horn vs trumpet what difference

what is difference between horn and trumpet

English

Etymology

From Middle English horn, horne, from Old English horn, from Proto-West Germanic *horn, from Proto-Germanic *hurną. Compare West Frisian hoarn, Dutch hoorn, Low German Hoorn, horn, German Horn, Danish and Swedish horn, Gothic ???????????????????? (haurn).

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂-nó-m, from *ḱerh₂- (head, horn). Compare Breton kern (horn), Latin cornū, Ancient Greek κέρας (kéras), Proto-Slavic *sьrna, Old Church Slavonic сьрна (sĭrna, roedeer), Hittite [script needed] (surna, horn), Persian سور(sur), Sanskrit शृङ्ग (śṛṅga, horn).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hôn, IPA(key): /hɔːn/
  • (US) enPR: hôrn, IPA(key): /hɔɹn/
  • (Dublin English, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /ˈhɒːɹn/
  • (Dublin English) IPA(key): /ˈhoːrn/, /ˈhoːɻn/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(r)n

Noun

horn (countable and uncountable, plural horns)

  1. (countable) A hard growth of keratin that protrudes from the top of the head of certain animals, usually paired.
  2. Any similar real or imaginary growth or projection such as the elongated tusk of a narwhal, the eyestalk of a snail, the pointed growth on the nose of a rhinoceros, or the hornlike projection on the head of a demon or similar.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      But nowhere are there queerer waters than in our own parish of Caulds, at the place called the Sker Bay, where between two horns of land a shallow estuary receives the stream of the Sker.
  3. An antler.
  4. (uncountable) The hard substance from which animals’ horns are made, sometimes used by man as a material for making various objects.
    Synonym: keratin
  5. An object whose shape resembles a horn, such as cornucopia, the point of an anvil, or a vessel for gunpowder or liquid.
    • 1775, William Mason, The Poems of Mr. Gray. To which are prefixed Memoirs of his Life and Writings by W. Mason.
    1. The high pommel of a saddle; also, either of the projections on a lady’s saddle for supporting the leg.
    2. (architecture) The Ionic volute.
    3. (nautical) The outer end of a crosstree; also, one of the projections forming the jaws of a gaff, boom, etc.
    4. (carpentry) A curved projection on the fore part of a plane.
    5. One of the projections at the four corners of the Jewish altar of burnt offering.
  6. (countable) Any of several musical wind instruments.
  7. (countable, music) An instrument resembling a musical horn and used to signal others.
  8. (countable, automotive) A loud alarm, especially one on a motor vehicle.
    Synonyms: hooter, klaxon
  9. (chiefly sports) A sound signaling the expiration of time.
    The shot was after the horn and therefore did not count.
  10. (countable) A conical device used to direct waves.
    Synonym: funnel
  11. (informal, music, countable) Generally, any brass wind instrument.
  12. (slang, countable, from the horn-shaped earpieces of old communication systems that used air tubes) A telephone.
    Synonyms: blower (UK), dog and bone (Cockney rhyming slang), phone
  13. (uncountable, vulgar, slang, definite article) An erection of the penis.
    Synonyms: boner (US), hard-on, stiffy
  14. (countable, geography) A peninsula or crescent-shaped tract of land.
    Synonym: peninsula
  15. (countable) A diacritical mark that may be attached to the top right corner of the letters o and u when writing in Vietnamese, thus forming ơ and ư.
  16. (botany) An incurved, tapering and pointed appendage found in the flowers of the milkweed (Asclepias).

Usage notes

When used alone to refer to an instrument, horn can mean either hunting horn or French horn, depending on context. Other instruments are identified by specific adjectives such as English horn or basset horn.

Translations

Verb

horn (third-person singular simple present horns, present participle horning, simple past and past participle horned)

  1. (transitive, of an animal) To assault with the horns.
  2. (transitive) To furnish with horns.
  3. (transitive, slang, obsolete) To cuckold.

