hood vs hoodlum what difference

what is difference between hood and hoodlum



  • IPA(key): /hʊd/
    • (General American) IPA(key): [hʊ̈d], [hɪ̈d]
  • Rhymes: -ʊd

Etymology 1

From Middle English hood, hod, from Old English hōd, from Proto-Germanic *hōdaz (cognate with Saterland Frisian Houd, West Frisian/Dutch hoed, German Low German Hood, German Hut). Cognate with Proto-Iranian *xawdaH (hat) (compare Avestan ????????????????(xåda), Old Persian ???????????? (x-u-d /xaudā/)), from Proto-Indo-European *kadʰ- (to cover). More at hat.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. A covering for the head attached to a larger garment such as a jacket or cloak.
  2. A distinctively coloured fold of material, representing a university degree.
  3. An enclosure that protects something, especially from above.
  4. Particular parts of conveyances
    1. (automotive, chiefly Britain) A soft top of a convertible car or carriage.
    2. (automotive, chiefly US, Canada) The hinged cover over the engine of a motor vehicle, known as a bonnet in other countries.
      Synonyms: cowl, bonnet
    3. (by extension, especially in the phrase “under the hood”) A cover over the engine, driving machinery or inner workings of something.
      • 2004, D. Michael Abrashoff, Get Your Ship Together: How Great Leaders Inspire Ownership From The Keel Up, Penguin (→ISBN):
        Like many captains, I was just as glad to leave engineering to the engineers. Looking under the ship’s hood wasn’t what interested me.
      • 2015, Max Lucado, Let the Journey Begin: Finding God’s Best for Your Life, Thomas Nelson (→ISBN), page 71:
        I never see the pilot percolating coffee or the attendant with a screwdriver under the airplane’s hood. Why? Because we all have something we are good at, and we are expected to do that one thing well.
    4. A metal covering that leads to a vent to suck away smoke or fumes.
    5. (nautical) One of the endmost planks (or, one of the ends of the planks) in a ship’s bottom at bow or stern, that fits into the rabbet. (These, when fit into the rabbet, resemble a hood (covering).)
      • 1830, A Treatise on Marine Architecture, page 260:
        Care must also be taken to place the tenons on the main post so that a stop-water can be driven between it and the fore tenon and the rabbet of the hoods at the keel. The post being dressed to its proper dimensions, the tenons cut, and their …
      • 1874, Samuel James P. Thearle, Naval architecture: a treatise on laying off and building wood, iron, and composite ships. [With] Plates, page 360:
        The fore hoods end at a rabbet cut in the wood stem (see Plate CXVIII.), and the after hoods end at a rabbet prepared in the yellow metal body post. The fore hoods are fastened to the bottom plating as elsewhere; but in the stem they have  …
      • 1940, Lauchlan McKay, Richard Cornelius McKay, The Practical hip-builder, page 62:
        But for deep and narrow vessels you must line your hooden-ends wider to get up faster, and consequently the lower ends of the after-hoods will come round, []
  5. Various body parts
    1. (ophiology) An expansion on the sides of the neck typical for many elapids e.g. the Egyptian cobra (Naja haje) and Indian cobra (Naja naja).
    2. (colloquial) The osseous or cartilaginous marginal extension behind the back of many a dinosaur such as a ceratopsid and reptiles such as Chlamydosaurus kingii.
      Synonym: frill
    3. In the human hand, over the extensor digitorum, an expansion of the extensor tendon over the metacarpophalangeal joint (the extensor hood syn. dorsal hood syn. lateral hood)
Derived terms
See also
  • cuculliform (hood-shaped)


hood (third-person singular simple present hoods, present participle hooding, simple past and past participle hooded)

  1. To cover something with a hood.
    Antonym: unhood
Derived terms

Further reading

  • 2004, George Fletcher Bass, Serçe Limanı: An Eleventh-century Shipwreck, Texas A&M University Press (→ISBN), page 516:
    Hooding ends [Hoods, Hood ends] The ends of planks that fit into the stem and sternpost rabbets.

Etymology 2

Clipping of hoodlum.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. (slang) Gangster, thug.
    • 1968, John McPhee, The Pine Barrens, Chapter 7
      Teen-age hoods steal cars in cities, take them into the pines, strip them, ignite them, and leave the scene.

Etymology 3

Clipping of neighborhood; compare nabe.

Alternative forms

  • ‘hood


hood (not comparable)

  1. Relating to inner-city everyday life, both positive and negative aspects; especially people’s attachment to and love for their neighborhoods.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. (African American Vernacular English, slang) Neighborhood.
Usage notes

Particularly used for poor US inner-city black neighborhoods. Also used more generally, as a casual neutral term for “neighborhood”, but marked by strong associations.

  • (poor neighborhood, esp. black): ghetto
  • (neighborhood): nabe, neighborhood

Etymology 4

Clipping of hoodie, influenced by existing sense “hoodlum”.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. (Britain) Person wearing a hoodie.


  • Hodo, hodo-



hood (emphatic form hoods)

  1. (informal) second-person singular of hug
    to you

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • hode, hod, hude, hudde, hoode


From Old English hōd, from Proto-Germanic *hōdaz.


  • IPA(key): /hoːd/
  • Rhymes: -oːd


hood (plural hoodes)

  1. hood (part of a garment):
    1. A hood as a symbol of rank (of the church and of guilds).
    2. A hood made of chain mail used as head armour.
  2. (rare, Late Middle English) Any sort of protective cloaking or covering.

Derived terms

  • hoden
  • hoder
  • hodles
  • hodynge


  • English: hood
  • Scots: hude, huid


  • “họ̄d, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-07-12.

North Frisian


From Old Frisian hâved.


hood n (plural hööd)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) (anatomy) head
    at hood sködle

    to shake one’s head



First attested in a December 1866 Daily Alta California article, which mentions “the ‘Hoodlum Gang’ of juvenile thieves”. Several possible origins have been proposed. It may derive from a Germanic word like Swabian hudelum (disorderly) or Bavarian Haderlump (ragamuffin).

Herbert Asbury’s book The Barbary Coast: An Informal History of the San Francisco Underworld (1933, A. A. Knopf, New York) says the word originated in San Francisco from a particular street gang’s call to unemployed Irishmen to “huddle ’em” (to beat up Chinese migrants), after which San Francisco newspapers took to calling street gangs “hoodlums”.


  • IPA(key): /ˈhuːdləm/, /ˈhʊdləm/
  • Hyphenation: hood‧lum


hoodlum (plural hoodlums)

  1. A gangster; a hired thug.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:criminal
  2. A rough or violent youth.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:troublemaker

Usage notes

  • A short form, “hood,” also exists.
  • A nonstandard, jocular plural hoodla (treating the word like a Latin noun) also exists.
  • The behavior of a hoodlum may be referred to as “hoodlumism.”



Further reading

  • “Frederick Bee History Project”, in (please provide the title of the work)[2], accessed October 4, 2014

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