Most common gerunds and infinitives

Verbs Followed by the Gerund

VerbDefinitionExample Sentence
abhorto hateJohn abhors working outdoors.
acknowledgeto recognize what someone has doneShe acknowledges his working hard on the project.
admitto say that you have donePeter admits wasting time and money.
adviseto give adviceI advise saving a little money every month.
allowto permitShe allows using smartphones in class.
anticipateto expectI anticipate visiting New York next month.
appreciateto be grateful forJack appreciates your helping him out with the project.
avoidto try not to doShe avoids dating men over 30.
be worthto be a good idea to spend the time onIt’s worth spending some time on the grammar.
can’t helpto be able to not doTom can’t help complaining about the heat.
celebrateto party aboutWe’ll celebrate working together for over 50 years.
confessto admit that you didAlice confessed stealing the money from her sister.
considerto think aboutWe’re considering buying a new house.
defendto give reasons why you didThey defend purchasing the new car because they have two jobs.
delayto postpone, put offWe’re going to delay meeting until next week.
detestto hate, despiseJack detests learning new vocabulary.
discontinueto stop doing, providingThe store discontinued providing customer service on demand.
discussto talk aboutWe like to discuss learning techniques.
disliketo not likeBob dislikes having to work so hard.
disputeto say you didn’t doThey dispute stealing the merchandise.
dreadto fear doing or experiencingI dread taking tests.
endureto go throughWe endured listening to him for three hours.
enjoyto have a good time doingSarah enjoys cooking fine dinners.
escapeto get away fromThe students escaped taking the test because the fire alarm rang.
evadeto avoidHe evades doing yard work on Saturdays.
explainto give details aboutHe’ll explain purchasing online next week.
fancyto like very muchThey fancy eating donuts.
fearto be afraid ofI fear flying in airplanes.
feignto pretend to doMary feigns not knowing anything.
finishto stop doingWe finished shopping and went home.
forgiveto not be angry at someone anymoreThey forgave stealing the candy as the children didn’t know it was wrong.
keepto continue doingWe keep studying the same grammar every week.
mentionto say in passingThey mentioned buying a new car last week.
mindto object toI don’t mind smoking.
missto want something you don’t haveI miss having more free time.
necessitateto require to doThe job necessitates lifting heavy objects.
omitto leave out, deleteWe omitted discussing the new Smith account during the meeting.
permitto allowWe’ll permit fishing on Saturdays.
pictureto imagineDoug pictures retiring to Brazil.
postponeto put off, delayWe postponed traveling to Chicago for a week.
practiceto do over and over againPractice playing scales for 30 minutes every day.
recallto rememberYes, I recall buying that book.
recollectto rememberTom recollects playing baseball as a child.
recommendto tell someone they should do somethingThey recommend purchasing insurance with this product.
reportto tell aboutTim reported spending twelve hours on the job.
resentto not like that something that someone doesSusan resents having to work so hard.
resistto try to avoid doingMany students resist studying more than two hours a day.
resumeto start doing againWe resumed speaking about the problem at the meeting.
riskto take a chance onJack risks making everyone angry with his stupid statements.
shirkto not do something you should doDan shirked paying for the children’s meal.
shunto avoid contact withDon’t shun spending time with those you don’t know very well.
suggestto say someone should do somethingI suggest buying a new camera.
supportto help someone with words, thoughts or moneyThey supported our going to the doctor for help.
understandto comprehendHe understands investing in the stock market.
urgeto suggest stronglyI urge spending some time learning the program.
warrantto provide the reasons for doingThe situation warrants investigating Mr. Todd.

