Perpendicular vs Orthogonal what difference

what is difference between Perpendicular and Orthogonal

English

Etymology

From Middle French perpendiculaire, from Old French perpendiculer, from Latin perpendiculum (plumb line).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌpɜː.pənˈdɪk.jə.lə(ɹ)/ enPR: pû”pəndĭ’kyələ(r),
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɝ.pɛnˈdɪk.ju.lɚ/, /pɝ.pənˈdɪk.jə.lɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪkjʊlə(ɹ)

Adjective

perpendicular (comparative more perpendicular, superlative most perpendicular)

  1. (geometry) at or forming a right angle (to something).
    Synonyms: normal, orthogonal
  2. Exactly upright; extending in a straight line toward the centre of the earth, etc.
  3. Independent of or irrelevant to each other; orthogonal.
    • 2019 May 31, David M. Willis, “Wrangled”, Dumbing of Age:
      Hey, I’m not unsabotaging anything! This is completely perpendicular sabotage!

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

perpendicular (plural perpendiculars)

  1. (geometry) A line or plane that is perpendicular to another.
  2. A device such as a plumb line that is used in making or marking a perpendicular line.
  3. (obsolete, slang) A meal eaten at a tavern bar while standing up.

Translations

See also

  • ⟂ (This symbol can be pronounced “perp” when used as a subscript of a letter representing a vector.)

Catalan

Etymology

From Late Latin perpendiculāris, from perpendiculum.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /pəɾ.pən.di.kuˈla/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /pər.pən.di.kuˈla/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /peɾ.pen.di.kuˈlaɾ/

Adjective

perpendicular (masculine and feminine plural perpendiculars)

  1. perpendicular

Derived terms

  • perpendicularment

Noun

perpendicular f (plural perpendiculars)

  1. perpendicular

Further reading

  • “perpendicular” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “perpendicular” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “perpendicular” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “perpendicular” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Late Latin perpendiculāris, from perpendiculum.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɨɾ.pẽ.di.ku.ˈlaɾ/
  • Hyphenation: per‧pen‧di‧cu‧lar

Adjective

perpendicular (plural perpendiculares, comparable)

  1. perpendicular

Noun

perpendicular f (plural perpendiculares)

  1. perpendicular

Derived terms


Romanian

Etymology

From French perpendiculaire

Noun

perpendicular f (plural perpendiculare)

  1. perpendicular

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Late Latin perpendiculāris, from perpendiculum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /peɾpendikuˈlaɾ/, [peɾ.pẽn̪.d̪i.kuˈlaɾ]

Adjective

perpendicular (plural perpendiculares)

  1. perpendicular

Derived terms

  • perpendicularmente


English

Etymology

From French orthogonal, from Medieval Latin orthogonalis, from Latin orthogonius (right-angled).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɔːˈθɒɡənəl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɔɹˈθɑɡənəl/

Adjective

orthogonal (not comparable)

  1. (geometry) Of two objects, at right angles; perpendicular to each other.
  2. (mathematics)
    1. Of a pair of vectors: having a zero inner product; perpendicular.
    2. Of a square matrix: such that its transpose is equal to its inverse.
    3. Of a linear transformation: preserving its angles.
    4. Of grid graphs, board games and polyominoes: vertical or horizontal but not diagonal.
    5. Of a pair of elements in an ortholattice: each less than or equal to the orthocomplement of the other.
  3. (statistics) Statistically independent, with reference to variates.
  4. (software engineering) Of two or more aspects of a problem, able to be treated separately.
  5. Of two or more problems or subjects, independent of or irrelevant to each other.

Derived terms

  • orthogonality
  • orthogonals

Related terms

Translations

Noun

orthogonal (plural orthogonals)

  1. An orthogonal line

See also

  • uncorrelated

French

Etymology

From Medieval Latin orthogonalis, from Latin orthogonius (right-angled).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔʁ.to.ɡo.nal/

Adjective

orthogonal (feminine singular orthogonale, masculine plural orthogonaux, feminine plural orthogonales)

  1. orthogonal

Further reading

  • “orthogonal” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Etymology

From Medieval Latin orthogonalis, from Latin orthogonius (right-angled).

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

orthogonal (not comparable)

  1. orthogonal

Declension

Synonyms

  • senkrecht

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial