hurt vs spite what difference

what is difference between hurt and spite

English

Etymology

From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter (“to ram into, strike, collide with”; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hȳrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Middle High German hurten (to push, bump, attack, storm, invade), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag), from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hû(r)t, IPA(key): /hɜːt/
  • (General American) enPR: hûrt, IPA(key): /hɝt/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)t

Verb

hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (a person or animal) physical pain and/or injury.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
    He was deeply hurt he hadn’t been invited.
    The insult hurt.
  3. (intransitive) To be painful.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede.
    Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
    Every little hurts.

Synonyms

  • (to be painful): smart
  • (to cause physical pain and/or injury): wound, injure, dere

Derived terms

  • hurtle
  • wouldn’t hurt a fly

Translations

See also

  • ache

Adjective

hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
  2. Pained.

Synonyms

  • (wounded): imbrued, injured, wounded; see also Thesaurus:wounded
  • (pained): aching, sore, suffering

Translations

Noun

hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
      I have received a hurt.
    • The cause is a temperate conglutination ; for both bodies are clammy and viscous , and do bridle the deflux of humours to the hurts , without penning them in too much
    • The pains of sickness and hurts [] all men feel.
  3. (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.

Translations

Related terms

  • hurty

References

Anagrams

  • Ruth, Thur, ruth, thru, thur

German

Verb

hurt

  1. inflection of huren:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person plural present
    3. plural imperative

Polish

Etymology

From Middle High German hurt.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xurt/

Noun

hurt m inan

  1. wholesale

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) hurtowy
  • (nouns) hurtownia, hurtownik

Further reading

  • hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN


English

Alternative forms

  • spight (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • enPR: spīt, IPA(key): /spaɪt/
  • Rhymes: -aɪt

Etymology 1

From a shortening of Middle English despit, from Old French despit (whence despite), from Latin dēspectum (looking down on), from Latin dēspiciō (to look down, despise). Compare also Dutch spijt.

Noun

spite (usually uncountable, plural spites)

  1. Ill will or hatred toward another, accompanied with the desire to irritate, annoy, or thwart; a want to disturb or put out another; mild malice
    Synonyms: grudge, rancor.
    • Out of spite, the human beings pretended not to believe that it was Snowball who had destroyed the windmill: they said that it had fallen down because the walls were too thin.
    • 2014, Emivita, By Any Means Necessary: My Personal Struggles with Good and Evil
      sex with older men was a way to both internalize my spite towards my mother and to find security in a father figure I lacked with my own father.
  2. (obsolete) Vexation; chagrin; mortification.
Translations

Verb

spite (third-person singular simple present spites, present participle spiting, simple past and past participle spited)

  1. (transitive) To treat maliciously; to try to hurt or thwart.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To be angry at; to hate.
    • The Danes, then [] pagans, principally spited places of religion.
  3. (transitive) To fill with spite; to offend; to vex.
Related terms
  • spiteful
  • in spite of
  • despite
Translations

See also

  • malignant
  • malicious

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition

spite

  1. Notwithstanding; despite.

Anagrams

  • IP set, piets, piste, septi-, stipe

Esperanto

Etymology

From English spite.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈspi.te/

Adverb

spite

  1. in spite of
  2. defiantly

Usage notes

Often used with the accusative or with the preposition al.

Derived terms

  • spit
  • spiti

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈspʲi.tɛ/

Adjective

spite

  1. inflection of spity:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular
    2. nonvirile nominative/accusative/vocative plural

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