Scarlet vs Crimson what difference

what is difference between Scarlet and Crimson

English

Etymology

From Middle English scarlet, scarlat, borrowed from Old French escarlate (a type of cloth), from Medieval Latin scarlatum (scarlet cloth). This was long thought to derive from Persian سقرلات(saqerlât, a warm woollen cloth), but the Persian word (first attested in the 1290s) is now thought to be from Arabic سِقِلَّات(siqillāt), denoting very expensive, luxury silks dyed scarlet-red using the exceptionally expensive dye, first attested around the ninth century. The most obvious route for the Arabic word siqillāt to have entered the Romance languages would be via the Arabic-speaking Iberian region of Al-Andalus, particularly Almería, where kermes was produced extensively. The word then came to be used of woollen cloth dyed with the same dye.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈskɑɹlɪt/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈskɑːlɪt/
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈskɐːlət/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)lɪt
  • Hyphenation: scar‧let

Noun

scarlet (plural scarlets)

  1. A brilliant red colour tinged with orange.
  2. Cloth of a scarlet color.
    • All her household are clothed with scarlet.

Synonyms

  • scarlet red

Translations

Adjective

scarlet (comparative more scarlet, superlative most scarlet)

  1. Of a bright red colour.
    • Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. Sinful or whorish.
  3. (Ireland) Tragic or disappointing.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)

Verb

scarlet (third-person singular simple present scarlets, present participle scarleting, simple past and past participle scarleted)

  1. To dye or tinge with scarlet.
    • 1632, John Ford, Love’s Sacrifice
      The ashy paleness of my cheek / Is scarleted in ruddy flakes of wrath.

References

Anagrams

  • Clarets, arclets, cartels, castler, castrel, clarets, crestal, lacerts, rectals


English

Etymology

Late Middle English cremesyn, from obsolete French cramoisin or Old Spanish cremesin, from Arabic قِرْمِز(qirmiz), from Persian کرمست(kirmist), from Middle Persian; see Proto-Indo-Iranian *kŕ̥miš. Cognate with Sanskrit कृमिज (kṛmija). Doublet of kermes; also see carmine.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɹɪmzən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɹɪmzən/, /ˈkɹɪmsən/

Noun

crimson (countable and uncountable, plural crimsons)
crimson on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

  1. A deep, slightly bluish red.
    • 1904, Arthur Conan Doyle, “The Adventure of the Priory School” in The Return of Sherlock Holmes,[1]
      To my horror I perceived that the yellow blossoms were all dabbled with crimson.

Translations

Adjective

crimson (comparative more crimson, superlative most crimson)

  1. Having a deep red colour.
    • Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
    • 1950, Mervyn Peake, Gormenghast
      Her crimson dress inflames grey corridors, or flaring in a sunshaft through high branches makes of the deep green shadows a greenness darker yet, and a darkness greener.
  2. Immodest. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Translations

Verb

crimson (third-person singular simple present crimsons, present participle crimsoning, simple past and past participle crimsoned)

  1. (intransitive) To become crimson or deep red; to blush.
    • 1885, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “The Ring” in The Poetical Works of Alfred, Lord Tennyson, New York and Boston: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., Volume 2, p. 662,[2]
      Father. Why do you look so gravely at the tower?
      Miram. I never saw it yet so all ablaze
      With creepers crimsoning to the pinnacles,
  2. (transitive) To dye with crimson or deep red; to redden.
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act III, Scene 1,[3]
      Here didst thou fall; and here thy hunters stand,
      Sign’d in thy spoil, and crimson’d in thy lethe.
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility, London: Macmillan, 1902, Chapter 28, p. 153,[4]
      Her face was crimsoned over, and she exclaimed, in a voice of the greatest emotion, “Good God! Willoughby, what is the meaning of this? []
    • 1936, William Faulkner, Absalom, Absalom!, New York: Modern Library, 1951, Chapter 5, p. 138,[5]
      [] that sheetless bed (that nuptial couch of love and grief) with the pale and bloody corpse in its patched and weathered gray crimsoning the bare mattress []

Translations

Derived terms

  • crimson lake

Related terms

  • kermes
  • carmine

See also

  • (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)

Further reading

  • Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.

Anagrams

  • microns

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