hurt vs suffer what difference

what is difference between hurt and suffer

English

Etymology

From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (to injure, scathe, knock together), from Old Northern French hurter (“to ram into, strike, collide with”; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (a battering ram), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (to fall, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (to fall, beat, smash, strike, break); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hȳrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (to push against, strike), Middle Low German hurten (to run at, collide with), Middle High German hurten (to push, bump, attack, storm, invade), Old Norse hrútr (battering ram).

Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (ram (male sheep)), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (stag), from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (hart, male deer), which would relate it to English hart (male deer). See hart.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hû(r)t, IPA(key): /hɜːt/
  • (General American) enPR: hûrt, IPA(key): /hɝt/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)t

Verb

hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (a person or animal) physical pain and/or injury.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
    He was deeply hurt he hadn’t been invited.
    The insult hurt.
  3. (intransitive) To be painful.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede.
    Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
    Every little hurts.

Synonyms

  • (to be painful): smart
  • (to cause physical pain and/or injury): wound, injure, dere

Derived terms

  • hurtle
  • wouldn’t hurt a fly

Translations

See also

  • ache

Adjective

hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)

  1. Wounded, physically injured.
  2. Pained.

Synonyms

  • (wounded): imbrued, injured, wounded; see also Thesaurus:wounded
  • (pained): aching, sore, suffering

Translations

Noun

hurt (plural hurts)

  1. An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
  2. (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
    • 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
      I have received a hurt.
    • The cause is a temperate conglutination ; for both bodies are clammy and viscous , and do bridle the deflux of humours to the hurts , without penning them in too much
    • The pains of sickness and hurts [] all men feel.
  3. (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
  4. (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
  5. (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
  6. A husk.

Translations

Related terms

  • hurty

References

Anagrams

  • Ruth, Thur, ruth, thru, thur

German

Verb

hurt

  1. inflection of huren:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person plural present
    3. plural imperative

Polish

Etymology

From Middle High German hurt.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xurt/

Noun

hurt m inan

  1. wholesale

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) hurtowy
  • (nouns) hurtownia, hurtownik

Further reading

  • hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN


English

Etymology

From Middle English suffren, from Anglo-Norman suffrir, from Latin sufferō (to offer, hold up, bear, suffer), from sub- (up, under) + ferō (I carry), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry). Displaced native teen.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsʌfə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsʌfɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌfə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: suf‧fer

Verb

suffer (third-person singular simple present suffers, present participle suffering, simple past and past participle suffered)

  1. (intransitive) To undergo hardship.
    Synonym: bear
  2. (intransitive) To feel pain.
    Synonyms: agonize, anguish, thole; see also Thesaurus:suffer
  3. (intransitive) To become worse.
    Synonyms: deteriorate, worsen; see also Thesaurus:worsen
  4. (transitive) To endure, undergo.
    Synonyms: bear, dree, thole; see also Thesaurus:tolerate
  5. (transitive, archaic, law) To allow.
    Synonym: permit
    • 1938, The U.S. Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 203:
      “Employ” includes to suffer or permit to work.
    • 1978, Section 31-36 of the Code of Montgomery County, Maryland:
      [] it shall be unlawful for any person to cause, allow, permit or suffer any vehicle to be parked [] beyond the period of time established by the duration of the parking meter []

Derived terms

Related terms

  • sublate
  • sublation

Translations

Anagrams

  • ruffes, suffre

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ʏfər

Etymology 1

Adjective

suffer

  1. Comparative form of suf

Etymology 2

Noun

suffer m (plural suffers)

  1. Alternative form of sufferd

Latin

Verb

suffer

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sufferō

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