humanitarian vs improver what difference

what is difference between humanitarian and improver

English

Etymology

From humanity +‎ -arian (suffix indicating an advocate of or believer in something), possibly modelled after Unitarian (Christian who does not believe in the doctrine of the Trinity; pertaining to Unitarianism) (see noun sense 2 and verb sense 2).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hjʊˌmæ.nɪˈtɛː.ɹɪ.ən/, [-ɛə.ɹi.ən]
  • (General American) IPA(key): /hjuˌmæ.nəˈtɛ.ɹi.ən/, /ˌhjuː.mæ.nɪˈtɛː.ɹɪ.ən/
  • Rhymes: -ɛəɹiən
  • Hyphenation: hu‧man‧it‧a‧ri‧an

Adjective

humanitarian (comparative more humanitarian, superlative most humanitarian)

  1. Concerned with people’s welfare, and the alleviation of suffering; compassionate, humane.
  2. (Christianity, rare) Of or pertaining to the belief that Jesus Christ is fully human and not divine.
  3. (philosophy, historical) Synonym of humanist (relating to humanism)

Usage notes

  • The Compact Oxford Dictionary from 1996 has a usage note criticizing use of humanitarian as in humanitarian disaster, saying “the adjective humanitarian is often used inaccurately by reporters, e.g This is the worst humanitarian disaster within living memory, as if humanitarian meant ‘of or relating to humanity'”, though the current entry given by OxfordDictionaries.com has a more tempered commentary: “The primary sense of humanitarian is ‘concerned with or seeking to promote human welfare.’ Since the 1930s, a new sense, exemplified by phrases such as the worst humanitarian disaster this country has seen, has been gaining currency, and is now broadly established, especially in journalism, although it is not considered good style by all”.

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

humanitarian (plural humanitarians)

  1. A person concerned with people’s welfare; a do-gooder or philanthropist.
  2. (Christianity, rare) One who believes that Jesus Christ is fully human and not divine.
  3. (philosophy, historical) Synonym of humanist (a person who believes in the philosophy of humanism)

Translations

References

Further reading

  • humanitarian on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • humanitarian in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • humanitarian in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Etymology

improve +‎ -er

Noun

improver (plural improvers)

  1. Something that, or someone who, improves something.
    • 1754, David Hume, The History of England, from the Invasion of Julius Cæsar to the Revolution in 1688, London: T. Cadell, 1770, Volume I, Chapter 2, p. 105,[1]
      He introduced and encouraged manufactures of all kinds; and no inventor or improver of any ingenious art did he suffer to go unrewarded.
    • 1876, Washington Irving, Old Christmas, London: Macmillan, “The Christmas Dinner,” p. 123,[2]
      Never did Christmas board display a more goodly and gracious assemblage of countenances: those who were not handsome were, at least, happy; and happiness is a rare improver of your hard-favoured visage.
    • 2015, Mitch Feltscheer, “9 best musical duos of all time according to Us The Band,” Music Feed, 16 December, 2015,[3]
      What a song. What an instant mood improver. It’ll make you forget all the tension you had built up []
  2. (obsolete) Specifically, a person who improves land or property, a landscaper.
    • 1716, Alexander Pope, “An Essay on Homer’s Battels” in The Iliad of Homer, London: Bernard Lintot, Volume II, p. 4,[4]
      [] may not one say Homer is in this like a skilful Improver, who places a beautiful Statue in a well-disposed Garden so as to answer several Vistas, and by that Artifice one single Figure seems multiply’d into as many Objects as there are Openings from whence it may be viewed?
  3. One who improves his or her performance, one who shows improvement (of individuals or groups).
    • 2011, “Stay the Night: The Blackaddie Hotel, Sanquhar,” The Independent, 27 August, 2011,[5]
      The hotel can also arrange beginner and improver angling lessons with a local instructor.
    • 2014, Charlie Taylor, “Ireland improves to 17 out of 175 countries on corruption index,” The Irish Times, 3 December, 2014,[6]
      The biggest improvers over the last year, according to the index were Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines []
    • 2016, Rob Houwing, “Piedt making quiet SA strides,” Sport24, 28 January, 2016,[7]
      The last-named player was given outings in three of the four Tests against England recently, and although plenty of rough edges remained understandably apparent, he gave the impression of being a willing learner and improver.
  4. A substance added to cause improvement (especially to a foodstuff).
    • 2016, Wendyl Nissen, “Who kneads so many ingredients?” The New Zealand Herald, 6 August, 2016,[8]
      Soy flour is often added to bread as an improver. It helps the dough texture and can make the bread quite soft.
    • 2017, “Gardening: Get a taste of the Mediterranean,” The Northern Star, 7 February, 2017,[9]
      When planting a new olive tree, mix organic soil improver and fertiliser into the planting hole and keep the soil moist while the olive establishes itself.
  5. (historical) A pad worn by women to make the dress hang properly.

Derived terms

  • bust improver

Translations


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