synonym: volmaakt

Inflection

Derived terms

  • imperfect
  • perfectie

Related terms

  • imperfectum
  • perfectum

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: perfek

Adverb

perfect

  1. perfectly

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin perfectus, German perfekt.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [perˈfekt]

Adjective

perfect m or n (feminine singular perfectă, masculine plural perfecți, feminine and neuter plural perfecte)

  1. perfect, flawless

Declension

Synonyms

  • desăvârșit

Antonyms

  • imperfect
  • nedesăvârșit

Adverb

perfect

  1. perfectly, completely

Noun

perfect n (uncountable)

  1. perfect tense

Derived terms

  • perfect compus
  • perfect simplu

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