Lateral vs Horizontal what difference

what is difference between Lateral and Horizontal

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin laterālis (belonging to the side), from latus (the side or flank) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlæt.ə.ɹəl/, /ˈlæt.ɹəl/
  • Rhymes: -ætəɹəl

Adjective

lateral (comparative more lateral, superlative most lateral)

  1. To the side; of or pertaining to the side.
    1. (anatomy, zootomy) Situated on one side or other of the body or of an organ, especially in the region furthest from the median plane.
      Antonym: medial
    2. (medicine) Affecting the side or sides of the body, or confined to one side of the body.
    3. (physics) Acting or placed at right angles to a line of motion or strain.
  2. (Britain) Non-linear or unconventional, as in, lateral thinking.
  3. (phonetics, phonology) (of a consonant, especially the English clear l) Pertaining to sounds generated by partially blocking the egress of the airstream with the tip of the tongue touching the alveolar ridge, leaving space on one or both sides of the occlusion for air passage.

Antonyms

  • (geometric): longitudinal, vertical

Coordinate terms

  • (human anatomy direction adjectives) anterior,‎ distal,‎ dorsal,‎ lateral,‎ medial,‎ posterior,‎ proximal,‎ ventral (Category: en:Medicine) [edit]

Derived terms

Related terms

  • vastus lateralis

Translations

Noun

lateral (plural laterals)

  1. An object, such as a passage or a protrusion, that is situated on the side of something else.
  2. (linguistics) A sound produced through lateral pronunciation (such as /l/ in lateral).
    Coordinate terms: approximant, fricative, nasal, trill, plosive
  3. (American football) A lateral pass.
  4. (business) An employee hired for a position at the same organizational level or salary as their previous position.

Translations

See also

  • lateral consonant on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Verb

lateral (third-person singular simple present laterals, present participle lateralling or lateraling, simple past and past participle lateralled or lateraled)

  1. To move (oneself or something) in a lateral direction.
  2. (American football) To execute a lateral pass.

Derived terms

  • lateraling

References

  • “lateral”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • “lateral”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary, (Please provide a date or year).
  • lateral in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin laterālis.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /lə.təˈɾal/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /la.teˈɾal/

Adjective

lateral (masculine and feminine plural laterals)

  1. lateral

Derived terms

  • lateralitzar
  • lateralment

Noun

lateral m or f (plural laterals)

  1. wingback
  2. (castells) a casteller in the pinya, who stands beside the baix and holds the legs of one of the segons to prevent them from swaying sideways.

Further reading

  • “lateral” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “lateral” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “lateral” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “lateral” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

German

Etymology

In the 20th century, from Latin laterālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lateˈʁaːl/
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

lateral (not comparable)

  1. lateral

Declension


Interlingua

Adjective

lateral (not comparable)

  1. lateral

Portuguese

Adjective

lateral m or f (plural laterais, comparable)

  1. lateral (of, pertaining to or located in the side)
  2. of lesser importance

Noun

lateral f (plural laterais)

  1. (sports) sideline (line defining the side boundary of a playing field)
  2. (sports) throw-in (set-piece where the ball is thrown back into play)
  3. (phonetics) lateral (sound in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue)

Noun

lateral m, f (plural laterais)

  1. (sports) winger (offensive player who plays on either side of the centre)
    Synonym: ala

Romanian

Etymology

From French latéral, from Latin lateralis.

Adjective

lateral m or n (feminine singular laterală, masculine plural laterali, feminine and neuter plural laterale)

  1. lateral

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin lateralis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lateˈɾal/, [la.t̪eˈɾal]
  • Rhymes: -al

Adjective

lateral (plural laterales)

  1. lateral, to the side
  2. (linguistics) lateral

Derived terms

  • anterolateral
  • inferolateral
  • saque lateral
  • superolateral

Related terms

  • lado

Noun

lateral m or f (plural laterales)

  1. (soccer) wingback
  2. (linguistics) lateral

Further reading

  • “lateral” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.


English

Etymology

Borrowed from French horizontal.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌhɒɹɪˈzɒntəl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌhɔːɹəˈzɑːntəl/

Adjective

horizontal (comparative more horizontal, superlative most horizontal)

  1. perpendicular to the vertical; parallel to the plane of the horizon; level, flat
  2. (marketing) relating to horizontal markets
  3. (archaic) pertaining to the horizon
    • 1667: As when the Sun new ris’n / Looks through the Horizontal misty Air — John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 1, ll. 594-5
  4. (wine tasting) involving wines of the same vintages but from different wineries
  5. (music) Of an interval: having the two notes sound successively.
    Synonyms: linear, melodic
    Antonym: vertical

Antonyms

  • vertical

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

horizontal (plural horizontals)

  1. a horizontal component of a structure
  2. (geology) horizon
  3. a Tasmanian shrub or small tree whose main trunk tends to lean over and grow horizontally, Anodopetalum biglandulosum

Translations

Anagrams

  • notorhizal

Albanian

Etymology

Probably from English horizontal; the -al adjectival suffix is neither native to Albanian, nor was it borrowed from Latin earlier on.

Adjective

horizontal m (feminine horizontale)

  1. horizontal

Related terms

  • horizont

Asturian

Adjective

horizontal (epicene, plural horizontales)

  1. horizontal
    Antonym: vertical

Related terms

  • horizonte

French

Alternative forms

  • horisontal

Etymology

Derived from Latin horizōn (horizon) + -ālis (suffix forming adjectives from nouns).

Pronunciation

  • (mute h) IPA(key): /ɔ.ʁi.zɔ̃.tal/
  • Homophones: horisontal, horisontale, horisontales, horizontale, horizontales

Adjective

horizontal (feminine singular horizontale, masculine plural horizontaux, feminine plural horizontales)

  1. horizontal
    Antonym: vertical

Derived terms

  • horizontalement

Related terms

  • horizon

Further reading

  • “horizontal” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Adjective

horizontal m or f (plural horizontais)

  1. horizontal
    Antonym: vertical

Derived terms

  • horizontalmente

Related terms

  • horizonte

German

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

horizontal (not comparable)

  1. horizontal
    Synonyms: waagrecht, waagerecht
    Antonyms: vertikal, senkrecht

Declension

Derived terms

  • Horizontale

Further reading

  • “horizontal” in Duden online

Portuguese

Adjective

horizontal m or f (plural horizontais, not comparable)

  1. horizontal
    Antonym: vertical

Derived terms

  • horizontalmente

Related terms

  • horizonte

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /oɾiθonˈtal/, [o.ɾi.θõn̪ˈt̪al]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /oɾisonˈtal/, [o.ɾi.sõn̪ˈt̪al]

Adjective

horizontal (plural horizontales)

  1. horizontal
    Antonym: vertical
  2. landscape (a mode of printing where the horizontal sides are longer than the vertical sides; in smartphones)
    Antonym: vertical

Derived terms

  • horizontalmente

Related terms

  • horizonte

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