Suppress vs Oppress what difference

what is difference between Suppress and Oppress

English

Etymology

Latin suppressus, perfect passive participle of supprimō (press down or under), from sub (under) + premō (press).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /səˈpɹɛs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛs
  • Hyphenation: sup‧press

Verb

suppress (third-person singular simple present suppresses, present participle suppressing, simple past and past participle suppressed)

  1. To put an end to, especially with force, to crush, do away with; to prohibit, subdue.
    Political dissent was brutally suppressed.
  2. To restrain or repress, such as laughter or an expression.
    I struggled to suppress my smile.
  3. (psychiatry) To exclude undesirable thoughts from one’s mind.
    He unconsciously suppressed his memories of abuse.
  4. To prevent publication.
    The government suppressed the findings of their research about the true state of the economy.
  5. To stop a flow or stream.
    The rescue team managed to suppress the flow of oil by blasting the drilling hole.
    Hot blackcurrant juice mixed with honey may suppress cough.
  6. (US, law) To forbid the use of evidence at trial because it is improper or was improperly obtained.
  7. (electronics) To reduce unwanted frequencies in a signal.
  8. (obsolete) To hold in place, to keep low.

Derived terms

  • suppression
  • suppressor

Translations

Further reading

  • suppress in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • suppress in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • press-ups


English

Etymology

From Middle English oppressen, from Old French oppresser, from Medieval Latin oppressare (to press against, oppress), frequentative of Latin opprimere, past participle oppressus (to press against, press together, oppress), from ob (against) + premere, past participle pressus (to press); see press.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /əˈpɹɛs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛs
  • Hyphenation: op‧press

Verb

oppress (third-person singular simple present oppresses, present participle oppressing, simple past and past participle oppressed)

  1. (transitive) To keep down by unjust force.
  2. (transitive) To make sad or gloomy.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) Physically to press down on (someone) with harmful effects; to smother, crush.

Conjugation

Related terms

  • oppression
  • oppressive

Translations

Further reading

  • oppress in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • oppress in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • porpess, soppers

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