humiliation vs mortification what difference

what is difference between humiliation and mortification

English

Etymology

From Middle French humiliation, from Late Latin humiliatio, from humiliare (to humiliate); see humiliate.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hjuːˌmɪliˈeɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

humiliation (countable and uncountable, plural humiliations)

  1. The act of humiliating or humbling someone; abasement of pride; mortification.
  2. The state of being humiliated, humbled or reduced to lowliness or submission.
    •     One morning Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln were having breakfast when Lincoln did something that aroused the fiery temper of his wife. What, no one remembers now. But Mrs. Lincoln, in a rage, dashed a cup of hot coffee into her husband’s face. And she did it in front of the other boarders.
          Saying nothing, Lincoln sat there in humiliation and silence while Mrs. Early came with a wet towel and wiped off his face and clothes.

Synonyms

  • abasement
  • dishonor
  • embarrassment
  • mortification
  • shame

Antonyms

  • honor
  • exaltation

Related terms

  • humble
  • humiliate
  • humiliating
  • humility

Translations

Further reading

  • humiliation in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • humiliation in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

From Late Latin humiliātiō.

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /y.mi.lja.sjɔ̃/

Noun

humiliation f (plural humiliations)

  1. A humiliation, active or passive

Synonyms

  • abaissement

Related terms

  • humiliant

References

  • Nouveau Petit Larousse illustré. Dictionnaire encyclopédique. Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1952, 146th edition

Further reading

  • “humiliation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

From Middle French mortification, from Old French, from Latin mortificatio.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

mortification (countable and uncountable, plural mortifications)

  1. The act of mortifying.
  2. A sensation of extreme shame or embarrassment.
  3. (medicine) The death of part of the body.
    • 1913, D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 5
      And then there’s the fever and the mortification—if it took bad ways he’d quickly be gone.
  4. A bringing under of the passions and appetites by a severe or strict manner of living.
  5. (law, Scotland) A bequest to a charitable institution.

Synonyms

  • (a sensation of extreme shame): shame, humiliation

Antonyms

  • (a sensation of extreme shame): honor, exaltation

Translations


French

Noun

mortification f (plural mortifications)

  1. mortification

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