humor vs temper what difference

what is difference between humor and temper

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhjuːmɚ/, /ˈjuːmɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hjuː.mə(ɹ)/
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mor
  • Rhymes: -uːmə(ɹ)

Noun

humor (usually uncountable, plural humors)

  1. US spelling of humour
    • 1763, Antoine-Simon Le Page du Pratz, History of Louisiana (PG), page 40:
      For some days a fistula lacrymalis had come into my left eye, which discharged an humour, when pressed, that portended danger.

Verb

humor (third-person singular simple present humors, present participle humoring, simple past and past participle humored)

  1. US spelling of humour

Further reading

  • Wikipedia article on humor
  • Wikipedia article on humors
  • humor in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • humor in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • humor at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • mohur

Asturian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin hūmor, hūmōrem.

Noun

humor m (plural humores)

  1. mood (mental state)
  2. humour

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin hūmor, hūmōrem.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /uˈmo/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /uˈmoɾ/

Noun

humor m (plural humors)

  1. humour

Derived terms

  • humorós

Related terms

  • humit

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦumor]

Noun

humor m

  1. humor (US), humour (UK) (source of amusement)

Derived terms

Further reading

  • humor in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • humor in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

From Latin (h)ūmor (fluid). Doublet of humør (spirits, mood). The modern use of this word for mental processes goes back to Ancient and Medieval theories about the four fluids of the body.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /huːmɔr/, [ˈhuːmɐ]

Noun

humor c (singular definite humoren, not used in plural form)

  1. humour (amusement and the sense of amusement)

Inflection


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English humor (US), from Old French humor (bodily fluid), from Latin hūmor. See also: humore, humeur, humoor, humoristisch, and humuer.

The meaning of humor as in “a sense of amusement” entered Dutch from the US spelling of humour around ~1839.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦymɔr/
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mor

Noun

humor m (plural humoren or humores)

  1. (uncountable) humour (sense of amusement)
  2. (countable, archaic) humour (bodily fluid) [from the 15th c.]

Hungarian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin hūmor.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhumor]
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mor
  • Rhymes: -or

Noun

humor (plural humorok)

  1. humour, humor (the quality of being amusing, comical, or funny)

Declension

Derived terms

References

Further reading

  • humor in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Latin

Etymology 1

Alternative spelling of ūmor found in the later Roman Empire, when the letter h had already become silent. See also the related hūmidus.

Alternative forms

  • ūmor

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈhuː.mor/, [ˈhuːmɔɾ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈu.mor/, [ˈuːmɔr]
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈuː.mor/, [ˈuːmɔɾ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈu.mor/, [ˈuːmɔr]

Noun

hūmor m (genitive hūmōris); third declension

  1. liquid, fluid, humour
Declension

Third-declension noun.

Derived terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈhu.mor/, [ˈhʊmɔɾ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈu.mor/, [ˈuːmɔr]

Verb

humor

  1. first-person singular present passive indicative of humō

References

  • humor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • humor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle English

Noun

humor

  1. Alternative form of humour

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin hūmor, via German Humor and English humour or humor

Noun

humor m (definite singular humoren)

  1. humour (UK) or humor (US)

Derived terms

  • galgenhumor

References

  • “humor” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin hūmor, via German Humor and English humour or humor

Noun

humor m (definite singular humoren)

  1. humor (US) or humour (UK)

Derived terms

  • galgenhumor

References

  • “humor” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Alternative forms

  • humour (less common)

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin hūmor, hūmōrem.

Noun

humor m or f

  1. humor (one of four fluids that were believed to control the health and mood of the human body)

Descendants

  • French: humeur
    • Danish: humør
    • Romanian: umoare
    • Swedish: humör
  • Middle Dutch: humuere
    • Dutch: humeur
  • Middle English: humour, humore, umour, humor, humur, humer
    • English: humour, humor
      • Chinese: 幽默 (yōumò)
      • Dutch: humor
      • French: humour
        • Romanian: humor, umor
      • German: Humor (semantic loan)
        • Polish: humor
        • Yiddish: הומאָר(humor) (probably)
      • Greek: χιούμορ (chioúmor)
      • Italian: humour
      • Japanese: ユーモア (yūmoa)
      • Korean: 유머 (yumeo)
      • Norwegian: (also via German)
        Bokmål: humor
        Nynorsk: humor
      • Russian: ю́мор (júmor)
        • Azerbaijani: yumor
      • Serbo-Croatian:
        Cyrillic: ху̀мор
        Latin: hùmor
      • Swedish: humor (semantic loan)
    • Scots: humour

Polish

Etymology

Borrowed from German Humor, ultimately from Latin hūmor. See humor for more.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxu.mɔr/

Noun

humor m inan

  1. humour
  2. mood (mental state)

Declension

Further reading

  • humor in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese umor, humor, borrowed from Latin hūmor, hūmōrem (humour, fluid).

Pronunciation

  • (Paulista) IPA(key): /u.ˈmoɹ/
  • (South Brazil) IPA(key): /u.ˈmoɻ/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /u.ˈmoɾ/

Noun

humor m (plural humores)

  1. mood (mental state)
    Synonyms: disposição, espírito, temperamento
  2. humour; bodily fluid
  3. (historical) humour (one of the four basic bodily fluids in humourism)
    Hyponyms: bile amarela, bile negra, fleuma, sangue
  4. humour (quality of being comical)
    Synonyms: comédia, comicidade, graça

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:humor.

Derived terms

Related terms


Romanian

Noun

humor n (plural humoare)

  1. Alternative form of umor

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowed from English humor, from Latin hūmor.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xǔmor/
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mor

Noun

hùmor m (Cyrillic spelling ху̀мор)

  1. (uncountable) humor

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin hūmor, hūmōrem. Cognate with English humor.

Noun

humor m (plural humores)

  1. mood
  2. humor

Derived terms

Related terms


Swedish

Etymology

Originally from Latin hūmor (fluid), having bodily fluids in good balance, as used in humör (mood, temper). The joking sense was derived in England in Shakespeare’s time and has been used in Swedish since 1812.

Pronunciation

Noun

humor c

  1. humour (a sense of making jokes)

Declension

Related terms

References

  • humor, humör in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)
  • humor in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)


English

Alternative forms

  • tempre (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English temperen, tempren, from Old English ġetemprian, temprian, borrowed from Latin temperō (I divide or proportion duly, I moderate, I regulate; intransitive senses I am moderate, I am temperate), from tempus (time, fit season). Compare also French tempérer. Doublet of tamper. See temporal.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtɛmpə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈtɛmpɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛmpə(ɹ)

Noun

temper (countable and uncountable, plural tempers)

  1. A tendency to be in a certain type of mood; a habitual way of thinking, behaving or reacting.
    • c. 1596, William Shakespeare, King John, Act V, Scene 2,[1]
      A noble temper dost thou show in this;
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Dublin: John Smith, Book 4, Chapter 2, p. 141,[2]
      [] when she smiled, the Sweetness of her Temper diffused that Glory over her Countenance, which no Regularity of Features can give.
    • 1814, Jane Austen, Mansfield Park, Chapter 4,[3]
      I am of a cautious temper, and unwilling to risk my happiness in a hurry.
    • 1868, Louisa May Alcott, Little Women, Chapter 26,[4]
      [] Amy smiled without bitterness, for she possessed a happy temper and hopeful spirit.
    • 1928, Virginia Woolf, Orlando, Penguin, 1942, Chapter 2, p. 48,[5]
      [] it appeared as if to be alone in the great house of his fathers suited his temper.
  2. State of mind; mood.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 9, lines 1046-1048,[6]
      Remember with what mild
      And gracious temper he both heard and judg’d
      Without wrauth or reviling;
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, London: W. Taylor, p. 193,[7]
      [] I must testify from my Experience, that a Temper of Peace, Thankfulness, Love and Affection, is much more the proper Frame for Prayer than that of Terror and Discomposure;
    • 1818, Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, Volume 3, Chapter 5,[8]
      [] her temper was fluctuating; joy for a few instants shone in her eyes, but it continually gave place to distraction and reverie.
    • 1850, Charles Dickens, David Copperfield, Chapter 29,[9]
      ‘You should be careful not to irritate her, James. Her temper has been soured, remember, and ought not to be tried.’
    • 1950, Nevil Shute, A Town Like Alice, London: Heinemann, 1952, Chapter 3, p. 94,[10]
      She bowed to him, to put him in a good temper.
  3. A tendency to become angry.
    • 1909, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Anne of Avonlea, Chapter 3,[11]
      “I guess you’ve got a spice of temper,” commented Mr. Harrison, surveying the flushed cheeks and indignant eyes opposite him.
    • 1958, Graham Greene, Our Man in Havana, Penguin, 1969, Chapter 5,[12]
      ‘What a temper you’ve got, Wormold.’
      ‘I’m sorry. Drink takes me that way.’
    • 2013, J. M. Coetzee, The Childhood of Jesus, London: Harvill Secker, Chapter 28, p. 251,[13]
      His criticism of Inés makes him bristle. Nonetheless, he holds his temper in check.
  4. Anger; a fit of anger.
    • 1919, Henry Blake Fuller, Bertram Cope’s Year, Chapter 28,[14]
      Hortense remained for several days in a condition of sullen anger—she was a cloud lit up by occasional unaccountable flashes of temper.
    • 1953, C. S. Lewis, The Silver Chair, London: Geoffrey Bles, 1965, Chapter 1,[15]
      Jill suddenly flew into a temper (which is quite a likely thing to happen if you have been interrupted in a cry).
    • 1999, Colm Tóibín, The Blackwater Lightship, New York: Scribner, Chapter 4, p. 110,[16]
      [] she banged the door as she left as though in temper and walked to her car.
  5. Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure.
    to keep one’s temper; to lose one’s temper; to recover one’s temper
    • 1611, Ben Jonson, Catiline His Conspiracy, London: Walter Burre, Act IV,[17]
      Restore your selues, vnto your temper, Fathers;
      And, without perturbation, heare me speake:
    • 1819, Walter Scott, The Bride of Lammermoor, Chapter 22,[18]
      “And I think, madam,” said the Lord Keeper, losing his accustomed temper and patience, “that if you had nothing better to tell us, you had better have kept this family secret to yourself also.”
    • 1857, Anthony Trollope, Barchester Towers, Chapter 19,[19]
      [] her temper was rarely ruffled, and, if we might judge by her appearance, she was always happy.
  6. (obsolete) Constitution of body; the mixture or relative proportion of the four humours: blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
    • 1650, Thomas Fuller, A Pisgah-Sight of Palestine and the Confines Thereof, London: John Williams, Book 3, Chapter 12, p. 345,[20]
      [] it is hard to say, whether [Christ’s] pain was more shamefull, or his shame more painfull unto him: the exquisiteness of his bodily temper, increasing the exquisiteness of his torment, and the ingenuity of his Soul, adding to his sensibleness of the indignities and affronts offered until him.
  7. Middle state or course; mean; medium.
    • 1848, Thomas Babington Macaulay, The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1849, Volume 3, Chapter 11, p. 86,[21]
      The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general principles, and the mere man of business, who can see nothing but particular circumstances.
  8. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities.
    the temper of mortar
  9. The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.
  10. The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling.
    the temper of iron or steel
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 1, Act II, Scene 4,[22]
      Between two blades, which bears the better temper: []
      I have perhaps some shallow spirit of judgement;
      But in these nice sharp quillets of the law,
      Good faith, I am no wiser than a daw.
  11. (sugar manufacture, historical) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
    • 1803, John Browne Cutting, “A Succinct History of Jamaica” in Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, pp. xciv-xcv,[23]
      All cane juice is liable to rapid fermentation. As soon, therefore, as the clarifier is filled, the fire is lighted, and the temper (white lime of Bristol) is stirred into it. The alkali of the lime having neutralized its superabundant acid, a part of it becomes the basis of the sugar.

Synonyms

  • (tendency of mood): disposition, temperament
  • ((fit of) anger): rage

Coordinate terms

  • (Heat treatment): quenching

Derived terms

Related terms

  • contemper
  • distemper
  • temperament
  • temperance
  • temperate

Translations

Verb

temper (third-person singular simple present tempers, present participle tempering, simple past and past participle tempered)

  1. To moderate or control.
  2. To strengthen or toughen a material, especially metal, by heat treatment; anneal.
    • The temper’d metals clash, and yield a silver sound.
  3. To sauté spices in ghee or oil to release essential oils for flavouring a dish in South Asian cuisine.
  4. To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency.
  5. (music) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
  6. (obsolete, Latinism) To govern; to manage.
    • 1591, Edmund Spenser, Mother Hubberd’s Tale
      With which the damned ghosts he governeth, / And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth.
  7. (archaic) To combine in due proportions; to constitute; to compose.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 3 scene 3
      You fools! I and my fellows
      Are ministers of fate: the elements
      Of whom your swords are temper’d may as well
      Wound the loud winds, or with bemock’d-at stabs
      Kill the still-closing waters, as diminish
      One dowle that’s in my plume; []
  8. (archaic) To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage.
    • 1839, George Bancroft, History of the United States of America Volume 2
      Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch indifference, that mercy itself could not have dictated a milder system.
    • 1682 (first performance), Thomas Otway, Venice Preserv’d
      Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee / To temper man: we had been brutes without you.
    • 1812-1818, Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage
      But thy fire / Shall be more tempered, and thy hope far higher.
    • 1709, Joseph Addison, The Tatler No. 100
      She [the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and clouds about her, that tempered the light into a thousand beautiful shades and colours.
  9. (obsolete) To fit together; to adjust; to accommodate.
    • Thy sustenance [] serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man’s liking.

Derived terms

  • mistemper
  • nontempering
  • retemper
  • temperable
  • temperedness
  • temperer
  • tempering
  • untemper
  • untempered
  • well-tempered

Translations

Further reading

  • temper in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • temper in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • tempre

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