honest vs honorable what difference

what is difference between honest and honorable

English

Etymology

From Middle English honest, honeste (honourable, appropriate, excellent), from Old French honeste, from Latin honestus, from honor. For the verb, see Latin honestāre (to clothe or adorn with honour), and compare French honester. Displaced Old English ferht (honest).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɒnɪst/
    • (RP dated) IPA(key): /ˈɔːnɪst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑnɪst/

Adjective

honest (comparative honester or more honest, superlative honestest or most honest)

  1. (of a person or institution) Scrupulous with regard to telling the truth; not given to swindling, lying, or fraud; upright.
    • c. 1680, William Temple, Of Popular Discontents
      A true and honest physician is excused for leaving his patient, when he finds the disease grown desperate
  2. (of a statement) True, especially as far as is known by the person making the statement; fair; unbiased.
  3. In good faith; without malice.
  4. (of a measurement device) Accurate.
  5. Authentic; full.
  6. Earned or acquired in a fair manner.
  7. Open; frank.
  8. (obsolete) Decent; honourable; suitable; becoming.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
  9. (obsolete) Chaste; faithful; virtuous.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:honest

Antonyms

  • dishonest

Derived terms

  • honesty
  • keep someone honest
  • make an honest woman

Translations

Verb

honest (third-person singular simple present honests, present participle honesting, simple past and past participle honested)

  1. (obsolete) To adorn or grace; to honour; to make becoming, appropriate, or honourable.
    • 1609, Ben Jonson, Epicœne, or The Silent Woman
      You have very much honested my lodging with your presence.

Adverb

honest (comparative more honest, superlative most honest)

  1. (colloquial) Honestly; really.
    It wasn’t my fault, honest.

Further reading

  • honest in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • honest in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Heston, Stheno, ethnos, oneths

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin honestus.

Adjective

honest (feminine honesta, masculine plural honests or honestos, feminine plural honestes)

  1. upright, decent, honorable

Derived terms

  • deshonest
  • honestament

Related terms

  • honestedat
  • honor

Further reading

  • “honest” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “honest” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “honest” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “honest” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Middle English

Adjective

honest

  1. Alternative form of honeste (good)


English

Alternative forms

  • honble (obsolete)
  • Honorable (honorific)
  • (British spelling:) honourable, Honourable (honorific)

Etymology

From Middle English honourable, from Old French honorable, honurable, from Latin honōrābilis, from honōrō (I honour); cognate with Italian onorabile, Spanish honorable. Surface analysis is honor +‎ -able.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: ŏnʹərəbl, ŏnʹrəbl, IPA(key): /ˈɒnəɹəbl̩/, /ˈɒnɹəbl̩/
  • (General American) enPR: ŏnʹərəbl, ŏnʹrəbl, IPA(key): /ˈɑnəɹəbl̩/, /ˈɑnɹəbl̩/
  • Hyphenation: hon‧or‧able, honor‧able

Adjective

honorable (comparative more honorable, superlative most honorable) (American spelling)

  1. Worthy of respect; respectable.
  2. (politics) A courtesy title, given in Britain and the Commonwealth to a cabinet minister, minister of state, or senator, and in the United States to the president, vice president, congresspeople, state governors and legislators, and mayors.

Synonyms

  • venerable
  • noble
  • Hon’ble
  • Hon.

Antonyms

  • despicable
  • contemptible
  • mean

Derived terms

  • Hon., Hon’ble, Honourable
  • honorably, honourably
  • (politics): right honorable, right honourable

Translations


Catalan

Etymology

From Latin honōrābilis.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /o.noˈɾa.blə/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /u.nuˈɾa.blə/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /o.noˈɾa.ble/

Adjective

honorable (masculine and feminine plural honorables)

  1. honorable

Derived terms

  • honorablement

Further reading

  • “honorable” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “honorable” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “honorable” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “honorable” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Etymology

From Old French [Term?], borrowed from Latin honōrābilis.

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /ɔ.nɔ.ʁabl/

Adjective

honorable (plural honorables)

  1. honorable

Derived terms

  • faire amende honorable
  • hon.
  • très honorable

Related terms

  • honneur

Further reading

  • “honorable” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Alternative forms

  • honorábel

Etymology

From Latin honōrābilis.

Adjective

honorable m or f (plural honorables)

  1. honorable

Related terms

  • honor
  • honra

Further reading

  • “honorable” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin honōrābilis. Equivalent to honor +‎ -able.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /onoˈɾable/, [o.noˈɾa.β̞le]
  • Rhymes: -able

Adjective

honorable (plural honorables)

  1. honorable
    Synonym: honesto

Derived terms

  • honorabilidad
  • honorablemente

Related terms

  • honor
  • honra
  • honrar

Further reading

  • “honorable” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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