Pole vs Poll what difference

what is difference between Pole and Poll

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pəʊl/, /pɔʊl/
  • (US, Canada) IPA(key): /poʊl/
    • IPA(key): [pʰoʊ̯ɫ], [pʰoəɫ]
  • (US) IPA(key): [pʰoʊ̯ɫ]
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /pɔːl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl
  • Homophones: Pole, poll

Etymology 1

From Middle English pole, pal, from Old English pāl (a pole, stake, post; a kind of hoe or spade), from Proto-Germanic *palaz, *pālaz (pole), from Latin pālus (stake, pale, prop, stay) from Old Latin *paxlus, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ǵ- (to nail, fasten).

Noun

pole (plural poles)

  1. Originally, a stick; now specifically, a long and slender piece of metal or (especially) wood, used for various construction or support purposes.
  2. (fishing) A type of basic fishing rod.
  3. A long sports implement used for pole-vaulting; now made of glassfiber or carbon fiber, formerly also metal, bamboo and wood have been used.
  4. (slang, spotting) A telescope used to identify birds, aeroplanes or wildlife.
  5. (historical) A unit of length, equal to a rod (14 chain or 5+12 yards).
  6. (motor racing) Pole position.
  7. (US, African-American Vernacular, slang) A gun.
  8. (vulgar) A penis
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:stick
  • (unit of length): rod
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pole (third-person singular simple present poles, present participle poling, simple past and past participle poled)

  1. To propel by pushing with poles, to push with a pole.
  2. To identify something quite precisely using a telescope.
  3. (transitive) To furnish with poles for support.
  4. (transitive) To convey on poles.
  5. (transitive) To stir, as molten glass, with a pole.
  6. (transitive, baseball) To strike (the ball) very hard.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle French pole, pôle, from Latin polus, from Ancient Greek πόλος (pólos, axis of rotation).

Noun

pole (plural poles)

  1. Either of the two points on the earth’s surface around which it rotates; also, similar points on any other rotating object.
  2. A point of magnetic focus, especially each of the two opposing such points of a magnet (designated north and south).
  3. (geometry) A fixed point relative to other points or lines.
  4. (electricity) A contact on an electrical device (such as a battery) at which electric current enters or leaves.
  5. (complex analysis) For a meromorphic function



    f
    (
    z
    )


    {\displaystyle f(z)}

    , any point




    a


    {\displaystyle a}

    for which




    f
    (
    z
    )




    {\displaystyle f(z)\rightarrow \infty }

    as




    z

    a


    {\displaystyle z\rightarrow a}

    .

  6. (obsolete) The firmament; the sky.
    • 1634, John Milton, Comus, 1817, Paradise Regained… To which is added a complete collection of his miscellaneous poems, page 211,
      And the slope sun his upward beam / Shoots against the dusky pole,
  7. Either of the states that characterize a bipolar disorder.
Antonyms
  • (complex analysis): zero
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pole (third-person singular simple present poles, present participle poling, simple past and past participle poled)

  1. (transitive) To induce piezoelectricity in (a substance) by aligning the dipoles.

Anagrams

  • LEPO, lope, olpe, pleo-

Aiwoo

Verb

pole

  1. to work (in a garden or field)

References

  • Ross, M. & Næss, Å. (2007) , “An Oceanic origin for Äiwoo, the language of the Reef Islands?”, in Oceanic Linguistics, volume 46, issue 2. Cited in: “Äiwoo” in Greenhill, S.J., Blust, R., & Gray, R.D. (2008). The Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: From Bioinformatics to Lexomics. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 4:271-283.

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Middle High German boln.

Verb

pole

  1. (Uri) to make noise, clatter, rumble

References

  • Abegg, Emil, (1911) Die Mundart von Urseren (Beiträge zur Schweizerdeutschen Grammatik. IV.) [The Dialect of Urseren], Frauenfeld, Switzerland: Huber & Co., page 35.

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *poľe.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈpolɛ]

Noun

pole n

  1. (agriculture) field
  2. (physics) field
  3. (algebra) field
  4. (computing) field
  5. (programming) array

Declension

Synonyms

  • komutativní těleso n (algebra)

Further reading

  • pole in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pole in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Adverb

pole

  1. in Polish

Estonian

Etymology

Contraction of ep ole (Modern: ei ole). ep is the old 3rd person singular form of the negative verb.

Verb

pole

  1. Alternative form of ei ole

Galician

Etymology 1

From Latin pollen.

