Joule vs Calorie what difference

what is difference between Joule and Calorie

English

Etymology

Named after English physicist James Prescott Joule (1818–1889). The surname is a variant of Joel.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: jūl, joul, IPA(key): /dʒuːl/, /dʒaʊl/
  • Rhymes: -uːl, -aʊl
  • Homophones: jewel, jowl

Noun

joule (plural joules)

  1. In the International System of Units, the derived unit of energy, work and heat; the work required to exert a force of one newton for a distance of one metre. Also equal to the energy of one watt of power for a duration of one second. Symbol: J

Translations

Further reading

  • joule on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈdʒau̯l]
  • Hyphenation: joule

Noun

joule m inan

  1. joule (the derived unit of energy, work and heat)

Declension

Derived terms

  • kilojoule
  • megajoule
  • gigajoule
  • terajoule
  • petajoule
  • exajoule

Further reading

  • joule in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • joule in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule

Finnish

Noun

joule

  1. joule (unit of measure)

Declension


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒul/

Noun

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule (unit of measure)

Further reading

  • “joule” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

From English joule, and this named after the English physicist James Prescott Joule.

Noun

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule

Synonyms

  • xulio

Italian

Noun

joule m (invariable)

  1. joule

Portuguese

Noun

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule (derived unit of energy, work and heat)

Romanian

Etymology

From French joule.

Noun

joule m (plural jouli)

  1. joule

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From English joule, and this named after the English physicist James Prescott Joule.

Noun

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule
    Synonym: julio


English

Alternative forms

  • calory (dated)

Etymology

Borrowed from French calorie, formed from Latin calor.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæləɹi/

Noun

calorie (plural calories)

  1. (nutrition) Kilogram calorie or large calorie. A unit of energy 1000 times larger than the gram calorie. It is equivalent to the gram kilocalorie, approximately 4.2 kilojoules.
  2. (physics, chemistry, obsolete) The gram calorie or small calorie, a non-SI unit of energy, equivalent to approximately 4.2 joules. This unit was widely used in chemistry and physics, being the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 °C.

Usage notes

  • Most scientific studies are now carried out using the joule (an SI unit).
  • In nutritional contexts the term calorie refers to the kilogram calorie and the term kilocalorie refers to 1000 gram calories. Thus the two terms are equivalent.
  • Calorie counters, such as those on fitness bikes, use the first, more modern, definition.
  • European legislation now requires foods to be labelled with the term kilocalorie.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • Coralie, cariole, coalier, loricae

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from French calorie.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɑloːˈri/
  • Hyphenation: ca‧lo‧rie
  • Rhymes: -i

Noun

calorie f (plural calorieën, diminutive calorietje n)

  1. calorie

Derived terms

  • calorisch

French

Etymology

1845, formed from Latin calor + -ie. Cf. also French chaleur.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ka.lɔ.ʁi/

Noun

calorie f (plural calories)

  1. calorie

Further reading

  • “calorie” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • Coralie

Italian

Noun

calorie f

  1. plural of caloria

Anagrams

  • colerai

Romanian

Etymology

From French calorie

Noun

calorie f (plural calorii)

  1. calorie

Declension


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