horde vs host what difference

what is difference between horde and host

English

Etymology

Recorded in English since 1555. From Middle French horde, from German Horde, from Polish horda, from Russian орда (orda, horde”, ‘clan, troop’), probably from Kipchak Turkic (compare Tatar урда (urda, horde)), from Proto-Turkic *or- (army, place of staying of the army, ruler etc.). Cognates include Turkish ordu (camp, army), Mongolian орд (ord, court, castle, royal compound, camp, horde), Kalmyk орда (orda) and English Urdu.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hôd, IPA(key): /hɔːd/
  • (General American) enPR: hôrd, IPA(key): /hɔɹd/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) enPR: hōrd, IPA(key): /ho(ː)ɹd/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /hoəd/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)d
  • Homophones: hoard, whored

Noun

horde (plural hordes)

  1. A wandering troop or gang; especially, a clan or tribe of a nomadic people (originally Tatars) migrating from place to place for the sake of pasturage, plunder, etc.; a predatory multitude.
  2. A large number of people or things.
    We were beset by a horde of street vendors who thought we were tourists and would buy their cheap souvenirs.
    • 1907, Jack London, Before Adam, page Chapter IV
      It is true, the more progressive members of our horde lived in the caves above the river.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

horde (third-person singular simple present hordes, present participle hording or hordeing, simple past and past participle horded)

  1. to travel en masse, to flock

Usage notes

  • Sometimes confused with hoard.

Anagrams

  • Herod, Rhode, Rohde

Danish

Etymology

From German Horde.

Noun

horde c (singular definite horden, plural indefinite horder)

  1. horde

Inflection


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦɔrdə/
  • Hyphenation: hor‧de
  • Rhymes: -ɔrdə

Etymology 1

Noun

horde f (plural horden or hordes, diminutive hordetje n)

  1. A horde
  2. A troop of boy scouts, comprising no more than 24 cubs

Etymology 2

Noun

horde f (plural horden, diminutive hordetje n)

  1. A gross sieve
  2. A hurdle
Derived terms
  • hordeloop

References

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

French

Pronunciation

  • (aspirated h) IPA(key): /ɔʁd/

Noun

horde f (plural hordes)

  1. A horde

Further reading

  • “horde” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English hord.

Noun

horde

  1. Alternative form of hord

Etymology 2

From Old English hordian.

Verb

horde

  1. Alternative form of horden

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From German Horde

Noun

horde m (definite singular horden, indefinite plural horder, definite plural hordene)

  1. a horde

References

  • “horde” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Upper Sorbian

Adjective

horde

  1. inflection of hordy:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural


English

Alternative forms

  • hoast (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /həʊst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /hoʊst/
  • Rhymes: -əʊst

Etymology 1

From Middle English hoste, from Old French oste (French: hôte), from Latin hospitem, accusative of hospes (a host, also a sojourner, visitor, guest; hence, a foreigner, a stranger), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰostipotis (master of guests), from *gʰóstis (stranger, guest, enemy) and *pótis (owner, master, host, husband). Used in English since 13th century. Doublet of guest.

Noun

host (plural hosts, feminine hostess)

  1. One which receives or entertains a guest, socially, commercially, or officially.
  2. One that provides a facility for an event.
  3. A person or organization responsible for running an event.
  4. A moderator or master of ceremonies for a performance.
  5. (computing, Internet) Any computer attached to a network.
  6. (ecology) A cell or organism which harbors another organism or biological entity, usually a parasite.
  7. (evolution, genetics) An organism bearing certain genetic material.
  8. A paid male companion offering conversation and in some cases sex, as in certain types of bar in Japan.

Hyponyms

  • (computing): localhost

Synonyms

  • presenter (UK)

Derived terms

Related terms
Translations

Verb

host (third-person singular simple present hosts, present participle hosting, simple past and past participle hosted)

  1. To perform the role of a host.
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To lodge at an inn.
  3. (computing, Internet) To run software made available to a remote user or process.
    • 1987 May 7, Selden E. Ball, Jr., Re: Ethernet Terminal Concentrators, comp.protocols.tcp-ip, Usenet
      CMU/TEK TCP/IP software uses an excessive amount of cpu resources for terminal support both outbound, when accessing another system, and inbound, when the local system is hosting a session.
Translations

See also

  • compere
  • guest
  • event
  • master of ceremonies

Etymology 2

From Middle English oost, borrowed from Old French ost, oste, hoste, from Latin hostis (foreign enemy) (as opposed to inimicus (personal enemy)); cognate with etymology 1 through an Indo-European root.

