humble vs mortify what difference

what is difference between humble and mortify

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ˈhʌmbəl/
  • (obsolete, Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈʌmbəl/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmbəl
  • Hyphenation: hum‧ble

Etymology 1

From Middle English humble, from Old French humble, umble, humle, from Latin humilis (low, slight, hence mean, humble) (compare Greek χαμαλός (khamalós, on the ground, low, trifling)), from humus (the earth, ground), humi (on the ground). See homage, and compare chameleon, humiliate. Displaced native Old English ēaþmōd.

The verb is from Middle English humblen (to humble).

Adjective

humble (comparative humbler or more humble, superlative humblest or most humble)

  1. Not pretentious or magnificent; unpretending; unassuming.
    • 17th century, Abraham Cowley, The Shortness of Life and Uncertainty of Riches
      The wise example of the heavenly lark.
      Thy fellow poet, Cowley, mark,
      Above the clouds let thy proud music sound,
      Thy humble nest build on the ground.
  2. Having a low opinion of oneself; not proud, arrogant, or assuming; modest.
    Synonyms: unassuming, modest
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Near the ground.
    • 1952, E. B. White, Charlotte’s Web, Harper Brothers:
      “Humble?” said Charlotte. “‘Humble’ has two meanings. It means ‘not proud’ and it means ‘near the ground.’ That’s Wilbur all over. He’s not proud and he’s near the ground.
Synonyms
  • See Thesaurus:humble
Antonyms
  • arrogant
  • snobby
  • presumptuous
  • smug
Derived terms
Related terms
  • humbleness
  • humiliate
  • humiliation
  • humility
Translations

Verb

humble (third-person singular simple present humbles, present participle humbling, simple past and past participle humbled)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To defeat or reduce the power, independence, or pride of
  2. (transitive, often reflexive) To make humble or lowly; to make less proud or arrogant; to make meek and submissive.
Synonyms
  • abase, lower, depress, humiliate, mortify, disgrace, degrade
Derived terms
  • humblehood
  • humbleness
  • humbler (agent noun)
  • humbly
Translations

Noun

humble (plural humbles)

  1. (Baltimore, slang) An arrest based on weak evidence intended to demean or punish the subject.

Etymology 2

From Middle English *humblen, *humbelen (suggested by humblynge (a humming, a faint rumbling)), frequentative of Middle English hummen (to hum), equivalent to hum +‎ -le.

Verb

humble (third-person singular simple present humbles, present participle humbling, simple past and past participle humbled)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To hum.
Derived terms
  • humblebee

Etymology 3

Noun

humble (plural humbles)

  1. (Northern England, Scotland, also attributive) Alternative form of hummel.

Verb

humble (third-person singular simple present humbles, present participle humbling, simple past and past participle humbled)

  1. (transitive) Alternative form of hummel.

Further reading

  • humble in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • humble in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

French

Etymology

From Old French, from Latin humilis (low, slight, hence mean, humble) (compare Greek χαμαλός (khamalós, on the ground, low, trifling)), from humus (the earth, ground), humi (on the ground).

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /œ̃bl/
  • Rhymes: -œ̃bl
  • Homophone: humbles

Adjective

humble (plural humbles)

  1. humble

Related terms

  • àmha
  • à mon humble avis
  • humblement
  • humiliation
  • humilier
  • humilité

Further reading

  • “humble” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Old French

Adjective

humble m (oblique and nominative feminine singular humble)

  1. Alternative form of umble

Declension



English

Etymology

From Anglo-Norman mortifier, Middle French mortifier, from Late Latin mortificō (cause death), from Latin mors (death) + -ficō (-fy).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈmɔːtɪfaɪ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈmɔɹtɪfaɪ/

Verb

mortify (third-person singular simple present mortifies, present participle mortifying, simple past and past participle mortified)

  1. (transitive) To discipline (one’s body, appetites etc.) by suppressing desires; to practise abstinence on. [from 15th c.]
    Some people seek sainthood by mortifying the body.
    • 1767, Walter Harte, Eulogius: Or, The Charitable Mason
      With fasting mortify’d, worn out with tears.
    • 1688, Matthew Prior, An Ode
      Mortify thy learned lust.
    • Mortify, therefore, your members which are upon the earth.
  2. (transitive, usually used passively) To embarrass, to humiliate. To injure one’s dignity. [from 17th c.]
    I was so mortified I could have died right there; instead I fainted, but I swore I’d never let that happen to me again.
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To kill. [14th–17th c.]
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To reduce the potency of; to nullify; to deaden, neutralize. [14th–18th c.]
    • 1627, George Hakewill, Apologie [] of the Power and Providence of God
      He [] mortified them [pearls] in vineger aud drunke them vp
  5. (obsolete, transitive) To kill off (living tissue etc.); to make necrotic. [15th–18th c.]
  6. (obsolete, transitive) To affect with vexation, chagrin, or humiliation; to humble; to depress.
    • 22 September 1651 (date in diary), 1818 (first published), John Evelyn, John Evelyn’s Diary
      the news of the fatal battle of Worcester, which exceedingly mortified our expectations
    • How often is [the ambitious man] mortified with the very praises he receives, if they do not rise so high as he thinks they ought!
  7. (transitive, Scotland, law, historical) To grant in mortmain.
    • 1876 James Grant, History of the Burgh and Parish Schools of Scotland, Part II, Chapter 14, p.453 (PDF 2.7 MB):
      the schoolmasters of Ayr were paid out of the mills mortified by Queen Mary
  8. (intransitive) To lose vitality.
  9. (intransitive) To gangrene.
  10. (intransitive) To be subdued.

Synonyms

  • (to discipline oneself by suppressing desires): macerate
  • (to injure one’s dignity): demean, humiliate, shame

Antonyms

  • (to injure one’s dignity): dignify, honor

Related terms

  • mortification

Translations


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