Noun

pole m (plural poles)

  1. pollen
  2. (motor racing) Pole position.
Synonyms
  • primeira posición

Etymology 2

See pulir.

Verb

pole

  1. Third-person singular (el, ela, vostede?) present indicative of pulir

Latin

Noun

pole

  1. vocative singular of polus

References

  • pole in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pole in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *pȍľe, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (whence English plain, plane, plan, piano, clan, plant, planet, place, floor, and flake).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɔ.lɛ/

Noun

pole n (diminutive poletko)

  1. field (land area; wide open space)
  2. (regional, singular only) outside
  3. (geometry) area
  4. (physics) field
  5. (computing) field

Declension

Derived terms

  • pole namiotowe
  • szukać wiatru w polu

Related terms

  • Polska
  • English: Poland

Further reading

  • pole in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pole in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

Noun

pole (Cyrillic spelling поле)

  1. vocative singular of pol

Spanish

Etymology

From English pole.

Noun

pole m (plural poles)

  1. (motor racing) Pole position
    Synonym: primera posición

Verb

pole

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of polir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of polir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of polir.

Swahili

Pronunciation

Interjection

pole (plural poleni)

  1. sorry

See also

  • samahani

Adjective

-pole (declinable)

  1. calm, gentle

Inflection

Derived terms
  • Nominal derivations:
    • upole (gentleness)


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English pol, polle (“scalp, pate”), probably from or else cognate with Middle Dutch pol, pōle, polle (top, summit; head), from Proto-Germanic *pullaz (round object, head, top), from Proto-Indo-European *bolno-, *bōwl- (orb, round object, bubble), from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (to blow, swell).

Akin to Scots pow (head, crown, skalp, skull), Saterland Frisian pol (round, full, brimming), Low German polle (head, tree-top, bulb), Danish puld (crown of a hat), Swedish dialectal pull (head). Meaning “collection of votes” is first recorded 1625, from notion of “counting heads”.

Alternative forms

  • pol, pole

Pronunciation

  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /pɔl/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /pəʊl/, /pɔʊl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /poʊl/
  • Homophones: pole, Pole

Noun

poll (plural polls)

  1. A survey of people, usually statistically analyzed to gauge wider public opinion.
    Synonyms: election, survey
  2. A formal election.
    • All soldiers quartered in place are to remove [] and not to return till one day after the poll is ended.
  3. A polling place (usually as plural, polling places)
  4. The result of the voting, the total number of votes recorded.
  5. (now rare outside veterinary contexts) The head, particularly the scalp or pate upon which hair (normally) grows.
    Synonym: scalp
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      [] the doctor, as if to hear better, had taken off his powdered wig, and sat there, looking very strange indeed with his own close-cropped black poll.
    • 1908, O. Henry, A Tempered Wind
      And you might perceive the president and general manager, Mr. R. G. Atterbury, with his priceless polished poll, busy in the main office room dictating letters..
  6. (in extended senses of the above) A mass of people, a mob or muster, considered as a head count.
  7. The broad or butt end of an axe or a hammer.
  8. The pollard or European chub, a kind of fish.
Derived terms
  • go to the polls
  • opinion poll
  • polling
  • straw poll
  • deed poll
Related terms
  • pollard
  • polliwog
  • tadpole
Translations

Verb

poll (third-person singular simple present polls, present participle polling, simple past and past participle polled)

  1. (transitive) To take, record the votes of (an electorate).
  2. (transitive) To solicit mock votes from (a person or group).
  3. (intransitive) To vote at an election.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Beaconsfield to this entry?)
  4. To register or deposit, as a vote; to elicit or call forth, as votes or voters.
    He polled a hundred votes more than his opponent.
    • 1717, Thomas Tickell, An Epistle from a Lady in England to a Gentleman at Avignon
      poll for points of faith his trusty vote
  5. To cut off; to remove by clipping, shearing, etc.; to mow or crop.
    to poll the hair; to poll wool; to poll grass
  6. (transitive) To cut the hair of (a creature).
    • when he [Absalom] polled his head
    • 1579-1603, Thomas North, Plutarch’s Lives
      His death did so grieve them that they polled themselves; they clipped off their horse and mule’s hairs.
  7. (transitive) To remove the horns of (an animal).
  8. To remove the top or end of; to clip; to lop.
    to poll a tree
  9. (transitive, computing, communication) To (repeatedly) request the status of something (such as a computer or printer on a network).
    The network hub polled the department’s computers to determine which ones could still respond.
  10. (intransitive, with adverb) To be judged in a poll.
    • 2008, Joanne McEvoy, The politics of Northern Ireland (page 171)
      The election was a resounding defeat for Robert McCartney who polled badly in the six constituencies he contested and even lost his own Assembly seat in North Down.
  11. (obsolete) To extort from; to plunder; to strip.
  12. To impose a tax upon.
  13. To pay as one’s personal tax.
    • the man that polled but twelve pence for his head
  14. To enter, as polls or persons, in a list or register; to enroll, especially for purposes of taxation; to enumerate one by one.
  15. (law) To cut or shave smooth or even; to cut in a straight line without indentation.
    a polled deed
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
Translations