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • NRHO, Rohn

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse horn, from Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Noun

horn n (singular definite hornet, plural indefinite horn)

  1. horn

Inflection

References

  • “horn” in Den Danske Ordbog

Faroese

Etymology

From Old Norse horn, from Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔtn/
  • Rhymes: -ɔtn

Noun

horn n (genitive singular horns, plural horn)

  1. horn (of an animal)
  2. (music) horn
  3. corner
  4. speaker (on a telephone)
  5. angle

Declension


Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse horn, from Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔrtn/
  • Rhymes: -ɔrtn

Noun

horn n (genitive singular horns, nominative plural horn)

  1. horn (of an animal)
  2. fin (of a cetacean or other marine animal)
  3. corner
  4. angle
  5. (music) horn

Declension

Derived terms


Middle English

Alternative forms

  • horne, orn

Etymology

From Old English horn, from Proto-West Germanic *horn, from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂nós (with change in gender).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɔrn/

Noun

horn (plural hornes)

  1. A horn (keratinous growth on one’s head):
    1. A horn or a similar growth in fantasy, religion, or mythology.
    2. Such keratinous growths used as a material or in crafts.
    3. (rare) The metaphorical horn of one who performs cuckoldry.
    4. (rare, heraldry) A heraldic depiction of a horn.
  2. A jutting or projecting extremity of something, especially one resembling a horn:
    1. One of the two points of a moon that is less than half waxed.
    2. One of the two points of a women’s hairstyle involving projecting points.
    3. (rare, anatomy) A horn-shaped bodily passage or chamber.
  3. A horn (gently curved musical instrument)
  4. Any other hard bodily extension in humans or beasts (e.g. a claw)
  5. A horn-shaped container, especially one used like a glass.
  6. (rare) A half or section of an army, troop, or band.
  7. (rare) The eyestalk of a gastropod or an analogous projection.
  8. (rare) Bovids which are horned as a collective.

Related terms

  • horned
  • hornen
  • hornepipe
  • horner
  • hornyng
  • ynkhorn

Descendants

  • English: horn
  • Scots: horn
  • Yola: hoorn

References

  • “horn, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-12-08.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse horn, from Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Noun

horn n (definite singular hornet, indefinite plural horn, definite plural horna or hornene)

  1. (zoology) horn
  2. (music) horn
  3. (automotive, rail transport) horn (warning device)

Derived terms

  • hornhinne
  • krutthorn
  • ta tyren ved hornene

References

  • “horn” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse horn, from Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hʊrn/, /hɔrn/

Noun

horn n (definite singular hornet, indefinite plural horn, definite plural horna)

  1. (zoology) horn
  2. (music) horn
  3. (automotive, rail transport) horn (warning device)

Derived terms

  • hornhinne
  • ta tyren ved horna

References

  • “horn” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *horn, from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer- (horn, head, top).

Compare Old Frisian horn (West Frisian hoarn), Old Saxon horn (Low German Hoorn, horn), Dutch hoorn, Old High German horn (German Horn), Old Norse horn (Danish and Swedish horn), Gothic ???????????????????? (haurn).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xorn/, [horˠn]

Noun

horn m (nominative plural hornas)

  1. horn
  2. (horn-shaped) gable

Declension

Derived terms

  • hornbǣre
  • hornreċed

Descendants

  • Middle English: horn, horne
    • English: horn

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *horn, from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Cognates include also Old Saxon horn, Old English horn, Old Norse horn, Gothic ???????????????????? (haurn).

Noun

horn n

  1. horn

Descendants

  • German: Horn

Old Norse

Etymology

From Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer- or Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-. Cognates include Old English horn (English horn, Old Frisian horn (West Frisian hoarn), Old Saxon horn (Low German Hoorn, horn), Dutch hoorn, Old High German horn (German Horn), Gothic ???????????????????? (haurn).

Noun

horn n (genitive horns, plural horn)

  1. horn (of an animal)
  2. horn (to drink from)
  3. horn (musical instrument)
  4. corner
  5. angle

Declension

Descendants

  • Danish: horn n
  • Faroese: horn n
  • Icelandic: horn n
  • Norwegian: horn n
  • Swedish: horn n

References

  • horn in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *horn, from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer-.

Cognates include also Old English horn, Old Frisian horn, Old High German horn, Old Norse horn, Gothic ???????????????????? (haurn).

