hot vs keen what difference

what is difference between hot and keen

English

Alternative forms

  • (physically attractive): hawt (slang, especially Internet), hott (slang, especially Internet)

Etymology

From Middle English hot, hat, from Old English hāt (hot, fervent, fervid, fierce), from Proto-Germanic *haitaz (hot), from Proto-Indo-European *kay- (hot; to heat). Cognate with Scots hate, hait (hot), North Frisian hiet (hot), Saterland Frisian heet (hot), West Frisian hjit (hot), Dutch heet (hot), Low German het (hot), German Low German heet (hot), German heiß (hot), Danish hed (hot), Swedish het (hot), Icelandic heitur (hot).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hŏt, IPA(key): /hɒt/
  • Rhymes: -ɒt
  • (General American) enPR: hät, IPA(key): /hɑt/

Adjective

hot (comparative hotter, superlative hottest)

  1. (of an object) Having a high temperature.
    • There was also hairdressing: hairdressing, too, really was hairdressing in those times — no running a comb through it and that was that. It was curled, frizzed, waved, put in curlers overnight, waved with hot tongs; [].
  2. (of the weather) Causing the air to be hot.
  3. (of a person or animal) Feeling the sensation of heat, especially to the point of discomfort.
  4. (of a temper) Easily provoked to anger.
  5. Feverish.
  6. (of food) Spicy, pungent, piquant, as some chilis and other spices are.
  7. (informal) Very good, remarkable, exciting. [from the 19thc.]
  8. Stolen. [from the 20thc.]
  9. (not comparable) Electrically charged.
  10. (informal) Radioactive. [from the 20thc.]
  11. (slang, of a person) Very physically and/or sexually attractive.
  12. (slang) Sexual or sexy; involving sexual intercourse or sexual excitement.
  13. (slang) Sexually aroused; randy.
  14. (slang, with for) Attracted to.
  15. Popular; in demand.
  16. Of great current interest; provoking current debate or controversy.
    a hot topic
  17. Very close to finding or guessing something to be found or guessed.
  18. Performing strongly; having repeated successes.
    • 1938, Harold M. Sherman, “Shooting Stars,” Boys’ Life (March 1938), Published by Boy Scouts of America, p.5:
      “Keep going! You’re hot tonight!” urged Wally.
    • 2002, Peter Krause & Andy King, Play-By-Play Golf, First Avenue Editions, p.55:
      The ball lands on the fairway, just a couple of yards in front of the green. “Nice shot Sarah! You’re hot today!” Jenny says.
  19. Fresh; just released.
    • 1960, Super Markets of the Sixties: Findings, recommendations.- v.2. The plans and sketches, Super Market Institute, p.30:
      A kid can stand in the street and sell newspapers, if the headlines are hot.
    • 2000, David Cressy, Travesties and transgressions in Tudor and Stuart England: tales of discord and dissension, Oxford University Press, p.34:
      Some of these publications show signs of hasty production, indicating that they were written while the news was hot.
  20. Uncomfortable, difficult to deal with; awkward, dangerous, unpleasant.
  21. (slang) Used to emphasize the short duration or small quantity of something
  22. (slang) Characterized by police presence or activity.
  23. (slang, of a draft/check) Not covered by funds on account.
  24. (of ammunition) This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:hot.

Synonyms

  • (having a high temperature): heated; see also Thesaurus:hot
  • (of the weather): baking, boiling, boiling hot, sultry, sweltering
  • (feeling the sensation of heat): baking, boiling, boiling hot
  • (feverish): feverish, having a temperature
  • (spicy): piquant, spicy, tangy
  • (slang: stolen): stolen
  • (electrically charged): live
  • (radioactive): radioactive
  • (slang: physically or sexually attractive): attractive, beautiful, cute, fit, foxy, gorgeous, handsome, hunky, lush, pretty, sexy, studly, tasty, yummy
  • (of a draft/check): rubber, bad

Antonyms

  • (having a high temperature): chilled, chilly, cold, cold as ice, freezing, freezing cold, frigid, glacial, ice-cold, icy
  • (of the weather): cold, freezing, freezing cold, icy
  • (feeling the sensation of heat): freezing, freezing cold
  • (spicy): bland, mild
  • (electrically charged): neutral, dead
  • (slang): lifeless

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

hot (third-person singular simple present hots, present participle hotting, simple past and past participle hotted)

  1. (with up) To heat; to make or become hot.
  2. (with up) To become lively or exciting.
    • 2018 “Clean Slate”, Wentworth
      Turf war’s hotting up.

Synonyms

  • hot up; heat, heat up

Anagrams

  • -oth, OTH, o’th’, oth, tho, tho’, thô

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɔt/
  • Hyphenation: hot
  • Rhymes: -ɔt

Etymology 1

Unknown.

Adjective

hot (comparative hoter, superlative hotst)

  1. (nautical) right, on the right side
    Synonym: rechts
Derived terms
  • van hot naar her
See also
  • stuurboord

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English hot.

Adjective

hot (comparative hotter, superlative hotst)

  1. (informal) hot, popular
  2. (informal) hot, sexy, attractive
Inflection

Ingrian

Etymology

Borrowed from Russian хоть (xotʹ).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhot/

Conjunction

hot

  1. though

Particle

hot

  1. Used to make a pronoun, adverb or determiner indefinite

References

  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[2]

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • hoth, whote
  • hate, hatte (northern)

Etymology

From Old English hāt.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔːt/, /hɔt/

Adjective

hot

  1. hot

Noun

hot (uncountable)

  1. hotness

Descendants

  • English: hot
  • Scots: hat, hait, hate
  • Yola: hoat, hote

References

  • “hō̆t, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  • “hō̆t, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Pennsylvania German

Verb

hot

  1. third-person singular present indicative of hawwe

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxot/, [ˈxot̪]

Adjective

hot (plural hot or hots)

  1. hot; sexy

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish hōt n, from Old Norse hót n pl, from Proto-Germanic *hwōtō (threat), cognate with Gothic ???????????????? f (ƕōta). Related to *hwētaną (to attack, stab).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /huːt/

Noun

hot n

  1. a threat

Declension

Related terms

  • bombhot
  • hota
  • hotbild
  • hotbrev
  • hotfull
  • hotande
  • mordhot
  • terrorhot

Westrobothnian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /huːt/, [hɯ́ᵝːt]
    Rhymes: -úːt

Etymology 1

Compare Icelandic hót, contraction of Old Norse hvat.

Noun

hot m

  1. A whit, a bit.
    n litn hot

    a little bit, a little piece

Etymology 2

Ablaut of Icelandic hvata (to sting, jab,) dialectal Norwegian hvæta (to jab,) and related to gwätt, wäti.

Noun

hot n (nominative & accusative definite singular hote)

  1. A sting, pang.
    ja hav söm e hot ått brösten

    I feel a sting in my chest.


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /kiːn/
  • (General American) enPR: kēn, IPA(key): /kin/
  • Rhymes: -iːn
  • Homophones: Keane, Keene

Etymology 1

From Middle English kene (bold, brave, sharp), from Old English cēne (keen, fierce, bold, brave, warlike, powerful; learned, clever, wise), from Proto-Germanic *kōniz (knowledgeable, skilful, experienced, clever, capable), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know). Cognate with Danish køn (handsome, pretty), Dutch kien (smart, wise, able), koen (daring, valiant, doughty, courageous), German kühn (bold, daring, audacious, hardy, valiant, venturesome), Icelandic kænn (wise, crafty, clever, able), Scots keen (lively, brisk; avaricious). Related to Old English cunnan (to know how to, be able to). More at cunning, can.