Verbs Followed by the Infinitive

VerbDefinitionExample Sentence
agreeto say you will doTom agreed to help me with the work.
appearto seem to beShe appeared to wait for a moment.
arrangeto put in some orderI arranged to meet David next week.
askto inquireThey asked to join us for dinner.
attemptto tryDoug attempted to say something.
begto urgently ask forThe man begged to receive some help.
can/can’t affordto permitI can’t afford to spend time doing this.
can/can’t waitto allow time forSusan can’t wait to see Tom next week.
careto have feelings forShe cares to comment about the situation.
chanceto tryI chanced to give it a taste and it was good.
chooseto make a choiceChris chose to not visit his friends last weekend.
claimto say is trueDick claims to see UFOs!
cometo arrive atThey came to purchase a new car.
consentto agree toMartha consented to instruct the children.
dareto risk doingWe dared to take some time off work.
decideto make a decisionHe decided to go to university in San Francisco.
demandto insistI demand to receive help now!
deserveto meritPeter deserves to have his time off this week.
determineto come to the conclusionWe determined to finish the project by the end of next year.
electto chooseAlice elected to not come with us to the presentation.
endeavorto tryThe company endeavors to provide the best possible service.
expectto feel something should happenShe expects to arrive in 30 minutes.
failto not succeedUnfortunately, they failed to get enough votes for the measure.
getto receiveWe got to see our friends last week.
guaranteeto say will happenThey guarantee to finish the work before 5 o’clock.
hesitateto not be sure aboutShe hesitated to say yes, but in the end, did.
hopeto want to happenI hope to see you soon.
hurryto go to quicklyMack is hurrying to finish the report by 3 this afternoon.
inclineto tend towardsHe is inclined to not come to parties.
learnto study and memorizeThe children learned to do many things at camp this summer.
manageto do with difficultyDon managed to finish the job on time.
meanto intendDan means to speak with you this evening.
needto have to have/doWe need to think about this some more.
neglectto not do something you should doThe man neglected to give me all the information.
offerto say you will do, give, provideWe offered to help them with their homework.
payto spend money onWe paid to become informed about the matter.
planto think about the futureI plan to visit Chicago someday.
prepareto get ready forThey are preparing to leave on vacation.
pretendto act as ifThe boy pretended to be a ghost.
professto believeLori professes to believe in UFOs.
promiseto say you will doI promise to come over tonight for dinner.
refuseto say you will not doJane refused to do what he asked.
remainto stayI remained to finish the work until 8 o’clock.
requestto ask forThe man requested to speak to a lawyer.
resolveto decide to doWe resolved to clean up the house this summer.
sayto tell someoneHe said to tell you hi!
seekto look forThey are seeking to receive $1,000,000 in damages.
seemto appearIt seems to be very easy.
shudderto physically react to something you do not likeI shudder to think about all the problems in the world.
striveto try hard to doFrank strove to meet all the demands of his boss.
struggleto work hard to doThe students struggle to understand all the grammar.
swearto promise to doI swear to be a good boy in the future.
tendto usually doDianne tends to waste time on the telephone.
threatento say you will do a bad thing to someoneThe boss threatened to fire everyone.
volunteerto say you will helpThey volunteered to help with the cooking.
waitto let time passWe waited to see the doctor for three hours.
wantto desireI want to help you.
wishto want to doShe wishes to visit her parents in Ireland.
would liketo wantI’d like to have a steak, please.
yearnto desire very stronglyI yearn to finish work today!

Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund.

  • enjoy: I enjoyed living in France.
  • fancy: I fancy seeing a film tonight.
  • discuss: We discussed going on holiday together.
  • dislike: I dislike waiting for buses.
  • finish: We’ve finished preparing for the meeting.
  • mind: I don’t mind coming early.
  • suggest: He suggested staying at the Grand Hotel.
  • recommend: They recommended meeting earlier.
  • keep: He kept working, although he felt ill.
  • avoid: She avoided talking to her boss.

And here are some common verbs followed by ‘to’ and the infinitive.

  • agree: She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting.
  • ask*: I asked to leave early / I asked him to leave early.
  • decide: We decided to go out for dinner.
  • help*: He helped to clean the kitchen / he helped his flatmate to clean the kitchen.
  • plan: She plans to buy a new flat next year.
  • hope: I hope to pass the exam.
  • learn: They are learning to sing.
  • want*: I want to come to the party / I want him to come to the party.
  • would like*: I would like to see her tonight / I would like you to see her tonight.
  • promise: We promised not to be late.

Here are some more verbs that are usually followed by the gerund

  • miss: She misses living near the beach.
  • appreciate: I appreciated her helping me.
  • delay: He delayed doing his taxes.
  • postpone: He postponed returning to Paris
  • practise: She practised singing the song.
  • consider: She considered moving to New York.
  • can’t stand: He can’t stand her smoking in the office.
  • can’t help: He can’t help talking so loudly.
  • risk: He risked being caught.
  • admit: He admitted cheating on the test.

And here are some more verbs followed by ‘to’ and the infinitive.

  • can afford: We can’t afford to go on holiday.
  • manage: He managed to open the door without the key.
  • prepare*: They prepared to take the test /
    the teachers prepared the students to take the test.
  • demand: He demanded to speak to Mr. Harris.
  • choose: I chose to help.
  • offer: Frank offered to drive us to the supermarket.
  • wait: She waited to buy a movie ticket.
  • would hate*: I’d hate to be late / I’d hate you to be late.
  • would love*: I’d love to come / I’d love him to come.
  • seem: Nancy seemed to be disappointed.

Here are some more verbs that are usually followed by the gerund

  • miss: She misses living near the beach.
  • appreciate: I appreciated her helping me.
  • delay: He delayed doing his taxes.
  • postpone: He postponed returning to Paris
  • practise: She practised singing the song.
  • consider: She considered moving to New York.
  • can’t stand: He can’t stand her smoking in the office.
  • can’t help: He can’t help talking so loudly.
  • risk: He risked being caught.
  • admit: He admitted cheating on the test.

And here are some more verbs followed by ‘to’ and the infinitive.

  • can afford: We can’t afford to go on holiday.
  • manage: He managed to open the door without the key.
  • prepare*: They prepared to take the test /
    the teachers prepared the students to take the test.
  • demand: He demanded to speak to Mr. Harris.
  • choose: I chose to help.
  • offer: Frank offered to drive us to the supermarket.
  • wait: She waited to buy a movie ticket.
  • would hate*: I’d hate to be late / I’d hate you to be late.
  • would love*: I’d love to come / I’d love him to come.
  • seem: Nancy seemed to be disappointed.

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