Hypothesis vs Hypotheses what difference

what is difference between Hypothesis and Hypotheses

English

Etymology

Recorded since 1596, from Middle French hypothese, from Late Latin hypothesis, from Ancient Greek ὑπόθεσις (hupóthesis, base, basis of an argument, supposition, literally a placing under), itself from ὑποτίθημι (hupotíthēmi, I set before, suggest), from ὑπό (hupó, below) + τίθημι (títhēmi, I put, place).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /haɪˈpɒθɪsɪs/, /hɪˈpɒθɪsɪs/, /həˈpɒθɪsɪs/, /-əsəs/, /-əsɪs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /haɪˈpɑː.θə.sɪs/

Noun

hypothesis (plural hypotheses)

  1. (sciences) Used loosely, a tentative conjecture explaining an observation, phenomenon or scientific problem that can be tested by further observation, investigation and/or experimentation. As a scientific term of art, see the attached quotation. Compare to theory, and quotation given there.
    • 2005, Ronald H. Pine, http://www.csicop.org/specialarticles/show/intelligent_design_or_no_model_creationism, 15 October 2005:
      Far too many of us have been taught in school that a scientist, in the course of trying to figure something out, will first come up with a “hypothesis” (a guess or surmise—not necessarily even an “educated” guess). … [But t]he word “hypothesis” should be used, in science, exclusively for a reasoned, sensible, knowledge-informed explanation for why some phenomenon exists or occurs. An hypothesis can be as yet untested; can have already been tested; may have been falsified; may have not yet been falsified, although tested; or may have been tested in a myriad of ways countless times without being falsified; and it may come to be universally accepted by the scientific community. An understanding of the word “hypothesis,” as used in science, requires a grasp of the principles underlying Occam’s Razor and Karl Popper’s thought in regard to “falsifiability”—including the notion that any respectable scientific hypothesis must, in principle, be “capable of” being proven wrong (if it should, in fact, just happen to be wrong), but none can ever be proved to be true. One aspect of a proper understanding of the word “hypothesis,” as used in science, is that only a vanishingly small percentage of hypotheses could ever potentially become a theory.
  2. (general) An assumption taken to be true for the purpose of argument or investigation.
  3. (grammar) The antecedent of a conditional statement.

Synonyms

  • supposition
  • theory
  • thesis
  • educated guess
  • guess
  • See also Thesaurus:supposition

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations


Latin

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ὑπόθεσις (hupóthesis, hypothesis, noun).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /hyˈpo.tʰe.sis/, [hʏˈpɔt̪ʰɛs̠ɪs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /iˈpo.te.sis/, [iˈpɔːt̪ɛs̬is]

Noun

hypothesis f (genitive hypothesis or hypotheseōs or hypothesios); third declension

  1. hypothesis

Declension


Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.

  • There is also genitive plural hypotheseōn.
  • The genitive singular is also spelled hypotheseωs and the genitive plural hypotheseωn.


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /haɪˈpɒθəˌsiːz/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /haɪˈpɑːθəˌsiːz/

Noun

hypotheses

  1. plural of hypothesis


Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

hypotheses

  1. Plural form of hypothese

Latin

Noun

hypothesēs

  1. nominative plural of hypothesis
  2. accusative plural of hypothesis
  3. vocative plural of hypothesis

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial