huge vs vast what difference

what is difference between huge and vast

English

Etymology

From Middle English huge, from Old French ahuge (high, lofty, great, large, huge), from a hoge (at height), from a (at, to) + hoge (a hill, height), from Frankish *haug, *houg (height, hill) or Old Norse haugr (hill); both from Proto-Germanic *haugaz (hill, mound), from Proto-Indo-European *kowkós (hill, mound), from the root Proto-Indo-European *kewk-. Akin to Old High German houg (mound) (compare related German Hügel (hill)), Old Norse haugr (mound), Lithuanian kaũkaras (hill), Old High German hōh (high) (whence German hoch), Old English hēah (high). More at high.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /hjuːd͡ʒ/, [çu̟ːd͡ʒ]
  • (US)
  • (NYC, some other US dialects) IPA(key): /juːdʒ/
  • (Norfolk) IPA(key): [hʊudʒ]

Adjective

huge (comparative huger, superlative hugest)

  1. Very large.
    • “I don’t mean all of your friends—only a small proportion—which, however, connects your circle with that deadly, idle, brainless bunch—the insolent chatterers at the opera, [] the chlorotic squatters on huge yachts, [] the neurotic victims of mental cirrhosis, the jewelled animals whose moral code is the code of the barnyard—!”
  2. (slang) Distinctly interesting, significant, important, likeable, well regarded.

Synonyms

  • (very large): colossal, elephantine, enormous, giant, gigantic, immense, prodigious, vast.
  • See also Thesaurus:gigantic

Antonyms

  • (very large): tiny, small, minuscule, midget, dwarf

Derived terms

Translations

Further reading

  • huge in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • huge in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • e-hug, eugh, gehu

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • hoige, houge, hugge, hoge, hogge, hoege, heug, heuge, hogh

Etymology

From Old French ahuge, a form of ahoge.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhiu̯dʒ(ə)/

Adjective

huge

  1. huge, large, enormous
  2. great, severe, excessive, prominent
  3. numerous, plentiful

Descendants

  • English: huge
  • Scots: huge, hudge

References

  • “hūǧe, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-03.

Adverb

huge

  1. hugely, greatly

References

  • “hūǧe, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-03.

Middle French

Noun

huge f (plural huges)

  1. market stall


English

Etymology

From Middle French vaste, from Latin vastus (void, immense).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: väst, IPA(key): /vɑːst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /væst/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːst

Adjective

vast (comparative vaster or more vast, superlative vastest or most vast)

  1. Very large or wide (literally or figuratively).
  2. Very great in size, amount, degree, intensity, or especially extent.
  3. (obsolete) Waste; desert; desolate; lonely.

Translations

Noun

vast (plural vasts)

  1. (poetic) A vast space.
    • 1608, William Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, I.i
      they have seemed to be together, though absent, shook hands, as over a vast, and embraced, as it were, from the ends of opposed winds.

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • ATVs, VSAT, tavs, vats

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin vāstus.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈvast/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈbast/

Adjective

vast (feminine vasta, masculine plural vasts or vastos, feminine plural vastes)

  1. vast, wide

Related terms

  • vastitud

Further reading

  • “vast” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “vast” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “vast” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “vast” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɑst/
  • Hyphenation: vast
  • Rhymes: -ɑst

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch vast, from Old Dutch fast, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz.

Adjective

vast (comparative vaster, superlative meest vast or vastst)

  1. firm, fast, tight
  2. fixed, not moving or changing
  3. stuck, unable to get out
  4. (chemistry) in the solid state
  5. (botany) perennial
  6. (of a telephone) using a landline
Inflection
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: vas
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: vasi
  • Negerhollands: vast, vas

Adverb

vast

  1. (obsolete) almost; about; close to
  2. surely, certainly
    Synonym: zeker
  3. (informal, sarcastically) sure, yeah, right

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

vast

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of vasten
  2. imperative of vasten

Estonian

Etymology

Of Finno-Mordvinic or Finno-Volgaic origin. Cognate to Finnish vasta, Votic vassa, Northern Sami vuostá, Erzya вастомс (vastoms, to meet; to receive), Moksha васта (vasta, place; distance) and possibly Western Mari ваштареш (βaštareš, against; across).

Adverb

vast

  1. maybe, possibly
  2. recently, just, now

Derived terms

References


Livonian

Etymology

Akin to Finnish vasten

Preposition

vast

  1. against

Ludian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *vasta.

Noun

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)

Old Norse

Verb

vast

  1. second-person singular past active indicative of vera

Romani

Etymology

Perhaps from Sanskrit हस्त (hásta), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰástas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰástas, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰés-to- (hand) < *ǵʰes-. Compare Punjabi ਹੱਥ (hatth), Hindi हाथ (hāth), Bengali হাত (hat); compare also Persian دست(dast).

Noun

vast m (plural vasta)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Romanian

Etymology

From French vaste, from Latin vastus.

Adjective

vast m or n (feminine singular vastă, masculine plural vaști, feminine and neuter plural vaste)

  1. vast

Declension

Related terms

  • vastitate

Veps

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *vasta.

Noun

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)

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