Noun

horn n

  1. horn

Descendants

  • Low German: Hoorn, horn

Romanian

Noun

horn n (plural hornuri)

  1. chimney
    Synonyms: cămin, coș, fumar, hogeag

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse horn, from Proto-Norse ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ (horna), from Proto-Germanic *hurną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-.

Pronunciation

Noun

horn n

  1. horn (growth on animals’ heads)
  2. horn (object shaped from or like an animal’s horn, used for drinking, storage or making sounds)
  3. horn (object that makes a sound, e.g. on a car)
  4. (music) horn

Declension

Related terms



English

Etymology

From Middle English trumpet, trumpette, trompette (trumpet), from Old French trompette (trumpet), diminutive of trompe (horn, trump, trumpet), from Frankish *trumpa, *trumba (trumpet), ultimately imitative.

Akin to Old High German trumpa, trumba (horn, trumpet), Middle Dutch tromme (drum), Middle Low German trumme (drum), Old Norse trumba (pipe; trumpet). More at drum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɹʌmpɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmpɪt

Noun

trumpet (plural trumpets)

  1. (music) A musical instrument of the brass family, generally tuned to the key of B-flat; by extension, any type of lip-vibrated aerophone, most often valveless and not chromatic.
  2. Someone who plays the trumpet; a trumpeter.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. III, ch. 88:
      Next day, he sent a trumpet to the general, with a detail of my misfortune, in hopes of retrieving what I had lost [] .
  3. The cry of an elephant, or any similar loud cry.
  4. (figuratively) One who praises, or propagates praise, or is the instrument of propagating it.
    • That great politician was pleased to have the greatest wit of those times [] to be the trumpet of his praises.
  5. A funnel, or short flaring pipe, used as a guide or conductor, as for yarn in a knitting machine.
  6. A kind of traffic interchange involving at least one loop ramp connecting traffic either entering or leaving the terminating expressway with the far lanes of the continuous highway.
    • 1974, O.T.A., Proceedings (page 4)
      The result of adopting the latter principle would be that even unimportant T-junctions would be in the form of trumpets or half-cloverleaf junctions.
  7. A powerful reed stop in organs, having a trumpet-like sound.

Synonyms

  • (musical instrument): cornet

Hyponyms

  • (musical instrument): natural trumpet, straight trumpet

Meronyms

  • (musical instrument, opening): bell, codon, mouth

Derived terms

  • natural trumpet
  • straight trumpet
  • trumpeter, trumpetist

Translations

References

  • 2009. Tipbook Trumpet and Trombone, Flugelhorn and Cornet: The Complete Guide. Hugo Pinksterboer. Pg. 141.

Verb

trumpet (third-person singular simple present trumpets, present participle trumpeting, simple past and past participle trumpeted)

  1. (intransitive) To sound loudly, be amplified
  2. (intransitive) To play the trumpet.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) Of an elephant, to make its cry.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To give a loud cry like that of an elephant.
  5. (transitive) To proclaim loudly; to promote enthusiastically
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, A Discourse of a War with Spain
      They did nothing but publish and trumpet all the reproaches they could devise against the Irish.

Translations

Related terms

  • trumpet player
  • trumpeter
  • trumpetress

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • trompette, trumpette, trompet, troumpette

Etymology

From Old French trompette; equivalent to trumpe +‎ -et.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrumpɛt/, /ˈtrumpit/

Noun

trumpet (plural trumpetes)

  1. A trumpet; a small brass instrument.
  2. One who uses or plays such an instrument.

Descendants

  • English: trumpet
  • Scots: trumpet

References

  • “trompet, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2019-03-16.

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old French trompette (trumpet), diminutive of trompe (horn, trump, trumpet), from Frankish *trumpa, *trumba (trumpet), ultimately imitative.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /trɵmˈpeːt/

Noun

trumpet c

  1. trumpet

Declension

See also

  • trumpeta (verb)
  • trumpetare c (trumpeter)
  • trumpetblåsare c (trumpeter)

Hyponyms

  • piccolotrumpet c
  • signaltrumpet c
  • fanfartrumpet c
  • bastrumpet c
  • aidatrumpet c

References

  • trumpet in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)
  • trumpet in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)

Etymology 2

Adjective

trumpet

  1. absolute indefinite neuter singular of trumpen.

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