what is difference between Nepotism and Cronyism
Borrowed from French népotisme, from Italian nepotismo, from Latin nepōs (“nephew”), a reference to the practice of popes appointing relatives (most often nephews) as cardinals during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
- (Received Pronunciation, US) IPA(key): /ˈnɛp.ə.tɪ.zəm/
nepotism (countable and uncountable, plural nepotisms)
- The favoring of relatives or personal friends because of their relationship rather than because of their abilities.
- Antonyms: meritocracy, merit system
- Coordinate term: cronyism
- 1989, Report on Business Magazine (volume 6, issues 1-6, page 100)
- Now retailers even demand deslotting or failure fees, a penalty for trial products that fail to meet their sales objectives. The struggle over display space heavily favors the incumbents and encourages what might be called brand nepotism.
- nepotism on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
Borrowed from French népotisme.
nepotism n (uncountable)
crony + -ism
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɹəʊ.ni.ɪ.zəm/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɹoʊ.ni.ɪ.zəm/
cronyism (countable and uncountable, plural cronyisms)
- Favoritism to friends without regard for their qualifications, especially by appointing them to political positions.
- Coordinate terms: nepotism, patronage
- 2013, Randall G. Holcombe and Andrea M. Castillo, Liberalism and Cronyism: Two Rival Political and Economic Systems, Mercatus Center at George Mason University (→ISBN)
- Because of this centralized command structure, communist societies fall prey to the forces of cronyism and influence-peddling as commune members without economic power curry favor with commune leaders that control access to resources.
- 2015, Thomas J. Gradel, Dick Simpson, Corrupt Illinois: Patronage, Cronyism, and Criminality, University of Illinois Press (→ISBN), page 117:
- Patronage, nepotism, cronyism, abuse of power, and criminal activity flourish, sometimes for decades, in numerous town halls, police stations, and special-purpose government agencies in the suburbs.
- “cronyism”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.