Adjective

poll

  1. (of kinds of livestock which typically have horns) Bred without horns, and thus hornless.
    Poll Hereford
    Red Poll cows
    • 1757, The monthly review, or, literary journal, volume 17, page 416:
      Sheep, that is, the Horned sort, and those without Horns, called Poll Sheep […]
    • 1960, Frank O’Loghlen, Frank H. Johnston, Cattle country: an illustrated survey of the Australian beef cattle industry, a complete directory of the studs, page 85:
      About 15000 cattle, comprising 10000 Hereford and Poll Hereford, 4000 Aberdeen Angus and 1000 Shorthorn and Poll Shorthorn, are grazed […]
    • 1970, The Pastoral review, volume 80, page 457:
      Otherwise, both horned and poll sheep continue to be bred from an inner stud.

References

Etymology 2

Perhaps a shortening of Polly, a common name for pet parrots.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɒl/

Noun

poll (plural polls)

  1. A pet parrot.

Etymology 3

From Ancient Greek πολλοί (polloí, the many, the masses)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɒl/

Noun

poll (plural polls)

  1. (Britain, dated, Cambridge University) One who does not try for honors at university, but is content to take a degree merely; a passman.

See also

  • gentleman’s C

References

  • Webster’s Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈpoʎ/

Etymology 1

From Old Occitan, from Latin pullus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *polH- (animal young).

Noun

poll m (plural polls)

  1. chicken (bird)
Derived terms
  • polla
  • pollam
  • pollet
  • pollís
Related terms
  • pollastre

Etymology 2

From Old Occitan, from Late Latin peduclus < peduculus, variant of Latin pēdīculus, from pēdis, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pesd-.

Noun

poll m (plural polls)

  1. louse (insect)
Derived terms
  • pollós
See also
  • llémena

Further reading

  • “poll” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

poll

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pollen
  2. imperative of pollen

German

Verb

poll

  1. singular imperative of pollen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of pollen

Icelandic

Noun

poll

  1. indefinite accusative singular of pollur

Irish

Etymology

From Middle Irish poll (hole), from Old English pōl (compare English pool).

Pronunciation

  • (Galway) IPA(key): /pˠəul̪ˠ/

Noun

poll m (genitive singular poill, nominative plural poill)

  1. hole
    1. storage pit; disposal pit; extraction pit
    2. pool, puddle; pond, sea
    3. burrow, lair
    4. dark, mean place (of prison)
    5. shaft, vent hole
    6. aperture
    7. (anatomy) orifice, cavity
    8. perforation
    9. (figuratively) leak
    10. pothole

Declension

Synonyms

  • (pothole): linntreog

Derived terms

Verb

poll (present analytic pollann, future analytic pollfaidh, verbal noun polladh, past participle pollta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) hole; puncture, pierce, bore, perforate (make a hole in)

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • polltóir (perforator)
  • uchtbhalla pollta (machicolation)

Mutation

References

Further reading

  • “poll” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “poll”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Middle English

Noun

poll

  1. A head, particularly the scalp or pate upon which the hair (normally) grows

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse pollr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɔlː/

Noun

poll m (definite singular pollen, indefinite plural pollar, definite plural pollane)

  1. a small branch of a fjord, often with a narrow inlet

Further reading

  • “poll” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

Possibly borrowed from Old English pōl (pool). Or, from Late Latin *padulus, metathesis of paludis, palus (marsh, swamp, bog). See also Welsh pwll (pool swamp), Irish poll, Middle Breton poull.

Noun

poll m (genitive singular puill, plural puill)

  1. mud, mire
  2. pond, pool, bog

Derived terms

  • poll-caca

Mutation

References


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