hyaena vs hyena what difference

what is difference between hyaena and hyena

English

Noun

hyaena (plural hyaenas or hyaenae)

  1. Alternative spelling of hyena

Latin

Alternative forms

  • yaena

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ὕαινα (húaina).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /hyˈae̯.na/, [hyˈäe̯nä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /iˈe.na/, [iˈɛːnɑ]

Noun

hyaena f (genitive hyaenae); first declension

  1. a hyena

Declension

First-declension noun.

Synonyms

  • belbus

References

  • hyaena in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hyaena in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hyaena in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Alternative forms

  • hyaena; hyæna (dated)

Etymology

From Middle English hiena, variant of hyene, from Old French hiene, from Medieval Latin hyēna, from Latin hyaena, from Ancient Greek ὕαινα (húaina). Displaced native Old English nihtgenġe (literally “night walker”).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hī-ēʹnə, IPA(key): /haɪˈiːnə/

Noun

hyena (plural hyenas or hyena or hyenae)

  1. Any of the medium-sized to large feliform carnivores of the subfamily Hyaeninae (genera Hyaena and Crocuta), native to Africa and Asia and noted for the sound similar to laughter which they can make if excited.
    • 2003, Anne Engh, Kay E. Holekamp, Case Study 5A: Maternal Rank “Inheritance” in the Spotted Hyena, Frans B. M. De Waal, Peter L Tyack (editors), Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies, page 149,
      Hyena biologists often think of spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) as baboons with big teeth and relatively small brains.
  2. (Sub-Saharan Africa) A man that performs ritualized sex acts with recently widowed women and menarchal girls.
    • see Citations:hyena

Usage notes

The hyena family, Hyaenidae, also includes the smaller insectivorous aardwolf, the sole survivor of a lineage regarded as more dog-like.

Derived terms

  • brown hyena (Hyaena brunnea)
  • laughing hyena (= spotted hyena)
  • spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta)
  • striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena)

Translations

See also

  • aardwolf (Proteles cristatus)

Anagrams

  • Haney, Hayne

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦɪjɛna]

Noun

hyena f

  1. hyena (large carnivore)

Declension

Related terms

  • hyenismus
  • hyení

Further reading

  • hyena in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • hyena in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin hyaena, from Ancient Greek ὕαινα (húaina).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦiˈjeːnaː/
  • Hyphenation: hy‧e‧na

Noun

hyena f (plural hyena’s, diminutive hyenaatje n)

  1. hyena, any member of the family Hyaenidae

Derived terms

  • bruine hyena
  • gestreepte hyena
  • gevlekte hyena
  • hyenahond

Italian

Noun

hyena f (plural hyene)

  1. Obsolete spelling of iena

Swedish

Noun

hyena c

  1. a hyena

Declension

See also

  • hund
  • hynda

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