Independence vs Autonomy what difference

what is difference between Independence and Autonomy

English

Alternative forms

  • independance (obsolete)

Etymology

From French indépendance

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪndɪˈpɛndəns/
  • Hyphenation: in‧de‧pend‧ence

Noun

independence (countable and uncountable, plural independences)

  1. The quality or state of being independent; lack of dependence; the state of not being reliant on, or controlled by, others.
  2. The state of having sufficient means for a comfortable livelihood.

Derived terms

Translations



English

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek αὐτονομῐ́ᾱ (autonomíā, freedom to use its own laws, independence), from αὐτόνομος (autónomos, living under one’s own laws, independent) +‎ -ῐ́ᾱ (-íā, -y, -ia, nominal suffix). Surface analysis auto- (self) +‎ -nomy (a system of rules or laws about a particular field).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɔːˈtɒn.əm.i/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɔˈtɑn.əm.i/
  • (Canada, cot–caught merger) IPA(key): /ɑˈtɑn.əm.i/
  • Rhymes: -ɒnəmi

Noun

autonomy (countable and uncountable, plural autonomies)

  1. (uncountable) The right or condition of self-government; freedom to act or function independently.
    Synonym: sovereignty
    Antonyms: dependency, nonautonomy, inoperability
    1. (government, countable) A self-governing country or region.
  2. (philosophy, uncountable) The capacity to make an informed, uncoerced decision.
  3. (mechanics, uncountable) The capacity of a system to make a decision about its actions without the involvement of another system or operator.
    Antonyms: heteronomy, incapacity
  4. (Christianity, uncountable) The status of a church whose highest-ranking bishop is appointed by the patriarch of the mother church, but which is self-governing in all other respects. Compare autocephaly.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

References

  • “autonomy”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • “autonomy”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary, (Please provide a date or year).

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