hovel vs hut what difference

what is difference between hovel and hut

English

Etymology

From Middle English hovel, hovil, hovylle, diminutive of Old English hof (an enclosure, court, dwelling, house), from Proto-Germanic *hufą (hill, farm), from Proto-Indo-European *kewp- (arch, bend, buckle), equivalent to howf +‎ -el. Cognate with Dutch hof (garden, court), German Hof (yard, garden, court, palace), Icelandic hof (temple, hall). Related to hove and hover.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɒvəl/, /ˈhʌvəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɒvəl
  • Rhymes: -ʌvəl

Noun

hovel (plural hovels)

  1. An open shed for sheltering cattle, or protecting produce, etc., from the weather.
  2. A poor cottage; a small, mean house; a hut.
  3. In the manufacture of porcelain, a large, conical brick structure around which the firing kilns are grouped.

Translations

Verb

hovel (third-person singular simple present hovels, present participle hovelling or hoveling, simple past and past participle hovelled or hoveled)

  1. (transitive) To put in a hovel; to shelter.
    • The poor are hovell’d and hustled together.
  2. (transitive) To construct a chimney so as to prevent smoking, by making two of the more exposed walls higher than the others, or making an opening on one side near the top.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hʌt/
  • Rhymes: -ʌt

Etymology 1

From Middle English *hutte, hotte, borrowed from Old French hutte, hute (cottage), from Old High German hutta (hut, cottage), from Proto-Germanic *hudjǭ, *hudjō (hut), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewt- (to deck; cover; covering; skin). Cognate with German Hütte (hut), Dutch hut (hut), West Frisian hutte (hut), Saterland Frisian Hutte (hut), Danish hytte (hut), Norwegian Bokmål hytte (hut), Swedish hytta (hut). Related to hide.

Noun

hut (plural huts)

  1. A small, simple one-storey dwelling or shelter, often with just one room, and generally built of readily available local materials.
    • 1625, Nicholas Breton, “An Untrained Souldiour” in Characters and Essayes, Aberdeen: Edward Raban, p. 31,[3]
      And in his Hut, when hee to rest doth take him,
      Hee sleeps, till Drums or deadlie Pellets wake him.
    • 1751, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, No. 186, 28 December, 1751, Volume 6, London: J. Payne and J. Bouquet, 1752, pp. 108-109,[4]
      [] love, that extends his dominion wherever humanity can be found, perhaps exerts the same power in the Greenlander’s hut, as in the palaces of eastern monarchs.
    • 1861, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations, London: Chapman and Hall, Volume 2, Chapter 20, p. 341,[5]
      [] I was a hired-out shepherd in a solitary hut, not seeing no faces but faces of sheep till I half forgot wot men’s and women’s faces wos like,
    • 1958, Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart, New York: Anchor Books, 1994, Chapter 11, p. 95,[6]
      There was an oil lamp in all the four huts on Okonkwo’s compound, and each hut seen from the others looked like a soft eye of yellow half-light set in the solid massiveness of night.
  2. A small wooden shed.
  3. (agriculture, obsolete) A small stack of grain.
Derived terms
See also
  • cabin
  • cottage
  • shack
  • shanty
Translations

Verb

hut (third-person singular simple present huts, present participle hutting, simple past and past participle hutted)

  1. (archaic, transitive) To provide (someone) with shelter in a hut.
    • 1631, Henry Hexham (translator), The Art of Fortification by Samuel Marolois, Amsterdam: John Johnson, Part 2, Figure 124 & 125,[7]
      [] commonly the Captaines, after their souldiers are hutted, build Hutts in the place, where their tents stood,
    • 1803, Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, Letter 6, p. 200,[8]
      [] the scite of the New Town, where divisions of the 17th and 20th light dragoons had hutted themselves.
    • 1850, Washington Irving, The Life of Washington, New York: John W. Lovell, Volume 2, Chapter 56, p. 443,[9]
      His troops, hutted among the heights of Morristown, were half fed, half clothed, and inferior in number to the garrison of New York.
  2. (archaic, intransitive) To take shelter in a hut.
    • 1653, Newsletter sent from London to Edward Nicholas dated 17 June, 1653, in William Dunn Macray (ed.), Calendar of the Clarendon State Papers, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1869, Volume 2, p. 219,[10]
      Seven boatfuls of Dutch prisoners have been taken to Chelsea College, where they are to hut under the walls.
    • 1778, William Gordon, The History of the Rise, Progress, and Establishment, of the Independence of the United States of America, London: for the author, Volume 3, Letter 1, p. 11,[11]
      He removed with the troops, on the 19th, to Valley-forge, where they hutted, about sixteen miles from Philadelphia.
  3. (agriculture, obsolete, transitive) To stack (sheaves of grain).
    • 1796, James Donaldson, Modern Agriculture; or, The Present State of Husbandry in Great Britain, Edinburgh, Volume 2, p. 417,[12]
      The method of endeavouring to save corn in bad harvests, by hutting it in the field, is often practised in the north and west of Scotland,

Etymology 2

A short, sharp sound of command. Compare hey, hup, etc.

Interjection

hut

  1. (American football) Called by the quarterback to prepare the team for a play.

References

Anagrams

  • THU, Thu, UHT

Albanian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Albanian *hut, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewt- (downwards). Cognate with Ancient Greek αὔτως (aútōs, in vain), Gothic ???????????????????????? (auþeis).

Adverb

hut

  1. in vain, vainly
  2. empty, idle
  3. good, appropriate
Derived terms
  • hutoj
    • hutrrohem
    • hutrrojë

Etymology 2

From the adverb or an onomatopoeia (compare English hoot).

Noun

hut m (indefinite plural hutë, definite singular huti, definite plural hutët)

  1. owl
Declension

References


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch hutte, from Middle High German hütte, from Old High German hutta, from Proto-Germanic *hudjǭ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦʏt/
  • Hyphenation: hut
  • Rhymes: -ʏt

Noun

hut f (plural hutten, diminutive hutje n)

  1. a small wooden shed, hut.
  2. a primitive dwelling.
  3. a cabin on a boat.
  4. a usually simple recreational lodging, pub, or suchlike for scouting, mountaineering, skiing, and so on.
  5. (archaic or toponym) a roadhouse, inn or pub, sometimes primitive and/or of ill repute.

Derived terms

  • blokhut
  • dekhut
  • hutkoffer
  • plaggenhut
  • skihut
  • sleurhut
  • sneeuwhut
  • strohut
  • stuurhut
  • zweethut

Kumeyaay

Pronunciation

Noun

hut

  1. dog.

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *hūdi, from Proto-Germanic *hūdiz, whence also Old English hyd, Old Norse húð.

Noun

hūt f

  1. hide
  2. (anatomy) skin

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle High German: hūt
    • Alemannic German: Hutt
      Walser: Huut
    • Central Franconian: Hock, Hout
      Hunsrik: Haut, haut
    • German: Haut
    • Luxembourgish: Haut
    • Yiddish: הויט(hoyt)

Polish

Noun

hut f

  1. genitive plural of huta

Swedish

Interjection

hut

  1. behave! (same as: du ska veta hut! = vet hut! = hut!)

Noun

hut n

  1. decency, good manners, politeness, reason, common sense; only in a few expressions:
    du ska veta hut

    you should behave
    jag ska lära dig veta hut

    I shall teach you some decency
    jag kräver hut och hyfs av mina barn

    I demand good manners and behaviour of my children

Usage notes

  • Very rarely, one sees a definite form hutet

Related terms

  • huta
  • hutlös

See also

  • nu går skam på torra land

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