hostile vs unfriendly what difference

what is difference between hostile and unfriendly

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French hostile, from Latin hostīlis, from hostis (enemy). Displaced Old English fēondlīċ.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhɒstaɪl/, /ˈhɒstəl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhɑstəl/, /ˈhɑstaɪl/
  • Homophone: hostel (one pronunciation)
  • Rhymes: -ɒstəl

Adjective

hostile (comparative more hostile, superlative most hostile)

  1. Not friendly; appropriate to an enemy; showing the disposition of an enemy; showing ill will and malevolence or a desire to thwart and injure.
    Synonyms: inimical, unfriendly
    a hostile force
    hostile intentions
    a hostile country
    hostile to a sudden change
  2. Aggressive, antagonistic.
  3. Unwilling
  4. Of a hostile takeover.
    Microsoft may go hostile in its bid for Yahoo as soon as Friday, according to a published report.

Synonyms

  • antagonistic
  • hateful
  • See also Thesaurus:hostile

Antonyms

  • friendly

Related terms

  • hostility
  • hostilely
  • host
  • See also Thesaurus:combative

Translations

Noun

hostile (plural hostiles)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) An enemy.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Elohist, eoliths, holiest, sholtie

French

Etymology

From Middle French hostile, hostif (this form with a change of suffix), borrowed from Latin hostilis.

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /ɔs.til/

Adjective

hostile (plural hostiles)

  1. hostile
  2. unfriendly

Synonyms

  • ennemi

Related terms

  • hostilité
  • ost

Further reading

  • “hostile” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Latin

Adjective

hostīle

  1. nominative neuter singular of hostīlis
  2. accusative neuter singular of hostīlis
  3. vocative neuter singular of hostīlis

References

  • hostile in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʌnˈfɹɛn(d)li/

Etymology 1

From Middle English unfrendly, unfrendli, unfrendely, from Old English *unfrēondlīċ (suggested by derivative unfrēondlīċe (in an unfriendly manner; unfriendly, adverb)), equivalent to un- +‎ friendly. Cognate with Saterland Frisian uunfrüntelk, uunfjuntelk (unfriendly), West Frisian ûnfreonlik (unfriendly), Dutch onvriendelijk (unfriendly), German Low German unfrünnelk (unfriendly), German unfreundlich (unfriendly), Faroese ófryntligur (unfriendly), Icelandic ófrýnilegur (ugly; disturbing).

Adjective

unfriendly (comparative unfriendlier or more unfriendly, superlative unfriendliest or most unfriendly)

  1. Not friendly; hostile; mean.
  2. Unfavourable.
Antonyms
  • friendly
Derived terms
  • user-unfriendly
Related terms
  • unfriend

Translations

Noun

unfriendly (plural unfriendlies)

  1. An enemy.
    • 2005, Ted Dekker, Thunder of Heaven (page 217)
      Sweep the valley compound and eliminate any unfriendlies you encounter.
    • 2008, Dennis Wengert, A Very Healthy Insanity (page 44)
      You see, the mission of almost every teenage girl on the loose is to first identify the targets, just like a war. These include the primary objective (the boy), the enemy (other girls), the friendlies (sympathetic girl friends and the boy’s family), and unfriendlies (other boys).

Etymology 2

From Middle English unfrendli, from Old English unfrēondlīċe (in an unfriendly manner), equivalent to unfriend +‎ -ly.

Adverb

unfriendly (comparative unfriendlier or more unfriendly, superlative unfriendliest or most unfriendly)

  1. in an unkind or unfriendly manner; not as a friend

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