Noun

host (plural hosts)

  1. A multitude of people arrayed as an army; used also in religious senses, as: Heavenly host (of angels)
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, book 3, ch. X, Plugson of Undershot
      Why, Plugson, even thy own host is all in mutiny: Cotton is conquered; but the ‘bare backs’ — are worse covered than ever!
    • 1955, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Return of the King, book 2, chapter 4, The Field of Cormallen
      All about the hosts of Mordor raged.
    • 2001, Carlos Parada, Hesione 2, Greek Mythology Link
      the invading host that had sailed from Hellas in more than one thousand ships was of an unprecedented size.
  2. A large number of items; a large inventory.
    The dealer stocks a host of parts for my Model A.
    • 1802, William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
      I wandered lonely as a cloud
      That floats on high o’er vales and hills,
      When all at once I saw a crowd,
      A host, of golden daffodils; []
    • 1836, The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction
      A short time since, some friends drinking tea one summer evening at their residence near Maidenhead, with all the windows of the drawing-room open, there suddenly burst in a host of small flies, which covered the table and the furniture []
Derived terms
  • heavenly host
  • Lord of Hosts
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English host, oist, ost, from Old French hoiste, from Latin hostia (sacrificial victim). Doublet of hostie.

Noun

host (plural hosts)

  1. (Christianity) The consecrated bread of the Eucharist.
Translations

See also

  • hostage

Anagrams

  • HOTs, Soth, TOSH, Thos., Tosh, hots, oths, shot, tosh

Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan òst, from Latin hostem, singular accusative of hostis, from Proto-Italic *hostis, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰóstis (guest, stranger).

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈɔst/

Noun

host f (plural hosts)

  1. army, troops

See also

  • exèrcit

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *gostь.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦost]

Noun

host m

  1. guest
    Host do domu, Bůh do domu. (“A guest into the house, God into the house”) — old proverb, meaning: respect should be shown to guests
    Host a ryba třetí den smrdí. – The guest and the fish smell the third day.

Declension

Related terms

  • hostit
  • hostitel
  • hostina
  • hostinec
  • nehostinný
  • pohostinství

Further reading

  • host in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • host in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Etymology 1

From English host.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦoːst/.
  • Rhymes: -ɔst

Noun

host m (plural hosts, diminutive hostje n)

  1. (computing) host
Derived terms
  • hosten

Etymology 2

From hossen.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɔst/

Verb

host

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of hossen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of hossen

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

Related to hoste (“to cough”).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hust/
  • Rhymes: -ust

Noun

host n (definite singular hostet, indefinite plural host, definite plural hosta or hostene)

  1. a single cough expulsion

Usage notes

  • Prior to a 2020 spelling revision, this noun was also considered masculine.

Etymology 2

From English host.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔust/
  • Rhymes: -ɔust

Noun

host m (definite singular hosten, indefinite plural hoster, definite plural hostene)

  1. (computing) host
Synonyms
  • vertsmaskin

Etymology 3

Verb

host

  1. imperative of hoste

References

  • “host” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Related to hosta, hoste (“to cough”).

Noun

host n (definite singular hostet, indefinite plural host, definite plural hosta)

  1. a single cough expulsion

Etymology 2

From English host.

Noun

host m (definite singular hosten, indefinite plural hostar, definite plural hostane)

  1. (computing) host
Synonyms
  • vertsmaskin

Etymology 3

Verb

host

  1. imperative of hosta and hoste

References

  • “host” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English host.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈhowst͡ʃ/

Noun

host m (plural hosts)

  1. (networking) host (computer attached to a network)

Slovene

Noun

hóst

  1. genitive dual/plural of họ̑sta

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English host. Doublet of huésped.

Noun

host m or f (plural hosts)

  1. (computing, Internet) host (any computer attached to a network)
    Synonym: anfitrión

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