Alternative forms

  • keene, kene (both obsolete)

Adjective

keen (comparative keener or more keen, superlative keenest or most keen)

  1. (chiefly Commonwealth of Nations) Often with a prepositional phrase, or with to and an infinitive: showing a quick and ardent responsiveness or willingness; eager, enthusiastic, interested.
    • 2000, Jane Green, Bookends, London: Penguin Books, →ISBN; republished as Bookends: A Novel, trade paperback edition, New York, N.Y.: Broadway Books, 2003, →ISBN, page 304:
      In fact, she doesn’t mention the fact that I’ve obviously been avoiding her, just sounds genuinely thrilled to hear from me, and as soon as I mention getting together she suggests Monday, which is rather keen, even for Portia.
  2. Fierce, intense, vehement.
  3. Having a fine edge or point; sharp.
  4. Acute of mind, having or expressing mental acuteness; penetrating, sharp.
  5. Acrimonious, bitter, piercing.
  6. Of cold, wind, etc.: cutting, penetrating, piercing, sharp.
    • 1764 December 19 (indicated as 1765), Oliver Goldsmith, The Traveller, or a Prospect of Society. A Poem. Inscribed to the Rev. Henry Goldsmith, London: Printed for J[ohn] Newbery, →OCLC; 3rd edition, London: Printed for J. Newbury,[sic, meaning Newbery] in St. Paul’s Church-yard, 1765, →OCLC, page 10:
      Chearful at morn he wakes from ſhort repoſe, / Breaſts the keen air, and carolls as he goes; []
  7. (Britain) Of prices, extremely low as to be competitive.
  8. (US, informal, dated) Marvelous.
  9. (obsolete) Brave, courageous; audacious, bold.
Usage notes

Keen is often used to create compounds, the meaning of most of them being fairly obvious, for example, keen-edged, keen-eyed, keen-sighted, keen-witted, etc.

Synonyms
  • (showing a quick and ardent responsiveness or willingness): ardent, eager, prompt
  • (having a fine edge or point): sharp
  • (acrimonious): biting, cutting, piercing
  • (acute of mind): acute, penetrating, shrewd; see also Thesaurus:intelligent
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

keen (third-person singular simple present keens, present participle keening, simple past and past participle keened)

  1. (transitive, rare) To make cold, to sharpen.
    • 1730, James Thomson, “Summer”, in The Seasons, A Hymn, A Poem to the Memory of Sir Isaac Newton, and Britannia, a Poem, London, Printed for J. Millan, near Whitehall; and A[ndrew] Millar, in the Strand, →OCLC; republished in The Works of James Thomson. With His Last Corrections and Improvements. In Four Volumes, volume I, London: Printed for A. Millar, in the Strand, 1766, →OCLC, page 93, lines 1256–1259:
      This is the pureſt exerciſe of health, / The kind refreſher of the ſummer-heats; / Nor, when cold Winter keens the brightening flood, / Would I weak-ſhivering linger on the brink.

Etymology 2

From Irish caoin (to cry, weep; to keen).

Noun

keen (plural keens)

  1. A prolonged wail for a deceased person.

Verb

keen (third-person singular simple present keens, present participle keening, simple past and past participle keened)

  1. (intransitive) To utter a keen.
    • 20th century, Stuart Howard-Jones (1904–1974), “Hibernia”, in Kingsley Amis, comp., The New Oxford Book of English Light Verse, New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1978, →ISBN, page 243:
      Last night he had put down too much Potheen / (A vulgar blend of Methyl and Benzene) / That, at some Wake, he might the better keen. / (Keen—meaning ‘brisk’? Nay, here the Language warps: / ‘Tis singing bawdy Ballads to a Corpse.)
  2. (transitive) To utter with a loud wailing voice or wordless cry.
  3. (transitive) To mourn.
Related terms
  • keener

References

Anagrams

  • Enke, kene, knee, kène, neek

Basque

Noun

keen

  1. genitive plural of ke

Hunsrik

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kʰeːn/

Particle

keen

  1. no, not any, not a

Declension

1Form used when the plural of the noun is the same as the singular

Further reading

  • Online Hunsrik Dictionary

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /keːn/
    • Rhymes: -eːn

Particle

keen m or n

  1. no, not any, not a

Declension


Somali

Verb

keen

  1. bring

Yola

Etymology

From Middle English kene, from Old English cēne.

Adjective

keen

  1. sharp

References

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith

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