Substantial vs Substantive what difference

what is difference between Substantial and Substantive

English

Etymology

From Old French substantiel.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /səbˈstænʃəl/

Adjective

substantial (comparative more substantial, superlative most substantial)

  1. Having a substance; actually existing.
    substantial life
  2. Not imaginary; real; actual; true; veritable.
    • 1850s, Cardinal John Henry Newman, The Rise and Progress of Universities
      to do some substantial good, is the compensation for much incidental imperfection
  3. Corporeal; material; firm.
  4. Having good substance; strong; stout; solid; firm.
  5. Possessed of goods or an estate; moderately wealthy.
  6. Large in size, quantity, or value; ample; significant.
  7. Most important; essential.
  8. Satisfying; having sufficient substance to be nourishing or filling.

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

substantial (plural substantials)

  1. Anything having substance; an essential part.


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French substantif.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsʌbstəntɪv/, /səbˈstæntɪv/

Adjective

substantive (comparative more substantive, superlative most substantive)

  1. of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, “substantive information”
    Synonyms: essential, in essence
  2. having substance; enduring; solid; firm; substantial
    Synonyms: meaty, substantial
    Antonym: superficial
  3. (chemistry) of a dye that does not need the use of a mordant to be made fast to that which is being dyed
    Antonym: adjective
  4. Depending on itself; independent.
  5. (grammar) Clipping of noun substantive.
    Synonym: substantival
  6. (military, of a rank or appointment) actually and legally held, as distinct from an acting, temporary or honorary rank or appointment

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

substantive (plural substantives)

  1. (grammar) a word that names a person, place, thing or idea; a noun (sensu stricto) [from 16th c.]
    Synonyms: (sensu stricto) noun, noun substantive
    Hypernym: (sensu lato) noun
  2. Part of a text that carries the meaning, such as words and their ordering.
    Coordinate term: accidental

Alternative forms

  • subst. (abbreviation used in lexicography and grammar)

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

substantive (third-person singular simple present substantives, present participle substantiving, simple past and past participle substantived)

  1. (grammar, very rare) to make a word belonging to another part of speech into a substantive (that is, a noun) or use it as a noun
    Synonyms: substantivize, nominalize

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /syp.stɑ̃.tiv/
  • Homophone: substantives

Adjective

substantive

  1. feminine singular of substantif

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /sub.stanˈtiː.u̯e/, [s̠ʊps̠t̪än̪ˈt̪iːu̯ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /sup.stanˈti.ve/, [supst̪ɑn̪ˈt̪iːvɛ]

Adjective

substantīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of substantīvus

Portuguese

Verb

substantive

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of substantivar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of substantivar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of substantivar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of substantivar

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sub.stanˈti.ve]

Noun

substantive

  1. plural of substantiv

Spanish

Verb

substantive

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of substantivar.

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